Hegel wanted to create a philosophy which would allow the whole universe to be perceived and interpreted through the phenomenon of self-consciousness, Hegel held that the Absolute Spirit, i.e. the consciousness that is aware of itself, can be expressed through art, religion, and philosophy with a greater or lesser degree of perfection. Furthermore, each of these categories of the Absolute have their subordinated a priori forms that are displayed in the dialectical formation of the thesis, antithesis, and synthesis. Within the philosophy of the absolute spirit tragedy represents the pinnacle of artistic self-consciousness because the totality of reality manifests itself most adequately in
Functionalism is a theory that states all aspect of a society serve a function. Conflict theory looks at society as if it was a competition. Functionalism is a paradigm based on the assumption that society is a unified whole that functions because of the contributions of its separate structures. Conflict theory is a paradigm that sees social conflict as the basis of society and social change and the emphasizes a materialist view of society a critical view of the status quo and dynamic model of historical change. Symbolic interactionism is a paradigm that sees interaction and meaning as central to society and assumes that meanings are not inherent but are created through interactions.
Instead of making progress, they prefer to return to the old form of society. While Romanticism concentrated on the unique individuality, the Enlightenment focused on the relationship between individual and group which are more realistic for whole world. Different from the passive escaping, the great pioneers in the Enlightenment are brave to challenge the feudal society. For example, Baron de Montesquieu argued that the power needs to be divided in to 3 which could be restricted by each other. Also, John Locke, one of the most influential Enlightenment thinkers, founded his social contract.
International institutions, as either formal organizations (NATO or UN), or as informal regimes (non-proliferation treaty, GATT), play a more important role in determining state relations than do hegemonic state or brute force. Moreover, neoliberalism holds that transnational contacts and interdependence in global issues due to technological advances have transformed the very definition of national interests. Under this view, states are important rational actors who cooperate to achieve absolute gains. Thus, unlike neorealists who characterize states as interested in rational gains, neoliberals characterize states as utility-maximizers, actors who will entertain cooperation so long as it promises absolute gains in their
In the scope of government, this style of leadership can be referred to as statesmanship. In Federalist 70, Publius calls for a strong executive in order to provide the robust energy needed to maintain the republic. A strong executive can prioritize the country itself over the law of the country, thus going against popular and accepted opinion to do what is best for the country. This behavior of putting the country’s needs over the desires of the public is the key aspect in the statesmanship style of leadership. Furthermore, the statesman is more focused on the long-term impacts that their decisions will make on the institution rather than the immediate satisfaction of the public because the well-being and longevity of the institution is prioritized over what the public desires.
After analyzing both philosophers, it should be that a government should be established based on human's nature to sin, but Locke’s ideas are perceived to be more developed in a realistic government applied today. If no form of government was established it can be argued what the overall outcome
Foucault’s conception of power is a wide analysis. He moves away from notions which is set to power in a more binary way of domination and force. Power can be as a set of relationships existing everywhere in all sides of our lives from a more small level or to a larger level. Foucault’s analysis suggests that power is the omnipresent and can be found in all social interactions. First, let’s start off by understanding one of his notions.
This leads the concepts of power to shift away from theories that associate power with just the economy and the state. It thus moves towards an ideal beneath which power functions at the most micro level of social relations (Gaventa, 2003). This is a pro because instead of ignoring the power hierarchies between individuals and the various power dynamics within society, Foucault essentially focuses on them. Other critiques have failed to mention historical contextualisation and have been inclined to occur in isolation from questions that regard the broader production of knowledge (Hook, 2004). This helps us to understand power relations and hierarchies better within society.
However, it is not a closed off system, it draws statements from and into other discourses. A discourse in this understanding is not based on the classical distinction between thought and action, it “(…) is about the production of knowledge through language. But it is itself produced by a practice: “discursive practice” – the practice of producing meaning” (Hall, 2006:165). It follows that because all social practices involve meaning, all practices necessarily have a discursive side. A discourse is comparable to what sociologists would call an ‘ideology’.
The author arguing Hegel’s personality theory could argue that they themselves have also invested labour, skill and capital although lesser than the original author, but their work is an extension of their will and personhood. However, there are problems that may arise for the application of personality theory the first being recognition of will of the author by others and rights of the author such as alienation of the property. According to Hegel, the work must reflect the personal traits of the author and the same must be recognized by the society further, he says that, will and personal traits are inherent to an individual and they do not have the right to alienate their property. And, the problem does not end there today only arguing that a copied work is