Their enslavement in Egypt resulted in the loss of their faith, over generations and generations during enslavement, God was forgotten. They went on to adopt the polytheistic gods of Egypt, which use idols as a tool of worship. This cultural history of polytheism seems to be a contributing factor as to why the Israelites are so quick to turn to Aaron to create an idol to channel their faith. The Golden Calf was simply them referring to what they are familiar with, but the Israelites don’t stop there, this creation of the Golden Calf also signifies their descent into hedonism. Some of their baser instincts seem to come out with the creation of this idol.
The ziggurat was an urban hub of administration, civics, politics, and public life topped by a religious center; the temple. The Priest Kings, who had divine right of rule through their deities, could commune with the gods in this temple. These Priest Kings were a symbolic bridge between the people and their gods. In contrast, the Egyptian Pharaohs were considered to actually be gods. They were divine beings who inhabited a human form for a period of time before continuing into the afterlife.
These burial rituals were especially important for pharaohs who were desperately trying to please the gods and make it to the afterlife. These rituals were often performed by professionals, making them so expensive and only able to be purchased by royalty. Burial ceremonies were thought of as a way to guide the spirit from one life to the next. They believed that each and every person’s soul was composed of many different parts. To name a few, the Khat was the physical body, the Ren was their hidden name, and the Shuyet was known to be the shadow form of oneself.
One of the biggest changes Akhenaten made was shifting the primary worship away from the god Amun, and focused on the god of the sun, Aten. His father also ordered the images of other Egyptian gods be destroyed, which upset many Egyptians. After giving the order to destroy all images, Akhenaten also had the temples of the different gods destroyed or closed. Although the Egyptian people were probably happy to hear of Akhenaten’s death, his young son was not ready to ascend to the throne (“King Tut”
Military conflicts, from past to present, have also played an integral part in shaping Egypt’s society. Once ruled by a Pharaoh, bordered by seas, and protected by a harsh climate, ancient Egypt did not protect its civilians with an adequately prepared military force. Therefore, ancient Egypt experienced its first defeat in battle against Hyskos. This defeat led to the building of an improved militant force to protect the Pharaoh and Egypt’s citizens. By sharing ideas with other regions and utilizing a new technology to build better weapons, battle weapons grew to include bows and arrows, shields, sickle swords, daggers, and spears made from bronze, stone, and iron.
Ancient civilizations were mostly built upon religions and philosophy due to lack of knowledge. For example, ancient Egyptians or Mesopotamians were polytheistic and they had thousands of gods. In a modern world, it may sound absurd to have thousands of gods each of whom has special abilities and functions for the people. Although both the Egyptians and Mesopotamians were polytheistic, one of the most significant difference between the two population was that the Mesopotamians did never believe in after-life. They considered the gods as ones that love and respects their people.
It changed politically, economically, and socially. It is hard to imagine a civilization like this started with a man who was a merchant then became a prophet and had followers. Till this day Islam religion is looked down upon due to its violent nature. In addition, there are approximately one billion people in Islam religion which is a big amount. A lot of Muslim people are discriminated because they are automatically put into the same category as Islam religion.
It is not certain that these events are 100% true, but they show the divine teniousity that the Jewish people have engraved into their society. The history teaches others to always firmly fight for what is right, and shows the struggle of this cultures very existence. One of the largest figures in the Tanakh is Abraham, who was seen as the founder of Jewish/Hebrew history. He was born around 1800 BCE in the city of Ur, Babylonia. His father, Terach, was an idol merchant that worshipped many gods.
The practices of Egyptian religion were efforts to provide for the gods and gain their favor. Of which the Ancient Pyramids start to symbolize the ancient man’s triumphs, but to the ancient Egyptians, they symbolized the being of creation; “the primordial mound from which life arose” (El Mahdy, Christine). The king of Egypt,
The pyramid also had two changes one was the construction of a Grand Gallery and the other a temple. Nothing in Egypt has ever been more surveyed/measured (“Khufu”). Because of the massive size of the pyramid this showed that he had a lot of ability to command and mobilize a worker. This pyramid was also not built by slave labor but the project was from defrayed taxes which were paid in the forms of service. One of the more interesting things about the pyramid is that Khufu did not choose the highest spot to build a pyramid rather his son Khafre choose that spot, this made his pyramid look bigger than Khufu’s (“Guardians Egypt”).
The Old Kingdom was created when a king named Menes united Upper and Lower Egypt. The people obeyed and respected the king to maintain cosmic order. Disrespecting the king was considered to be like disrespecting a god. Later on, Egypt was divided into provinces governed by a nomarch. Eventually, the Old Kingdom fell apart and Egypt went into a time of disorder.
Although the other societies were successful, they did not fit my liking. The Mayan society was the oldest of the societies and was more ornate. The reason I would not enjoy this is because the Mayans were very ritual. The Aztecs, like the Mayans were very ritual and sacrifice people to their god. Again there is to many rituals for me in the Aztecs beliefs.