During the mid and late 1800s imperialism was alive and well in the United States. It was not enough for America to have acquired massive tracts of land throughout the late 1800s, such as Alaska and Hawaii, Guam, and Puerto Rico. The idea of imperialism and the Monroe Doctrine called for more land and limited European intervention in the Western Hemisphere. Ultimately the imperialistic eye of the United States had to eventually turn to Cuba, an area under Spain’s control that represented tremendous opportunity to fuel the growing imperialist machine that was America. The Monroe Doctrine could not tolerate Spanish control over Cuba, forbidding European intervention in the Western Hemisphere. This factor, coupled with the United States’ desire …show more content…
The United States was in no way justified in going to war with Spain politically because its true motivations were simply to destroy Spain’s presence in the Western Hemisphere and develop an even more hegemonic power in the Western world. Like many other presidents, McKinley wanted to implement the Monroe Doctrine. McKinley and Congress began the Spanish-American War simply to gain popularity with the American public, for they were sympathetic towards the idea of war, and to help the United States gain control of the Western world. Adherence to the Monroe Doctrine in no way justified going to war with Spain, as Spain had nothing to due with motivating the conflict politically and it began simply due to hegemonic ideals held by political …show more content…
It is true that Spain was treating Cubans exceptionally harshly. However, after the United States took control of Cuba, it did little to ameliorate the treatment of the Cubans, although before and during the war the U.S. government had promised the American public and Spain that it would. The true drive for taking Cuba away from Spanish control was to guarantee implementing the Monroe Doctrine ensuring America’s hegemonic expansion. America’s true motivations can be seen in the Platt Amendment truly giving any freedom the United States had promised Cuba into the hands of the American government. The fact was that America was not ridding Cuba of an oppressor. Instead, America was just replacing the Spanish oppressor with
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The Spanish-American war commenced with the Wilson- Gorman Tariff, 1894. The American tariff on sugar imports hurt the Cuba's economy that was manufactured sugar. Angry nationalists (insurrection) revolted against the Spanish Colonial regime. Therefore, Spain sent General Weyler to Cuba to deal with the situation.
Imperialism was a big impact on the late 1800’s leading into the early 1900’s with counties like the British, Spanish, Russia, and Germany pushing to gain more land in different counties. This would lead to an arms race and the buildup which would lead into World War 1. Many different alliance were made if another country would attack another other countries would help with the fight. This would keep peace till the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria.
There were many important causes and effects of the Spanish American War. In the 1880’s the U.S. wanted to achieve manifest destiny and so they expanded out west and took control over the Native Americans. There were four different motives that the United States could’ve used to imperialize: political and military interest and economic interest were mostly with trading. Humanitarian and religious interest, to help those that you have allied with or to spread religion and the rich help those who were “under privileged.” Lastly, social darwinism, the idea that you are superior than someone else.
The United States did not go to war with Spain with the sole purpose of helping Cuba gain independence. The oppressive treatment of the Spaniards to the Cubans was only used to justify going into war. The U.S was the victor of the Spanish-American War because they were closer to Cuba and had a larger navy than Spain. This victory meant that the U.S was able to attain the islands in the Caribbean through the Treaty of Paris. This Treaty gave Guam,
For those who supported imperialism in the 1900s followed three vital reasons in the encouragement in which were Economic Factors, Military Factors, and Cultural Factors. In the United States officials have direct or indirect affects in the jurisdiction between other countries. In fact, the United States in this case wanted to acquire new markets in which goods are to be sold. Imperialism pertains a crucial military factor in which enforcement and overall involvement of imperialism. A key factor in the opposition of imperialism is the moral belief of democracy and the laws we abide to as citizens in the United States.
The imperialistic mentality of the American government after the Civil War, led to some degree to the Spanish-American war that would render a great acquisition of land for the United States. However, imperialism would not be the sole factor that led to the war against Spain, but also the sympathy felt by the American government towards Cuba’s efforts in fighting for their independence; additionally, the United States would seek to protect its commercial interests (sugar) in the island. Therefore, after invoking the Spanish to secede from their brutal practices towards Cuban rebels and attain a peaceful end to the situation, the United States arbitrarily sent a navy ship, “The USS Maine” to monitor the area.
America’s first intervention in Cuba dated back to the 1898 Spanish-American war (S.Foner, 1972). Historian Pérez argues that imperialist intentions for benefitting US national goals were behind the intervention (Pérez, 1998). Whereas L. Hoganson disputed it to sympathy for Cuba as their fight against Spanish colonials exemplified their American Revolutionary war (Hoganson, 1998). Nevertheless, Cuba encountered imperialistic rule under the Platt Amendment as it gave the US permission to form US provisional government in 1898-1901 (S.Foner, 1972), 1906-1909 and 1917-1922 (Guerra, 2005). In addition, the US held power over Cuba through puppet presidencies of the Liberal parties and the Auténtico who relied on US sugar companies for stabling the
During the Spanish-American War, the Spanish ruled over Cuba for approximately 400 years and finally, Cuban rebels declared independence. Also during this time, Americans had expansion fever so we decided to help Cubans overthrow the Spanish. However, Americans used yellow journalism to create reenactments of the war to show citizens back home what war was like, but sometimes the reenactments were lies. The war started because the United States’ ship, the Maine, mysteriously exploded in one of the harbors of Cuba and we blamed it on the Spanish with no proof.
At the start of the 19th century, America was already expanding its territory. In 1803, the United States of America had bought the Louisiana Territory, it was bought from France which had made the country two times larger. In 1819 Spain had given up their territory of Florida to the United States. President Monroe issued the “Monroe Doctrine” in 1823, its main purpose was to warn the European countries to not enter the Western Hemisphere. In order for America to achieve its goal of becoming an imperialist nation they had conquered other countries economically, culturally, and with a strong military in the late 1800’s.
Before the 20th century the United States was an isolationist nation but around the late 19th century America decided to convert into an imperialist power. They had numerous reasons to shift into being an imperialist nation. America didn’t want to begin imperializing to settle and live in the nations they were taking over, they already had America for that reason, they wanted to adopt these nations for what they had to offer, which was many things. America saw an opportunity to improving their nation and took it. Even if there were many causes for America to imperialize, three of them stood out the most.