The fourteenth amendment was formed, when the Civil War had just came to a finish, which defeated the Confederacy. Abraham Lincoln, who was president at the time, had declared the slaves freed at the end of the war; but there were still a lot of questions concerning the former Confederates and what the status of slaves in the country would become. Congress shaped the Reconstruction Amendments which included the thirteenth, fourteenth and fifteenth amendments to the constitution. The thirteenth amendment was ratified in December of 1865 and put an end to slavery in the United States. This new law stated that slaves were no longer the property of the people, but the new law did not answer questions about the new rights that they were now definite.
Woodrow Wilson, the 28th president of the United States, once said, “The Constitution was not made to fit us like a straight jacket. In its elasticity lies its chief greatness.” In 1787 the delegates from twelve out of thirteen sates attended the Constitutional Convention. They threw away the Articles of Confederation and wrote Constitution of the United States. Many residences were hesitant to the sudden change, but as time went along people came around to the fact that the Constitution was useful. Although the Constitution is viewed as completely binding, it does allow for changes to be made, giving it flexibility to the changing times.
Freedom of speech allows Americans say what they would like to say without getting in trouble. There are a few exceptions such as no slander, threats, national security and some pornography. This means you can’t go around hurting people’s reputations and life with lies. You also are not allowed to give threats and share government secrets. Say if you had been in the Federal Bureau of Investigation and then you left your job, you still cannot tell the secrets of the government for the reason of national security.
Objections that the prosecution and/or defense should have been made. On page 1, line 22 the objection would be that under Federal Rule of Evidence Rules 405(a) and 608(a). There can only be testimony as to a point of view or the character and not testimony in support of the point of view. Leading to the questioning of the witness to his point of view, of his reputation is the witness' statement of the point of view that is not permitted. On page 2, lines 12 and 13 with reference to the statement of the witness with respect to Mr. Michelson's “reputation is very good in the community...who will never start an argument and never hold a grudge against anyone”; Federal Rule of Evidence Rules 405(a) and 608(a).
“In case of the removal of the President from office or of his death or resignation, the Vice President shall become President.” In other words if the President dies in office, the Vice President will undertake the position in presidency. 26th Amendment Sets the age of 18 years as the minimum voting age, and prohibits states and federal government from denying one the right to vote on account of age at or above set minimum. The slogan “Old Enough to Fight, Old Enough to Vote” was largely used, during time of
During this time, Spain used brutal measures in stopping the rebellion, and various sensational newspapers in the United States showed this, leading to Americans developing sympathy for the Cuban rebels. The aim of this essay is discussing the Spanish-American War, looking at the causes of the war, the winner, as well as the consequences. The war began as Cuba struggled to gain its independence from Spain. Through this time, the U.S journalists published the brutal ways Spain used in fighting the Cubans. The U.S thus developed a growing interest in coming up with an intervention for saving the Cubans from the brutality of Spain.
The Thirteenth Amendment was without a doubt a standout amongst the most noteworthy revisions to the United States Constitution. It was the accumulating occasion of our own common strife; it laid the course for the remaking and set into movement different groundbreaking changes to the constitution. The Thirteenth Amendment is the enactment that for the last time made the slave trade unlawful in the Unites States of America. The Thirteenth Amendment prepared the Fourteenth Amendment, which would give all people born or naturalized in the United States citizenship inside both their nation and state. This helped the formation of other amendments such as the Fifteenth Amendment, which gave African American 's the right to vote.
The 13th Amendment was important because it created a constitutional amendment that banned slavery in all of the United States. The Emancipation Proclamation freed many slaves but, did not result in the total abolition of slavery in the U.S. Emancipation Proclamation did free slaves in states that fought on the side of the Confederacy in the civil war, however states in the side of the Union were not legally bound under the law to free slaves. The 13th Amendment called for the abolishment of slavery in the United States in total. The 13th Amendment broke the ice for state level and federal laws civil laws evolving past the current barbaric ones, allowed for the Fourteenth amendment and Fifteenth amendment to be added to the Constitution.
The Alien Enemies Act while similar to the previous act, gave the president authority to deport or imprison any male citizen of a hostile nation during war as long as they were over the age of fourteen. Lastly the Sedition Act restricted free speech among the people which violated people’s protection granted under the first amendment of the constitution. However during this time the practice of the Judicial Review was still in its early stages and therefore not always effective. These acts were ultimately what helped the democrats defeat the Federalists during the election of 1800. The Sedition Act was allowed to expire in 1800 and the Alien Friends Act in 1801.
While those with lesser number of seats revived a smaller number of votes. These electors then get to vote to decide which candidate will be the next president and vice president. As voters go to the polling station and vote they are actually voting for the electors who are attached to the presidential candidates. This means that American citizens are not directly voting for the President (Electoral college, 2010). First, let's discuss some of the advantages of the electoral college.
The ‘Civil War’ Amendments The 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments were all deemed to be the Civil War amendments. In the US Constitution of 1787 US Constitution Amendment Abolishes slavery & involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime. It was passed by the Senate on April 8, 1864, by the House on January 31, 1865, and adopted by the States on December 6, 1865. On December 18, 1865, Secretary of State William H. Seward proclaimed it to have been enacted. It was the first of the three Reconstruction Amendments adopted following the American Civil War.
After the Civil War, the Reconstruction Era began. It was a time of great turmoil between Southerners and Northerners who both sought for what they believe and wanted, one side seeking equal freedom for everyone and the other seeking to prohibit that. They both sought for Reconstruction but in different manners, ultimately leading to several successful achievements and numerous failures. Reconstruction was first underway at the end of the Civil War, when President Abraham Lincoln introduced the Ten Percent Plan. The Ten Percent Plan was a three part proposal that involved forgiving all Southerners except high ranking Confederate government and military leaders, it required ten percent of votes from the population in the next election, and lastly the emancipation of the slaves.
The new 15th amendment states a list of reasons that a state cannot allow an individual to vote. This list consist of reasons like race, ethnicity, social class, and things such as previous servitude. The typical male that was allowed to vote and seen as a full citizen was a male that was white, free, and 21 years or older. As all of these amendments were past in the effort to give blacks their full citizenship nothing seemed to
Since my level of observation is country, I cannot randomly assign groups to the treatment group and the control group. Also, I cannot conduct a pretest because presidential term-limit always exists. For level of observation, I confine samples to countries within South America in order to match legal-origin, which is also referred as a predictor of corruption (Treisman 2000). All South American countries share British Common law origin and have presidency. Also, I exclude countries in the specific year which are considered as dictatorship based on DemocracyDictatorship(DD) Index.6 Since my hypothesis deals with first-term presidents only, I exclude countries in which the president is under his or her second-term or
Pinckney said, “How far do you intend to go in reducing the power of the states?” (Page 69). This shows that there was a balance that had to be found. Some of the topics they debated on where topics such as the president 's salary and how to prevent against sectional favoritism. The largest topic, however, was on how the president should be elected. One of the first struggles the men encountered was on who should elect the president.