Paragraph 1 The objective of the experiment is to test; how will water temperature affect the rate of reaction of an alka-seltzer tablet? The dependent variable of the experiment is the dissolving time. When an alka-seltzer tablet starts to fizz it begins to dissolve, due to the citric acid and sodium bicarbonate the tablet contains (Clark, “Why does Alka-Seltzer fizz?). When the tablet is in solid form, the two ingredients are not yet mixed together, but by dropping the tablet in water, a chemical reaction is catalyzed between them, creating a fizzing sensation (Clark, “Why does Alka-Seltzer fizz?). When the sodium bicarbonate is placed in water, it begins to split apart and form bicarbonate and sodium ions (Science Buddies, Carbonation Countdown:
This is what makes it dissolve. Sodium bicarbonate or baking ions react with hydrogen ions then mixes ions with water, carbon dioxide gas which is the fizz. Baking soda and citric acid mixed when dropped in the water, which causes a chemical reaction to happen. There are multiple components that make an alka-seltzer dissolve.
Introduction: The aim of this experiment was to see whether water, Powerade or orange juice contained more electrolytes. Electrolytes are responsible for controlling the total amount of water in the body, regulating blood volume and maintaining muscle and nerve function. A lack of these electrolytes can cause headaches, fatigue, confusion, hallucinations and muscle spasms. I found that water and distilled water were less conductive than the orange juice and Powerade and orange juice proved to be the most conductive. Investigative Question: Does tap water, Powerade or orange juice contain more electrolytes?
Also, a few of the constants in the experiment will be the amount of water, and amount of tablets. The hypothesis that the scientist will be testing is that alka seltzer tablets with smaller particles will react faster than tablets with larger particles. This would happen because the water would not have to break down the tablets as much as it would with the tablets with larger particles. Without having to break down the tablet, the water could begin reacting immediately with the tablets having smaller particle size. The scientist will do this by placing tablets of alka seltzer, each with different particle sizes, into water, and measuring the
Before the water reach to the consumer 70% of the permeate water goes to potabilization or remineralization while 30% goes the demineralization. In potabilization plant four chemicals are added which are: Sodium hypochlorite It is added for final disinfection of treated water Sodium fluoride This chemical must be existed in the potable water because when it dissociate fluoride is produced as shown in the chemical reaction: NaF → 〖Na〗^++ F^- The fluoride used to protect the teeth in two ways: Protection from demineralization - when bacteria in the mouth combine with sugars they produce acid. This acid can erode tooth enamel and damage our teeth. Fluoride can protect teeth from demineralization that is caused by the acid. Remineralization
Introduction The goal of the experiment is to examine how the rate of reaction between Hydrochloric acid and Sodium thiosulphate is affected by altering the concentrations. The concentration of Sodium thiosulfate will be altered by adding deionised water and decreasing the amount of Sodium thiosulphate. Once the Sodium thiosulphate has been tested several times. The effect of concentration on the rate of reaction can be examined in this experiment. The chemical equation for this experiment is hydrochloric acid + sodium thiosulphate + deionised water (ranging from 25ml to 0ml in 5ml intervals) sodium chloride + deionised water (ranging from 25ml to 0ml in 5ml intervals) + sulphur dioxide + sulphur.
will be reabsorbed into the body, but other wastes such as caffeine will pass through when it reaches the tubular secretion step. The urine from this drink will be very concentrated so it will probably be more acidic and have a lower pH level. With a lot solutes in the urine the surface will probably be very dense with the urinometer, which will cause it to float more and read a lower number. The release of ANP will help get rid of the surplus of solutes and caffeine, this means that the flow rate volume for coke will probably be a high
Hydrochloric acid is a chemical used in the process of digestion and is a vital to our ongoing health and well being. The concentration of hydrochloric acid in the stomach is approximately 0.05 – 0.1 moles/litre (M). However hydrochloric acid at 18% is used in many industrial processes and has the capacity to melt steal. Aim The purpose of this experiment is to investigate how altering the concentration of hydrochloric acid, when reacting with sodium thiosulfate, can change the rate of a reaction. Hypothesis If three beakers are filled with sodium thiosulfate and differing concentration levels of hydrochloric acid then, the rate of reaction will occur quicker using a higher concentration of hydrochloric acid.
• Carefully decant the solvent solution from the drying agent through the funnel into the flask. Rinse the Erlenmeyer flask with about 10 ml of solvent and pour the solvent through the funnel, too. Remove the funnel, add two or three boiling chips and reattach the thermometer and adapter to the still pot. • Discard the magnesium sulfate remaining in the Erlenmeyer flask by dissolving it in tap water and pouring the solution down the drain. • Before beginning the distillation, weigh a clean, dry 1 narrow mouth screw cap bottle on a balance.
Add deionized water to the volumetric flask to the 250ml mark on the volumetric flask. 13. Read the volume from the bottom of the meniscus. 14. Swirl the solution to ensure that the oxalic acid crystals are properly dissolved in the deionised water.