The Yellow Wallpaper by Charlotte Perkins Gilman is a short story set in the 1890s about a female narrator who struggles with postpartum depression. She moves into a home for the summer with her husband, John. Since she has this sickness, John forbids her from doing any sort of activities other than some houes work. If she was doing anything, her husband would want her to rest to help with her illness. This was a common "cure" known at the rest cure back then.
She also states at least that makes her tired. She wants a room downstairs, but John says that there is not enough room for two beds and would not be enough room if he takes another. He wants her to take a room upstairs, it was a nursery, then a playroom it has windows with bars on each wall that look out in every direction. She describes the walls as having repellant ghastly unclean yellow faded wallpaper that has been torn and shredded in patches. She stays in that dreary room alone most of the time, as John is away most the day and even the night at times., she also talks briefly about a baby that she can’t be with an it makes her nervous It’s thought that this leads to her being lonely and depressed.
The narrator of "The Yellow Wallpaper" is the main character in the short novel. She is a young newly married mother in the upper middle class who is very imaginative. The narrator is going through a stage of depression and believes the house they have temporarily moved into is haunted. What the narrator is actually experiencing is called Postpartum depression, depression suffered by a mother following childbirth. This illness can arise from the combination of hormonal changes, psychological adjustment to motherhood, and fatigue.
“The Yellow Wallpaper” Literary Analysis The “Yellow Wallpaper” is a iconic short story written by Charlotte Perkins, a famous feminist author. The novel takes place the 19th century and deals with the issue of how women dealt with mental health issues, specifically postpartum depression. Back in the 19th century the way physicians dealt with women 's mental health was much different then it is today, back then they believed that the cure for depression was solvable by isolation and rest. As a result many women suffering from postpartum depression were forced into isolation which only made their situation worse. Jane; the narrator of the short story, is one of these woman forced into the rest treatment by her physician husband.
Oppression is defined as prolonged cruel or unjust treatment or control. Cruel and unjust punishment is just the beginning for the narrator in “The Yellow Wallpaper.” Charlotte Gilman while writing the “The Yellow Wallpaper” deciding to make it into a series of diary entries from a woman who is suffering from post-partum depression. The narrator begins by describing this large home that she and her husband have rented for the summer. Their summer house stands away from the road and contains many locks and little houses. The house is in a super-isolated place.
The Yellow Wallpaper by Charlotte Perkins Gilman is a short story told through diary entries of a woman who suffers from postpartum depression. The narrator, whose name is never mentioned, becomes obsessed with the ugly yellow wallpaper in the summer home her husband rented for them. While at the home the Narrator studies the wallpaper and starts to believe there is a woman in the wallpaper. Her obsession with the wallpaper slowly makes her mental state deteriorate. Throughout The Yellow Wallpaper Charlotte Perkins Gilman uses many literary devices such as symbolism, personification and imagery to help convey her message and get it across to the reader.
In the book , Fever 1793 , by Laurie Halse, the theme of the story appeared to be that when there are hardships in life you change. Before yellow fever took on the lives of the citizens of Philadelphia Mattie, the main character, was naive and reliant on her family but later changed into a more independent being. For instance, when Mattie’s friend Polly died Mother did not want her to go to the funeral. Matilda’s response to this was “She was my friend! You must allow me.
In addition, she has countless dreams where she is somewhere else in gardens and greenhouses, somewhere angelic and somewhere she feels free of pain and somewhere she can roam as she pleases. In the story "The Story of an Hour" the reader takes a look into the thoughts of a woman named Louise who has heart troubles and just found out her husband died in a railroad accident. Josephine Louise 's sister delivered the news about her husband, the moment she got the news Louise was in complete shock and locks herself in her room. furthermore, the reader at first can see her natural response to when a loved one dies which is to feel melancholic and cry as she did, but later as the reader, you realize shortly after she actually feels overwhelming bliss from her new found freedom moments after the passing of her husband, which ironically made her die as well from a heart disease called "The Joy that kills". In "The Yellow Wallpaper" and "The Story of an Hour", the authors give you a narrative view on different social statuses that are prevalent in the late 1800s.
What exactly defines one as “insane” versus “sane”, and where is the boundary between the two? Charlotte Perkins Gilman’s “The Yellow Wallpaper” explores exactly that: the short story initially seems to be a tale of a 19th century woman forced into the notorious rest cure popularized at the time by male doctors--however, as the plot progresses, it becomes a much deeper commentary not only on societal limitations imposed on women, but also on the blurred line separating sanity from insanity. Gilman explores the boundary between sanity and insanity with the usage of different literary elements; she expresses how the boundary is “paper-thin” through the usage of symbolism, shows the subtle conversion to insanity by utilizing a stream of consciousness
Neither John nor Jennie pay attention to the speaker and her journaling. In the 1890s and before, postpartum depression had never been taken seriously because women were viewed as too emotional and delicate. Joan Busfield supports this theory with her charts of how many people were admitted into mental hospitals, who were mostly around childbearing age. Sara Harkness writes about women’s emotions and how they are affected before and after childbirth. Verta Taylor discusses the sociological aspect of mental illness, which can connect to postpartum depression.