Allegory In Call Of The Wild

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In order for Buck to solve the dilemma of his existence, a dilemma created by modern fates. It was necessary for Buck to shed his “domesticated generations” and become a dominant primordial beast.” Like modern men, Buck was thrown out of paradise much further than east of Eden, by forces unknown to him, beyond his control, and rooted in the industrial world, forces tied into men finding “a yellow metal in the North Because Manuel was a gardener’s helper whose wages did not lap over the needs of his wife and divers small copies of himself.” By the third chapter, Buck has learned, in an unconscious way, all the tricks of survival. London was a wise teacher, does not end the story, with a quick and successfulness fight against Spitz, Buck’s assumption…show more content…
To the primitive world of dogs and Alaska came an allegory of human life. It was also an allegory of man’s condition in the society of London’s time as well as a revelation of the deepest emotions London’s felt about himself and that society. The novel has three levels, the first and narrative one the story of a dog, Buck who reverts, learns to survive in a wolf-like life, and eventually becomes a wolf. The second, or biological level, reveals London himself lived and felt climbing out of the abyss of poverty and deprivation to prestige as a writer and wealth. Buck was symbolically London struggling for the success and domination, learning the law of club and fang, “put into harshness” and finally becoming the wolf. The third level, was political and philosophical, the doctrines of social Darwinism in fictional form. The fittest of survival by adaptation to the man with the club and the strength of the herd, by this adaptation man or dog may be temporarily defeated but ultimately will triumph. Man or dog becomes hardened to nature physically and also hardened spiritually to greed, thievery cunning, violence and individualism in society and nature. Finally, when man and dogs has gained sufficient strength and craft, he may prey on those weaker than himself, knowing that, as London saw it, “Mercy did not exist in the primordial life. It was misunderstood for fear, and such misunderstanding made for death. Kill or be killed, eat or be eaten, was the
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