Four years prior to his second Inaugural Address, President Lincoln had given a speech about war, “an impending civil war.” Now, after four years of such conflict, the President is issuing a speech of reconciliation, trying to convince his people to come back together with their Southern brethren, and try and heal the grievously wounded nation. A gifted rhetorician, the President used three primary literary tool s to make his point: parallel structure to illustrate similarities between Northerner and Southerner, allusions to the Bible to highlight the Christian values so important to both, and personification to paint the war as an evil enemy, and the nation as a wounded friend. In the second paragraph, Lincoln concludes with the parallel statements “one… would make war rather than let the nation survive… the other would accept war rather than let it parish, and the war came.” While this obviously paints the South as the aggressors, it is far from a condemnation, instead it has the North sharing responsibility for the conflict, through their willingness to “accept war.” Later, in the third paragraph, the President states “neither party expected …show more content…
He says in the third paragraph “let us judge not, that we be not judged.” This is a direct allusion to Jesus and his statement “Judge not lest we be judged.” It reflects the Christian values of forgiveness, something North and South share, and that should certainly apply for both in their current situation Lincoln also quotes the Bible twice in the third paragraph, in the sections “woe…cometh” and “the judgements…righteous altogether.” Both these allusions point how the values shared by North and south apply to the current situation. With frequent use of He and Him, Lincoln shows how the war may fall into God’s plan; this encourages both sides to not lose faith, and to bear in mind God’s teachings should still be
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“All dreaded it—all sought to avert it.” He recalls no one desired the war, but nothing could be done to avoid its occurrence. With the country in shambles, Lincoln compels Congress and the people to align their beliefs in order to repair the destruction. He says, “Fondly do we hope—fervently do we pray—that this mighty scourge of war may speedily pass away.” He implores the hearts of the people.
In Abraham Lincoln’s 2nd Inaugural Address to the nation, he delivers a surprisingly short but extremely effective speech to a country deeply divided in the midst of a civil war. The “Great Emancipator” uses a myriad of rhetorical strategies throughout his address, with the hopes that this moving delivery will help mend fences on the path to a unified nation. Lincoln begins his Inaugural Address with a passive voice. He reminds his fellow listeners that: "Both parties deprecated war, but one of them would make war rather than let the nation survive, and the other would accept war rather than let it perish, and the war came” (line 24-27).
In America during the Civil War, people were killing their brothers based on their allegiance. Everybody during that time did not believe that the effects it may have after the war was over. Abraham Lincoln, the 16th president of the United States, knew about these effects, through enlightenment thinkers such as John Locke. Lincoln speech “Gettysburg Address” not only gives hope to the union soldiers but, something much more. He believes that the union will win the war against the south because of the dedication that both the government and the people have done through the use of allusion, ethos and antithesis
In his Second Inaugural Address, President Abraham Lincoln had one purpose; to cast a vision of the nation’s future. To achieve this purpose, Lincoln appeals to the audience’s emotion and includes biblical allusions. By appealing to the audience’s emotion, Lincoln creates a stronger connection which leads to the audience becoming more open, and thus more feasible to Lincoln’s vision. To do this, Lincoln introduces the 2 opposing sides as one audience by using the word “all.” By stating that “all dreaded it, all sought to avert it” (18-19), Lincoln creates a link between the audience and himself which sets up the opportunity to influence the audience’s emotions.
He also expresses that for peace, there must be reconstruction and healing for the country; it was no longer a matter of fighting, but to put aside any hatred. At one point in his speech, he compares the Union and Confederates, saying “Both read the same Bible, and pray to the same God; and each invokes His aid against the other” (Lincoln 302). Accountability is a unique American value that Lincoln addresses because he blames both the Confederates and the Union for the war; comparing each side of the war shows the people that they are much similar than they think. He reads his speech in the United States Capitol, symbolizing the American people; it shows that they are one united nation, even with their differences. Finishing the The Second Inaugural Address, Lincoln expresses his desire for an end to the war and urges the people, “... to do all which may achieve and cherish a just and lasting peace, among ourselves and with all nations” (Lincoln 302).
