Diseases of the urinary tract blockages such as stones, tumors, and also causes narrowing of the kidney failure. Kidney failure can also be caused by autoimmune disorders, such as lupus erythematosus. Of the many types of disease-causing, most causes of diabetes mellitus. According to Budiman, 45 percent of sufferers of kidney failure caused by diabetes mellitus, 28 percent by high blood pressure, glomerulonephritis by 9 percent, and 18 percent of other
Class I is the minimal mesangial lupus nephritis and for patients who are classified under this usually are in remission. The worst class, Class VI (Advanced sclerosis lupus nephritis) is embodied by a gradual progressive kidney dysfunction. This complication is the one most scientists use for research as this affects the majority of Lupus patients. Other complications could include organs such as lungs, brain, intestines, and
This bacterium is also involved in the pathogenesis of several extra gastric diseases, such as mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphomas ( Maltomas) gastroesophageal reflux disease ( GERD ) and gastric carcinomas. In some population Pylori can be seen associated in 80% of gastric cancers. Aim of the study: To study the association of H pylori in benign and malignant
It contributes to the formation of thrombi from the alterations in blood flow. It can be divided into two categories: primary or genetic and secondary or acquired (robins, deep vein thrombosis – ECAB). MANIFESTATION Some of cases of deep vein thrombosis have no symptoms, but doctors can observe the patient by looking to the sign of the symptoms. Symptoms of the deep vein thrombosis are pain or tenderness in the leg. It will be warmth and heavy ache in the affected area.
To our knowledge, our case is the youngest one who received a high dose of cisplatin (500 mg/m2) in the absence of intravenous hydration, and nephrotoxicity result in renal failure, hearing loss, visual impairment, severe myelosuppression complicated by life-threatening sepsis were presented in this patient. Although vigorous therapies were given, the patient decreased. As the toxicity of cisplatin is dose-dependent, early elimination of the drug from plasma should be critical in the management. Most of the platinum in the blood plasma is bound to proteins within a few hours after intravenous administration. Binding of cisplatin to proteins and enzymes is generally believed to be the cause of its side effects, especially ototoxicity and
In the findings they do not show a diagnosis. The results are indication of an underlying disease or condition. The most common cause of anemia iron deficiency and vitamin B-12 and folate deficiency. These vitamins require the body to produce plenty healthy red blood cells and iron to produce hemoglobin. Other conditions that cause anemia are HIV/AIDS, cancer, kidney disease, and sickle cell anemia.
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy allows earlier oral intake, shortens hospital stay, enhances earlier return to normal activity , minimal postoperative pain, and improves cosmesis over open cholecystectomy. Thus, Laparoscopic cholecystectomy has continued to gain widespread clinical approval, and it is now the standard procedure for benign diseases of the gallbladder; However, there is still a substantial percent of patients in whom Laparoscopic cholecystectomy cannot be successfully done and for whom conversion to open surgery is required. A previous abdominal surgery has been reported as a relative contraindication to Laparoscopic cholecystectomy.  Previous abdominal surgery particularly is associated with difficult insertion of the initial trocar and obtaining adequate exposure to the gallbladder. The potential risk for injury of organs adherent to the abdominal wall during Veress needle or trocar insertion as well as the necessity for adhesiolysis and its attendant complications are the two major specific problems limiting surgeons from acting laparoscopic cholecystectomy for patients with previous abdominal
It has been proved superior to diazepam with low seizure recurrence, quick recovery from coma and with improved fetal salvagability31. Magnesium sulfate can be administered parenterally by intramuscular(IM) or intravenous (IV) routes. Though IV regimen is more efficacious in achieving stable serum levels of magnesium but requires the use of an infusion pump for safe delivery of drug and has a greater potential for inadvertent overdose. But in low resource setting or developing countries like India the use of IV infusion set is not uncommon. So IM regimen is the standard of care used in most hospitals in India.
Introduction Varicocele is characterized by an abnormal dilation of the testicular veins in the pampiniform plexus. The inci-dence of varicocele in the general adult population is about 15–20%, and it can be considered a major cause of male infertility. It may occur by a number of different mechanisms, and is thus considered to be a multifactorial disease . The exact mechanism of impaired testicular function in patients with varicocele has not yet been determined. Elevated testicular and scrotal temperature, venous stasis and resultant hypoxia, reflux of adrenal breakdown products in the testicular vein, lower intratesticular testosterone, and androgen receptor defects are possible causes .
However, some doctors consider infections of the urethra and prostate to be lower (Iman, 2016). Upper UTIs usually consist of diseases of the ureters, renal pelvis, and interstitium. The differences are that upper infections can lead to kidney failure, and lower UTIs result in necrosis. E. Coli and Staphylococcus cause the lower infections, whereas the upper infections are usually due to Proteus, E. Coli, and Pseudomonas. Lower UTIs have symptoms frequency, urgency, dysuria, back pain, hematuria, cloudy urine, and flank pain, whereas upper infections have signs of frequency, urgency, dysuria, costovertebral tenderness, and hypertension (Huether, 2012, p.
This bacteria can be life threaten when it infects the fascia, or connective tissue that surrounds muscles, blood vessels and nerve. Streptococcus pyogenes destroy red platelets, white platelets that is the body defense system, and other body cells. With the immune system compromised Streptococcus pyogenes is capable of causing many different diseases. These diseases range from mild, like strep throat and impetigo, to severe, like necrotizing fasciitis, and streptococcal toxic shock syndrome. The bacteria typically enters the body through an open of the skin causing infection just below the skin that spreads to deeper
Homogentisic acid is produced in the body from the improper breakdown of tyrosine and phenylalanine in the body. The excess homogentisic acid accumulates in the blood and also in the connective tissues such as cartilage and this happens in a great amount around the joints. The accumulation of blood leads to development of ochronosis, arthritis, heart issues discoloration of the skin in certain areas and many more complications that are seen in patients with AKU. In basis terms AKU is a disorder that results from the improper breakdown of tyrosine and phenylalanine because there is a deficiency of the enzyme HGAO. The gene that encodes the HGD enzyme was cloned in 1996 that is when they opened the era of molecular genetics of AKU.
Often we find belly fat but sometimes intestines can pass through the opening. Small hernias (non-reducible), where the contents cannot be put back through the abdominal wall, by pressure under the skin or navel. These seldom cause problems and can often be left alone. It is however recommended that it be checked regularly to ensure the texture, size and color have not changes. If you notice any changes quickly consult with your
Amyloidosis occurs mostly in people whose myeloma has the light chain components of immunoglobulins to form a sticky protein called amyloid, impairs the function of whichever organ it is in. The kidney damage due to myeloma is fatigue, nausea, vomiting there also could be no signs and could cause foamy urine. Hyperviscostly syndrome can cause bruising from the mouth, nose, headaches, confusion, sleepiness, and problems with feeling their limbs. A bone marrow sample is taken to see what stage you can be treated