1700’s British colonies made up most of America. These colonists generated a lot of money by growing and exporting lumber, fishing, doing work as blacksmiths, and many other jobs. But when the French and Indian War had ended in 1763, Britain was heavily in debt. To pay off all this debt Britain started passing many acts, to make money off of the colonists. There were many different acts which included The Stamp Act of 1765, which required colonists to purchase postage and include the stamps with documents and paper goods.
There were many causes for the outbreak of the American Revolution. Following the French and Indian War, the American colonies were taxed heavily by Great Britain with acts such as the Stamp Acts and the Townshend Acts. Britain felt that the taxes were just because they believed the colonists were at fault for the war when they moved into the Ohio River Valley and so the war was fought for colonial protection. However, the colonists felt differently, believing that the taxes were unjust and infringed on their rights. This is due to the fact that the colonists had no one to represent them in Parliament, effectively giving them no say in whether or not they would be taxed.
Like the North, the Confederacy borrowed an immense amount of money in order to be able to pay for the war. However, since Congress was planter-dominate, they would not impose heavy taxes that planters would have to pay for. Instead, they printed an immense number of paper money. Congress allowed military officers to hijack goods and pay citizens with that money; many southerners extremely disliked these attacks and in some cities, food riots were started. Nearly 100,000 men had abandoned the Confederate army by the end of the war.
American colonists had no thoughts about unifying the colonies. However, they had already developed a sense of identity. Colonists had many attempts to unify the colonies, but most failed. Before the beginning of the American Revolutionary War, English colonists developed their sense of identity, such as being an American, loyalist and patriot, and unity between the colonies. In the middle of the 18th century, colonists already developed a strong sense of identity.
Following the War of 1812, America entered a period known as the Antebellum Era, meaning "before the Civil War," which lasted from 1815 to 1861. This period was characterized by the Market Revolution, which saw the birth of American capitalism and caused major social and economic change. From the year 1815 to 1850, slavery remained an established institution, economic change in the North East led to industrialization which in turn caused other economic and social changes, and a shift in America's social climate caused the growth of the abolitionist movement. One change that transformed American society was industrialization. Prior to the War of 1812, American society was mostly comprised of yeoman farmers who subsisted through trade and barter,
Along with all of the money that was spent to protect these colonies, there were still ten thousand troops maintained in the American colonies every year. The colonies had, and still were, reaping the benefits of being citizens of the British Empire while Great Britain was taking care of all of the costs. George Grenville, the Prime Minister of Parliament in 1763, did not appreciate the fact that England was paying the bill for the protection of the American colonists while they were gaining so much from the placement of troops there. In 1763, the time had come to “pay the piper,” and the most logical way to do this was to tax the
The issue of slavery was a significant “thorn in the side” of America from the very inception of our nation. Despite the fact that slavery was an accepted legal phenomenon in the eighteenth century, it also invoked significant controversy. Many Americans, typically those denizens of the southern states, felt that slavery was an indispensable economic necessity. Alternatively, others opined that slavery was an inherently immoral and unethical institution which denied certain races basic human rights, and as such warranted abolition, no matter the consequences. Although the Constitution never mentions the word “slave” once, slavery is referenced to in the Constitution several times, in three prominent compromises that our founding fathers were forced to make, for the sake of the establishment of a unified nation.
As the world of global exploration and colonization grew, many powerful European empires set out to see what the New World had in store for them. Each empire had their own individual agendas and incentives for colonization. This led to the many differences between methods of colonization and exploration in every colony and region. The Atlantic World portrayed these contrasts between the Spanish, French, Dutch and British empires. However, the British settlements along the Eastern seaboard differed the most from those of other empires because there were no established policies or methods in British colonization, which led to differences in the economics and culture of each colony depending on who settled it.
The original Thirteen Colonies in America can be divided into three different regions, the New England colonies, the middle colonies, and the southern colonies. All these colonies have different traits and attributes that set them apart. An example of how colonies are similar yet different are the middle colonies and the southern colonies. One difference between the middle colonies and the southern colonies that was stated in the video is that the middle colonies were the only colonies that were not originally found by England. Another difference between the middle and southern colonies that the video mentioned was that the middle colonies kept better relationships with the Natives by bartering with the Native Americans for land while the
XV century inaugurated the start of the European Expansion with Portugal and Spain being the first most successful countries in discovering and colonizing new lands. Spanish colonization of America, without any doubt, was one of the most important events of that period. Stories about lands with many wonderful goods, spices, and other riches encouraged European men, who wanted to enrich themselves and find a better life over the sea, to travel and explore, claiming new lands to become dominions of the sponsoring party, in this case, the Crown of Spain. Christopher Columbus’ first voyage, backed by Queen Isabella of Castile, aimed to find a route to Asia through the West, but was not successful in its goal. However, the result of this unprecedented voyage was more than revolutionary: it discovered the New World.
The American Civil War was intended to preserve the Union but ended in a war for emancipation for slaves. This process was a gradual one used for military tactics and ultimately to ensure a vision of free man was accomplished. April 12th, 1861 was the start of a four year long battle that would revolutionize the United States of America. Abraham Lincoln played a huge role in this war that began and ended with different motives.
During the thousands of years before the arrival of European contact, the Native American people developed an inventive and creative culture. They had created a very well round colonization among the extensive land. The year 1492 the Spaniards allowed for Christopher Columbus's voyage of discovery began a series of developments. Columbus traveling in hopes of finding faster route to Asia for trade and riches. While he never truly ended up there, the new found land was viewed as an opportunity for new riches.
After the revolutionary war, the colonial people of the United States were in severe debt. According to the textbook Enduring Vision by Paul S. Boyer, et al. “The Massachusetts legislature, dominated by commercially minded elites, voted early in 1786 to pay off its revolutionary debt in three years” (Boyer, et al.). Many of the people, unable to pay within this timeframe were asked to pay their debts in “hard currency” (Boyer, et al.). With these high stakes, and with the inability to pay their debts, revolts broke out in protest of the common tax hikes of the period.