Allegory Animal Farm Analysis

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The novel Animal Farm is an allegory of the Russian Revolution due to the parallelism between characters and historical events. Orwell’s goal in writing Animal farm was to illustrate a ruthless, totalitarian government during the Russian Revolution of 1917. In the novel “Animal Farm”, Manor farm represents the setting of the revolution in Russia. The main characters from the novel were leaders such as Napoleon, Snowball, Mr. Jones and Old Major, which represents the authoritative figures during the Revolution. The Russian Revolution took place in the 1917 where working class citizens and peasants revolted against the government of Tsar Nicholas II. The group of revolutionaries called Bolsheviks were led by Vladimir Lenin. The revolt against…show more content…
This resembles to Stalin’s purge which took place in 1936-1938, when he exiled people who were against his ruling. Tsar Nicholas II, the last Russian ruler represents Farmer Jones. During his monarchy, Russian citizens experienced poverty and bloody massacres. As the animals under Mr. Jones control, they were starved and exhausted from labor. The leader of Bolshevik who gained control over the revolution, is Old major, which is the animal figure of V.I. Lenin. In the novel on page 21, Old major claimed, “All men are enemies. All animals are comrades.” He introduced animalism to the animals and began to plot against the humans. As old Major discusses the principle of animalism, Lenin was also influenced by Karl’s theory of communism. Old Major was held accountable for converting Manor farm into Animal farm, just how Lenin was accountable for transforming Russia into the U.S.S.R. Snowball is Leon TRotsky, who is Lenin’s ally during the revolution, and is very idealistic. Trotsky felt like a series of rebellions was required to reach the revolution’s victory. Snowball wants to build a windmill and other programs, which his intelligence reflects on Trotsky’s plan of reconstructing the theories into practice. Towards the end, Snowball was chased off the farm by Napoleon’s dogs, just how Trotsky was killed by the secret police of Stalin. Napoleon models Joseph Stalin because they are both power hungry, and brutal
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