The second, is alienation from the product. In Marxist time and in today’s modern world we are involved in an abundance of mass production. In a capitalist system, people are placed in a position where they are responsible in making a minor part of the goods. The goods of work belong to the capitalist and is sold for their profit, whereas the workers gain nothing. Therefore, Marx concluded that the greater effort the workers put into their job, the lesser they benefit.
He also criticizes the capitalists in European economics. These people collect factories and raw materials for production, pay their laborers wages to produce goods, and as a result produce a profit due to good calculations. Although he says this is the rational thing to do to make more money, it is exploiting lower class laborers. Labor becomes an object, a type of commodity, instead of something people do. Consequently, laborers become an object and lose their humanity.
Private property ownership arises and as it arises owners seek workers to grow and earn profit. Because of the high frequency a worker produces, the workers become poorer and owners becomes wealthier. In capitalist society, wage does not mean a reward towards how you devote or how it actually meets ones desire but instead it is a wage of a servant or payment of a slave. That is how alienation arises; you are working in
The most significant impact that Marx theory of Marxism is his emphasis on class struggle a division between classes who clash in the pursuit of class interests. The first class, The Bourgeoisie or the materialist class owns and controls the means of production in society. The bourgeoisie developed hegemonic rule by using their economic power to centralise political power and to control all aspects of production including ideology, culture, state apparatuses. The state thus emerged as a repressive instrument, controlled by capitalist interests, to foster the reproduction of a society with a strict social hierarchy and hegemony one that fosters the maintenance of the bipolar class structure. The bourgeoisie has control of industry, or the economic engine of society, but also because those within this class seized state power by creating and controlling the post-feudal political system.
In his writing, he was focused on the social classes struggles for power with the working class against its capitalistic leaders. Marx founded that the market binds the individual producer to the market from which he consumes, as he is dependent on capital for his survival. The worker thus creates a surplus value for the upper class he labors for, helping large-scale industries dominate the market, and creating a larger gap in income inequality, inevitably leading to conflict. With this, Marx took a materialist approach in his philosophy, where he viewed society to be ever changing, and systematically developed in favor of the most dominant productive
Karl Marx’s goal in developing this theory on alienation was to help people come to terms with inequality and losing themselves while working. He specifically focused on capitalism and how capitalism forces people to experience a loss of meaning in life. He wanted people to understand that “the worker becomes a slave of his object…” (p. 43). He believed in false consciousness, which is “the inability of the proletariat to see the situation they are in vis-à-vis the bourgeoisie” (Karl Marx PowerPoint). He wanted to educate people for their own sake on how to breakthrough the inequality and save themselves from capitalism.
In instances where unions successes in securing economic gains are limited, workers look towards adopting political action, and Hyman believes that this can lead to workers challenging the capitalist structure of class domination (Hyman, , p. 8). While some consider unions can benefit broader social change, Lenin believes unions embed themselves within capitalism because they are organized as wage-earners rather than producers and as sellers of their labour power (Hyman, , p. 12). With the structure of unions becoming bureaucratic, Trotsky believed in the thesis of incorporation, wherein union leaders authority over their members assist in the organization and controlling of workers (Hyman, , p. 18). Although the goal of unions is to acquire more economic power for their members, the characteristics of wage-labour and bureaucracy
Marxism refers to the body of ideas first worked out by Karl Marx. These ideas shape a theoretical basis for the struggle of the working class to a higher form of human society (Sewell et al., 2008). Capitalism on the other hand, is the social structure that emerges on the basis of the social relationship between the consumers and the sellers of labour power (Ritzer, 2000). This essay will discuss the preconditions for capitalism, which include: commodities, surplus value and labour power. The contradictions of capitalism such as; alienation, exploitation and the decline in human development and will also be discussed, as well as contemporary examples of these found in South Africa.
But in Capitalist Commodity Production (M-C-M*) the producer starts with money where he buys labour and materials for his production using money and then he sells his product for more money, thus generating a profit. The profit made by the capitalist is equal to M* - M. Marx called this profit as the Surplus Value II. Write notes on any Four of the following 1. Division of Labour a
In the source, the man contains collectivist ideals, explaining that a laissez-faire economy causes problems within the working class. The profit that comes from the labour of the workers goes towards the capitalist and leaves the workers with little money and bad working conditions. This significant inequality will invoke all of the working members to gather together and cause a revolution. The restructuring will create a government with a socialist ideal, meaning that everyone is set out to do jobs according to their ability and they will be provided for according to their needs. These beliefs align with the philosopher Karl Marx, known as the father of communism who promoted an egalitarianism way of thinking.