Paragraph 1 The objective of the experiment is to test; how will water temperature affect the rate of reaction of an alka-seltzer tablet? The dependent variable of the experiment is the dissolving time. When an alka-seltzer tablet starts to fizz it begins to dissolve, due to the citric acid and sodium bicarbonate the tablet contains (Clark, “Why does Alka-Seltzer fizz?). When the tablet is in solid form, the two ingredients are not yet mixed together, but by dropping the tablet in water, a chemical reaction is catalyzed between them, creating a fizzing sensation (Clark, “Why does Alka-Seltzer fizz?). When the sodium bicarbonate is placed in water, it begins to split apart and form bicarbonate and sodium ions (Science Buddies, Carbonation Countdown: …show more content…
Place the thermometer into the water and let it settle in order to ensure that the temperature has remained at 41°C. Carefully remove four Alka-Seltzer tablets from the package making sure not to crack any. With the timer ready, place one tablet into the cup of water. Immediately start the timer when the tablet comes in contact with the water. Stop the timer as soon as the reaction has stopped taking place and no remaining tablet is visible. Record the data. Empty out the beaker and water. Repeat steps 18-26 three more times, until four trials have been completed in total. Clean up and return the materials. Paragraph 3 In my bar graph I presented the relationship between the temperature of water and an Alka-Seltzer’s rate of reaction time when dropped into the water. The data proves that if the temperature of water increases, then the reaction rate of an Alka-Seltzer tablet will increase as well. I presented the data of the temperatures; 21°C, 41°C, and 28°C for each four trials and their averages. The graph presents the trend of the rate of reaction decreasing when the temperature is lower. This is shown through the average rate of reaction time being 89.5 seconds for the cold water, while in the hot water the tablet’s average reaction time was 41 seconds. Based on the graph, you can see a significant change between the two times, the average cold water time’s bar have a vast change from the average hot water time’s bar. The reason I chose a bar graph to display my data was to be able to compare distinct categories in an organized manner, while having the changes between them
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Pertaining to the appearance of the oil and water before the reaction occurs, oil “sits” on top of the water because oil is less dense than water, and therefore rests on the surface of the water. The Alka-Seltzer, or effervescent tablet, reacts with the water and produces bubbles of carbon dioxide gas. This gas is less dense than both the water and oil, so it travels the the surface of the liquid, pulling a small amount of the colored water with it and creating the “lava lamp” effect. The chemical reaction that is occurring is an acid-base reaction, and results from the reaction between the ingredients in the Alka-Seltzer tablets.
The bottle was labeled “Alka-seltzer” with a sharpie. Container 4: Acid Rain/ Alka-seltzer 650mL of water was added to the container Sulfuric acid was added to the water drop by drop until the solution had a pH of about 4.0 6 alka-seltzer tablet were dissolved into the solution. The bottle was labeled “Alka-seltzer & Acid Rain” with a sharpie.
Alka-Seltzer is something that when it gets put into water it has a chemical reaction because it starts to bubble up and when it starts to bubble up the bubbles are carbon dioxide gas. Chemical reactions start when matter is mixed with other matter, you can recognize new compounds by their color or by their acid levels or how a compound looks, feels, or how it acts. Substances create a solid compound. The chemical reaction also happens from more products and properties. They can have one or more products or properties.
In this particular experiment the constant condition, the factor that was never changed, was the room temperature water. The independent variable, the variable the student affected, was how much water was placed into the beakers. The dependent variable, a variable that was affected by the independent variable, was the time it took for the tablet to fully dissolve. The control group, which did not receive treatment from the students, was the 50 ml of water as a result of being the medium between the three measurements of water. Finally, the experimental group, the subject that was exposed to the variable during the experiment, was the 25 ml and 75 ml of
A buffer solution minimises change in PH of a solution when small amounts of acid or alkali are added to the solution, with an an acidic buffer solutions maintaining a PH<7 (ChemGuide, 2017). It works through an equilibrium, so if the concentration of H+ or OH- are changed, equilibrium will shift to oppose this change and return solution PH to original value. The Alka Seltzer mixture contains an excess amount of the bicarbonate ion which is vital for the buffering action taking place within the solution. This is because the excess bicarbonate ion present, allows the solution to act as a buffer as it’s able to react with small quantities of acids and bases added to the solution, therefore resisting a change in PH by neutralising them.
Alka Seltzer mixture mainly consists of 3 active ingredients; aspirin, citric acid and sodium bicarbonate. The functions of the following components are as follows; Aspirin acts a pain reliever and as an anti-inflammatory (which reduces swelling and inflammation). It does this by preventing the action of a substance known as cyclo-oxygenase which produces chemicals in the body. Sodium hydrogen carbonate and citric acid neutralizes and reduces stomach acid when they react with water.
Like how the temperature affected how long it took for the tablet to react to the water, if there is only one drop water used to dissolve the whole tablet, the time it takes for the whole tablet to react to the water and start to dissolve will be
The control in the experiment is water. Units used while timing the productivity of gas from an Alka-Seltzer tablet in different temperatures is, seconds. In order to find out if temperature controls the rate of chemical reaction, whether hot water is a more effective way to make the gas produce at a faster speed, it would be necessary to compare the results of different temperatures at the end of each trial. In order to do this the scientists will measure the volume of gas that is produced within a 10 second interval time after the tablet begins to react.
”(Factors that affect the boiling point of water.) Overall there are many ways that water 's boiling point can be affected by outside forces, but the focus will be on alkaseltzer tablets and how they influence water 's boiling point. The active ingredients in the alka seltzer tablet are “As the tablets dissolve, the sodium bicarbonate splits apart to form sodium and bicarbonate ions. The bicarbonate ions react with hydrogen ions from the citric acid to form carbon dioxide gas (and water). This is how the bubbles are made.
50ml of the water was obtained and placed into a Styrofoam cup. A capsule was then added to the water and a timer was started. A stirrer thermometer was used to stir the water at a constant pace until the sponge emerged. Once the sponge creature emerged the timer was stopped and the time recorded. This experiment was repeated once more with distilled water heated to 80̊C (1).
Research Question: To investigate and compare how different temperature (5℃, 15℃, 25℃, 35℃, 45℃) can affect the concentration of carbon dioxide in soda water through titration with sodium hydroxide solution. Introduction: Carbon dioxide plays an important role in soft drinks. Soda water is manufactured by pumping carbon dioxide into water under high pressure. Carbon dioxide dissolves in water to form carbonic acid, which is the fizz we find in soft drinks. CO2 + H2O ⇌
Acids are proton donors in chemical reactions which increase the number of hydrogen ions in a solution while bases are proton acceptors in reactions which reduce the number of hydrogen ions in a solution. Therefore, an acidic solution has more hydrogen ions than a basic solution; and basic solution has more hydroxide ions than an acidic solution. Acid substances taste sour. They have a pH lower than 7 and turns blue litmus paper into red. Meanwhile, bases are slippery and taste bitter.