“If, in a state that lacked constitutional balance, one class or one interest gained control…. It would plunder all interests (Hofstadter 57).” This shows the fathers knew social classes had to stand for a reason. Without social classes the population would slowly turn into a communist government by demanding equal assets. The rich have to stay rich and the poor must stay poor, otherwise there may be an uprising. “....fearful the poor would plunder the rich… (they) admitted that the rich, unrestrained, would also plunder the poor (Hofstadter 57).” One class can not have too much power because it would lead to an anarchy.
The horrible working conditions in various industries caused respiratory and other problems for the workers which called for strikes for better working conditions. The socialists started posing a challenge to the capitalists as they demanded a proper division of wealth. The highs were too high and the lows were too low in the Gilded Age which was not tolerable. This led to the creation of labor unions which demanded economic freedom and industrial democracy. The government had been siding with the rich capitalists who were helping in flourishing the economy of the country.
Was the Revolution Really Revolutionary? The Revolutionary War was truly, not revolutionary because the women did not get the rights they deserved until over 100 years later, slavery was not abolished and African Americans did not get rights until 1865 and 1965 respectively, and people who were poor had no more legislative representation after the “Revolution” that they did prior to this war. As seen in Document 7, during the Revolutionary War, Abigail Adams wrote a letter to her husband, John Adams, who had much political power and money asking him to “Remember the ladies” and be “more generous and favorable” to them. She also noted that the women “have no voice or representation” in the colonies and that it needs to change. This was in 1776.
Abolitionism Assessment Abolitionism was unpopular even in the north at first; during the time of the Constitution of Convention of 1789, there were hardly any abolitionists and northerners preferred to think of slaves as property to keep the South from gaining power through the vote. Abolitionists were outcasts because they threatened stability. Northerners “had been brought up to revere the Constitution and to regard the clauses on slavery as a lasting bargain” (359). There was also a fear of succession with the economic interest many northerners had in the south in the form of unpaid loans. Despite initial unpopularity, later circumstances caused abolitionism to grow in strength.
However, this law was meaningless because it went unenforced as seen in the 1911 Triangle Shirtwaist Company incident which led to the death of a multitude of women workers. These limitations by such reforms although negative and the opposite of protection for women workers as established by the Muller v. Oregon case led to much stricter laws such as a regulation of hours and conditions for sweatshops and worker compensation laws. In this sense, women faced several limitations while trying to become more prominent in the progressive community, however their defeat and
Even though America was meant to be a classless society, economic classes still separate people to a great extent in the 1920’s. In The Great Gatsby and the Twenties, by Ronald Berman, Berman explains that both Nick and Gatsby want to change their lives through hard work and success, (Berman p83) which seems as American as can be. However, those who were born rich never truly accept those who worked hard to become upper-class. When Tom tries to insult Gatsby, he calls him “Mr. Nobody from Nowhere”(Fitzgerald p130), suggesting that even after Gatsby puts in years of effort to become rich, even after he makes a small fortune, the fact that he was not born upper class is enough to make him “less” in some people’s eyes.
To make the matter worse between 1885 and 1900 the Supreme Court restricted the right of the government to regulate corporations by ruling that manufacturing did not fall under the jurisdiction of the federal government because it was not “commerce”(Jansson, 2005). The emergence of the middle and upper-class movement has also gradually taken shape as the industry continues to grow and impact the social life, society, and people in general. These classes were aspired to deal with the growing influence and mistreatment of the industrial system which adversely affects the poor and immigrants. Not only middle and upper class were concerned about the immoral and unjust deeds of the industrialist, but powerful political figures also shared the concern. Teddy Roosevelt expressed his concern to his successor about the alarming social condition of the poor and unregulated influence of the rich (Ehrenreich, 1985).
The women wanted to limit the number of work hours for women. The Women’s Trade Union League pushed for minimum wage and eight hour work days. Along with fair working environments, women also started the Temperance Movement. The Temperance Movement was to try to pass the 18th Amendment, which prohibited the use, sale, transport, and production of alcohol. They did this because, their husbands would spend all of their paychecks on alcohol, and not be able to provide for the family.
America is at an impasse with itself over the current unemployment rate and questions about where all the jobs are going. According to Elizabeth Dwoskin, most of these job positions, considered dirty, are being filled by immigrants and not Americans. Americans have found themselves in an uproar about migrant workers taking jobs away from them, but it seems they are hypocritical as they refuse to fill these jobs themselves. In her article “Why Americans Won 't Do Dirty Jobs,” Dwoskin implies that Americans are too lazy to do hard work but complain when immigrants fill these positions. It seems that even when Americans are faced with the threat of homelessness they claim they cannot find any jobs, or rather, they refuse to do the dirty ones.
This time called for the elimination of monopolies, and by doing so, competition increases and the power of the business elite decreases. With a rising middle class living in fear of the controlling and powerful business elite and political machines, the government needed to intervene. Therefore, in the late 1890’s the government passed the Sherman Antitrust Act which banned industrial monopolies that limited competition. The law sought to increase competition of the sale of items and goods, thereby helping the middle and lower classes earn money without fear of dominance of the wealthy elite and trusts. However, the act had little effect because the wording was so vague.
Abuse to the Constitution America was never really the land of liberty, the country were the color of your skin or the god you believe in made a difference to how you will be treated. In the 1920s all these rights were nowhere in sight, as for African Americans were still discriminated, immigrants were not trusted, and government officials decided what Americans would or wouldn 't drink. Although the roaring twenties, as they are reffered to, were mostly remembered to be filled with jazz, drinks, and flappers, the truth is another. Thousands of immigrants came to the United States after WWI due to the immense poverty and hoping for a brighter future. Americans began to fear immigrants, believing they came to the United States to take revenge
For the workers, there is no reward that compensates for their hard work. They are confined to work for a very little wage. The wretched working class was constrained to be poor whereas the rich became richer. The market revolution changed the America system and its beliefs, in the hope of new opportunities for jobs. This was a new era of work, where families no longer work in farms, and people are migrating to the cities where the works are.
This section was centered around the gilded age. This age was most notable for its corruption and inactivity in the government. Questions of whether democracy could succeed in a time that was dominated by wealthy men and powerful industrial corporations that would bribe people for the betterment of themselves. These corporations caused a lot of people to want political and economic reform. Political parties were so evenly divided during this time that no laws were able to be passed.