A diplomatic decision that was presented to the world at the right time during history. It emphasized United States’ decision to fight against injustice and protect the independent Western nations. President Monroe’s message to Congress, declaring opposition to European colonization in the Western Hemisphere became the cornerstone of 19th century American statesmanship. (The Monroe Doctrine: Empire and Nation in Nineteenth-Century America). The Monroe doctrine had long lasting effects on the foreign relations and served as a backdrop for important early 20th century events such as entrance into World War I, and the establishment of the League of
Social Darwinism itself is the ideology of Herbert Spencer. Spencer was another historian that justified imperialism. He believed in survival of the fittest. In order to survive America had to keep conquering and gaining territory, money, power and resources so that she could be the fittest. Spencer was known as the revolutionist of society.
Another major event was when the Declaration of Independence was established. The Second Continental Congress declared that the 13 colonies were marked independent from Britain. However, the American Revolution continued because the British did not want to have the American colonies taken away from them. On September 19, 1777 and October 7, 1777, the Battles of Saratoga were fought and it marked a turning point for the Revolutionary War. After both of these battles occurred, John Burgoyne, who was the British commander, surrendered to the American troops.
Politically, the United States influenced the world through ways such as the Treaty of Paris of 1898. Economically, the U.S. influenced the world by impacting things such as the Open Door policy, and by allowing Hawaii’s sugar cane to enter the U.S. duty-free. Lastly, the United States impacted the world militarily through ways such as winning wars, more specifically the “splendid little war”, and the Spanish-American war. Overall the U.S. had a large impact when it came to the world in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, and would later play an even large one when the world would face the war to end all
The British captured Louisburg and dealt the final blow to the French when they captured Quebec in 1759. The war finally ended in 1763 with the Treaty of Paris which allowed the British to keep Canada as well as gain Florida, but in return the French were allowed to keep the West Indian sugar islands and Spain received Louisiana ("French and Indian War"). The French and Indian war greatly impacted the relationship between England and the American colonies causing tension between the two for many years and eventually resulting in the Revolutionary war. During the Great War for Empire England accrued a sizeable debt and believed that the colonies should do their part in helping to pay it off. The colonists were against the rising taxes at home and England was offended by this because they believed the war was mainly fought for their benefit.
In the past the United States is known for its notorious habit to take other people’s land. A particular case is Cuba. Cuba was apart of Spain but the United states wanted to capture Cuba and help them gain independence. The action that took place with Panama after a long war and a struggling government the United states also lended a hand to Panama and tried to build the canal. Lending a hand isn’t a problem but when you are trying to take over the country it then becomes a problem.
The Americans condemned the British Empire restricting their trade and taking sailors to serve on the British side. Lastly, the United States was avid to prove their independence from the British Empire. Before 1812, Indiana’s territorial governor William Henry Harrison led U.S. troops to victory in the Battle of Tippecanoe. Consequently, this defeat convinced many Indians that they needed British support to prevent American settlers moving them further from their land. Pressure was mounting on the President at that time John Madison.
After accomplishing this objective, the United States adopted ‘Open Door Policy’ to China along with imperial power England and Russia. Meanwhile, he adopted big-stick diplomacy in the Caribbean. 2.13 Roosevelt’s Corollary & Big Stick Diplomacy 1901-1909 Theodore Roosevelt was ‘a garrulous Rough Raider’ in Cuba during the 1898 war. He was one of the great persuaders of Spanish-American ‘Splendid Little War.’ To justify the Cuban war, once he said, ‘they (Rough Raiders-author) were ‘children of dragon’s blood,
Introduction The signing of the Anglo-Irish Treaty on December 6, 1921 brought the Irish War of Independence to conclusion, halting the guerrilla warfare between forces from the Irish Republic and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Unfortunately, the explicit terms of the Anglo-Irish Treaty of 1921 generated a mass amount of tension within Ireland, specifically between Irish Republicans. Ultimately, I believe the Irish Civil War came about as a conflict over whether or not to accept the terms of the Anglo-Irish Treaty. The war engaged in two forms of warfare—conventional and guerrilla—the first lasting from June to August of 1922 and the latter from September 1922 to April of 1923. Routine acts of war officially began with seizure of the Four Courts in June , and for roughly 10 months, the pro-Treaty and anti-Treaty forces fought restlessly, ending in a pro-Treaty victory and the ratification of an Irish Free State .