Lincoln had an approach before the war, between the Union and Confederates, to try to calm down the seceding states and bring them back to the Union. He spoke of how "the property, peace and security of no section are to be in anywise endangered by the now incoming Administration", which at the time seemed valid. He was working his best to avoid war, and seemed to make statements that would work, and had faith that the war was preventable. In Lincoln's Second Inaugural he mentioned how "both parties deprecated war, but one of them would make war rather than let the nation survive, and the other would accept war rather than let it perish, and the war came" which is saying war was unavoidable. During his early presidency he seemed to firmly believe no war was an option, later while the war raged on, Lincoln admits war was unavoidable, which is a huge change for him considering how confident he seemed before the war, laying out how he wasn't a threat, he was to only uphold the
Secondly, Lincoln uses antithesis or the double contrast when he says, “The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here” (Lincoln). The phrases “remember” and “forget” provides double meanings in a single statement. Thirdly, Lincoln also uses allusion by referencing a verse from the Bible, “The days of our years are threescore years and ten” (Psalm 90: 10). Lincoln states that “Fourscore and seven
It’s March 4th of 1865, when Abraham delivered his second Inaugural Address. Standing in the crowd listening to this, I don’t believe a word. Standing with fellow confederate sympathizers I wanted to make a difference for them. Lincoln is wrong and someone needs to change. “I had a splendid chance… to kill the president where I stood” (American Experience: TV's Most-watched History Series).
On paragraph 7 It says “However, Lincoln continues, God may want the war to continue until all the wealth earned from 250 years of slavery is drained. And he may want the war to continue until every drop of blood drawn from an enslaved person is paid for with a drop of soldier’s blood. Even if this is true, Lincoln says, God is still as just and righteous as he’s ever been. Lincoln then concludes with a call to peace.” Lincoln just wanted peace for everyone.
In Abraham Lincoln’s Second Inaugural Address, Lincoln addresses a divided nation. He surprised the nation by presenting a speech without the content of politics but instead one about the effects of the Civil War. It contains neither gloating nor rejoicing, Lincoln uses a tone of determination to motivate both the North and South to come together and mend their broken nation. This address has gone down in history as one of the most effective speeches to have ever occurred and it’s because he uses a myriad of literary devices in his speech. His compassionate attitude/tone, biblical allusions and didactic diction all fuel his speech to drive the people to congregate and restore the nation.
Abraham Lincoln in the speech, The Gettysburg Address, constructs a point of achieving a "just and lasting peace" between the North and South without retribution. Lincoln supports his assertion by justifying his beliefs of unity between the states. Lincoln's purpose is to influence the people to not allow what has been done to go to waste. He wants his audience to realize that this division will only persist if no one settles the current issues in society. Lincoln speaks in a sympathizing, determined tone to address the Americans who are mourning the loss of their loved ones and to the rest of Americans who he wants to see a change from.
“Those who deny freedom to others deserve it not to themselves”-Abraham Lincoln The two texts that we read were Narrative life of Frederick Douglass and Sojourner Truth: Ain’t I A Woman they tell us about their life and what they had to do in order to get their freedom. When there was slavery, it divided people like African Americans and Americans. The people that had freedom were white men and not black men or women.
“In your hands, my dissatisfied fellow-countrymen, and not in mine,” he said, “is the momentous issue of civil war.” That sentence epitomizes Abraham Lincoln’s entire approach to the issue of secession. He considered it a constitutional impossibility, and would never officially concede that it had been successfully accomplished. That’s why, when he directly addressed citizens of the states that three weeks before had installed Jefferson Davis as president of what they claimed to be a separate nation, Lincoln still spoke of them as “my dissatisfied fellow-countrymen.” I think that the speech of Abraham Lincoln is more appealing as he did not considered the South as his
This influences his motivation to move on (move on like in the war). They must move on because they cannot forfeit or give up and put those who lost their lives in vein. Also, the first sentences of the second paragraph talks about the engagement of a civil etc. and so this is partially why Lincoln delivered it. Also as said before he delivered this because after walking around and seeing all those who died, it was only right of him to say some words.
In the speech “Gettysburg Address,” Abraham Lincoln uses repetition to make an emotional appeal to the audience. He underscore to the people to maintain the nation in freedom and to preserve the soldiers who died at the war to fought for independence. For instance, Lincoln said, “We are met on a great battle-field of that war.” and “...we can not dedicate--we can not consecrate--we can not hallow--this ground.” In his speech he repeated the words “we” and “we can not” multiple times.