Competing perspectives and human decisions led to violent conflicts throughout the 20th century. By analyzing different perspectives of the countries that are blamed for starting Cold War and the ideologies that were imposed in the other countries. Two different political systems led to further conflicts of the Cold War. The Soviet Union during the Cold War was a communist country. Stalin wanted to expand the spirit of communism in the world.
Nations like the middle east, Afghanistan, and Africa were greatly affected. These conflicting ideologies are main factors that led to the cold war, which destroyed many economies and nations, cost many lives, and the suffering of middle eastern countries. Both the United States and Soviet Union thought their ideologies and political views were the best solution for Europe and the rest of the world. The
Under the term ‘external pressure’ Truman implied the expansion of USSR. The Truman Doctrine must also be considered in general as the policy of deterrence, whose author was George Kennan, one of the diplomats who once worked in Moscow and published in the Foreign Affairs journal an article on the need to contain the expansionist tendencies of the USSR. The Truman Doctrine existed in one form or another virtually throughout the entire Cold War period. However, it is worth to highlight two episodes - the war in Korea, which in the opinion of some researchers led to the truly global US policy and the Vietnam War, which in its turn sufficiently changed the views of the American ruling elite. The aim of this essay is to analyze the text of the Truman Doctrine and its application in practice.
The Cold War & The Rise and Fall of the Berlin Wall The Berlin wall was far more than just a physical barrier that separated East and West Berlin, it was symbolic of the boundary between Capitalism and Communism. Stemmed from lasting tensions of The Cold War, the Russian’s divided the German city of Berlin into two sides, not only creating political tensions, but cultural rifts and great tales of escape, too. The origins of the Berlin Wall came directly from what is now known as the Cold War, which originated from tensions following WW2. During the second World War, the United States and the Soviet Union fought together as allies against the Axis powers. However, the relationship between the two nations was a tense one.
Cold War Legacies What were the main effects of the Cold War on the world and humanity? The cold war stemmed from a deep rivalry between superpowers America and the Soviet Union. Escalated by a lack of trust from each party and threats of nuclear warfare the cold war affected the security of the whole world and humanity. The main effects of the cold war are often seen as ‘legacies’ left by the war, and are most evident in international systems, politics, economics, warfare, and the failure of human rights. The cold war resulted in a change of international systems.
In his “Moscow and the Marshall Plan”, published in 1994, Geoffrey Roberts seems to have combined his research interests by writing about the origins of the Cold War and particularly the role of the USSR in it. To be more precise, he argues that the ideological shift within the Soviet Union after the World War II with the following misinterpretation of the U.S. foreign policy in general and the Marshall Plan in particular led to the USSR “embarking on its Cold War” (Roberts 1381; italics added); i.e. since “Soviet ideology, like any other, was more than a set of beliefs”, but “a language of political communication” (1382), it influenced the USSR’s reception of the Marshall Plan and led to the eventual estrangement of the two superpowers and, finally, to the Cold War. He also argues that prior to 1947 both sides – the USSR, as well as the USA – were trying to cooperate and coexist peacefully with each other (Roberts 1382).Thus, as well as Leffler, Roberts does not seem to believe in the inevitability of the Cold War proceeding only from the mutual exclusiveness of the USA’s and the USSR’s ideological natures from the very beginning. Yet, as already mentioned, the author claims that ideology was the main reason why the Soviet Union did eventually launch the conflict.
The Cold War a time of political tension between the United States and Russia. The Western and Eastern fronts have different ideologies and since, “The West tended to overate Soviet power and hostility, which created hysteria, NATO was set up as a defense gesture by the Western Powers based on the fear of Russian aggression. In the States, President Truman initiated a document to stop the spread of Communism” (Knudtzon, “Eastern Europe: 1945-1989). The Western front was afraid of the Soviet Union because they were Communists. The democratic countries did not want Communism to spread to their countries and threaten their democracy.
The Cold War refers to the hostile political relations between the Soviet bloc countries, and the US-led Western powers from 1945-1991, resulting from ideological and political differences (http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/us/definition/american_english/cold-war). It is considered one of the most important events of the 20th century, and its effect can still be seen in contemporary world affairs. The Cold War was characterized by the omnipresent feeling of distrust, suspicion and fear. In the United States, this culture of fear was often called the Red Scare, or the era of McCarthyism. It was most prominent during the early fifties, but started to die down when Senator McCarthy was discredited and relations between the US and USSR thawed.
Joseph Stalins policies on the brink of the Cold War were primarily motivated by Communist ideology and the search for security and influence, but its equally as important to understand the threat the United States posed to Stalin and the Soviets. In analyzing the motivations of Stalin and the Soviets its important to understand the events leading up to the Cold War and two “spheres of influence” that controlled world power at this time and would eventually lead to conflict. In analyzing Stalins policies in Eastern and Central Europe from 1944 to 1953 I will focus on three main areas in addressing this question: First, the two spheres of influence and how they came to power. Second, highlight communist ideologies that motivated Stalin in gaining world supremacy. And, third the defense of the Soviet Union and how they simply were protecting themselves through security and influence.
Following the Second World War, tension began to rise between the democratic America and the communistic, war-torn Soviet Union. As America and the USSR entered the Cold War, fear of communism and its encroachment spread like fire through the rebuilding American public. The panic instilled by such fear leads not only to a hunt for all person and qualities associated with Communism, but also a period of disillusionment and spiritual desertion. Scared of standing out and being assumed as a communist, the people of the mid-1900s forced themselves to conform to the social and political standards of the day. The Levett towns built all across the suburbs, the moms that never worked but stayed at home to take care of the children, and the men—dressed