According to this ideology, you get out of the system what you put into it, so regardless of class or background if the student works hard they will be successful, equal opportunity for all. Marxism does not believe that true meritocracy occurs within the educational system. (Kennedy and Power, 2010) Bowles and Gintis (1976) argue the notion and existence of meritocracy. As there is inequality in a capitalist society, this is reflected in the educational system. According to Bowles and Gintis (1976) the main factor in determining someone’s success and income is not to their ability but a result of their background and class.
While the working class need the capitalist because they need income in return of their hard work. Moreover, revolution is not considered as solution in order to give equal power. Thus, for Ibn Khaldun a good leader must give justice to those who had been oppressed. Thus, he emphasized on the asabiyyah among the
Assumptions can be made on the basis of level of subordination of working class and the lower class which do not hold up this history. This theory also ignores the micro level interactions with the individuals. Besides the main concept of the theory is to make changes in the social structure even if that leads to revolution and neglecting the stability of the society. The greatest weakness of conflict theory is its connection with socialism and statism. For example in a school conflict the eventual vision is to see a society where all are freely cooperating in terms of production for social goods.
For some, the societal strain becomes overwhelming to the point where they commit a deviant behavior as a way to manage the strain. The deviance is the result of their feelings of anomie -- meaningless due to not able to understand how the social norms are affecting them. This is usually because the norms are confusing, conflicting and weak. He believed that a deviant behavior of an individual or a group in the society emerges due to a strain or pressure regarding the “goal” of the society and the “means” to achieve
This implies that unity within a community is essential for its survival which confronts the Birling’s view of absolute capitalism. Priestley completely demoralizes capitalism by making the audience detest its followers (Mr. and Mrs. Birling); he achieves this by giving Mr. Birling a presumptuous and arrogant character that is made to be despised. The word “members” suggests that everyone is treated fairly and you cannot differentiate between the rich and poor which results in no inequalities in class or gender. Also, it suggests that each member depends on the rest of the community to function; if one part of the “body” does not function properly
Merton recognised 'Conformity ' and adherence to cultural goals and values as the most primary reason for prevailing unsanctioned economic activities and crime. The phenomena that Merton 's theory indicates towards can be successfully explained with the help of an example of how people achieve or strive to achieve economic success. For instance, in the U.S which has a capitalist system, everybody is motivated to attain financial profitability for a greater sense of positive identity. There are two legally approved ways of accomplishing this task, education and work. However, not everyone may have access to equal opportunities because of brokered access or discrimination on the basis of class, gender, race, sexuality etc.
How they ruled the political state due to their economic development. Marx famously notes that ‘"the executive of the modern State is but a committee for managing the common affairs of the whole bourgeoisie"(Communist Manifesto Summary and Analysis by Karl Marx) thus showing that the bourgeoisie class only care for themselves and the profits that they are making. This was not enough for the bourgeoisie social class they also needed to expand and exploit markets. This caused conflict between the two social classes. Although the bourgeoisie social class help the proletariat with education this was still for their own benefit for their own political goals.
They receive a minimum wage, which is enough payment to keep the labourer barely alive to return to work the next day to earn more capital for the capitalist. To Marx, wage labour has no benefits for the worker; it is just an asset to the bourgeois. This is exploitation of the worker by the middle class to attain private property. Kieran Allen defines exploitation when someone is forced to give something for nothing (Allen, 2011). This antagonism is the foundations of private property.
From the psychological point of view, it means ‘abandonment' loss, insanity and derangement of mental faculties. According to Marx, the alienation of the worker in his product means that not only solely that his labour becomes an associated object, assumes an external existence however that it exists independently, outside himself which it stands against him. Marx distinguishes clearly between externalization and the alienation of the product. According to Marx, the alienation of product and labour has
In proposition of structural explanations functionalist provides plausible arguments for unemployment as a structural problem. Parsons and Durkheim describe society as a set of interconnected institutions essential for society to function. When the latter do not occur dysfunction occurs (Haralambos Holburn 2000). For example, education is dysfunctional where it fails to provide the skills the job market demands. The disjuncture between required skills and graduates degrees widen the unemployment gap and is failure of the education system and not the individual.