Railroad traveling became more common and rapidly sped up means of transportation. This, in turn, created more jobs and forced people to live in the city. Cities like London, for example, shot up in terms of population. In 1801, before the invention of the steam engine, London had 1,117,000 people compared to the 2,685,000 people in 1851 after the invention. London, along with several other cities of over 100,000 people transformed the basis of society from small, tight-knit communities where things like textile production and agriculture were common into big cities containing a variety of jobs and people.
URBANIZATION: HISTORICAL APPROACH AND LITERARY CONTRIBUTION INTRODUCTION- Urbanization is actually the process of moving of the population from rural to urban areas, that is, the slow and gradual increase in the amount of people living in urban areas, and the means by which each society adapts to the change. It is predominantly the phenomenon in which towns and cities are constituted and they grow massive as more and more people begin to live and work in the urban areas. Urbanization began during the industrial revolution, when workers moved towards the manufacturing hubs in the cities to obtain jobs in factories as agricultural jobs became less common .In urbanization the rural communities grow to form cities or urban centres and by extension
American Urbanization started like a wildfire and it spread so rapidly that facilities and institutions in society could not keep up. From 1850 to 1900 America completely changed from its agricultural state into a new industry based society. The four paramount changes that occured during America’s urbanization period were new immigration, the build up of cities (skyscrapers and mass transit), living conditions, and boss rule and the rise of mass consumption. Even though the changes during urbanization did not come easily due to immense diversity, they still paved the way to modern day America. The American dream: a promise of freedom and opportunities for prosperity and success.
Exact number is unknown, but there is an estimated 100 million migrant workers, many of who is temporarily back to the village, the agricultural labor demand is high in the elderly permanently poor rural-urban migration. In China, from west to east and center of the new industrial zone (especially in Beijing, Shanghai and the Pearl River Delta) in rural areas to create a large-scale flow 100-1500000 population "floating population." Forced internal displacement is also a big problem. In 2006, 3.0 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Asia, excluding the Middle East 2.7 million. The main reason is that conflict, violence or human rights
Railroads had a major impact on advancing the American economy, transforming America into a modern society, and improving an antiquated transportation system. The building of railroads created rapid economic growth in America. Railroad companies employed more than one million workers to build and maintain railroads. At the same time, coal, timber, and steel industries employed thousands of workers to provide the supplies necessary to build railroads (Chapter 12 Industrialization). In turn, railroad companies spent large sums of money purchasing railroad supplies.
Compared to the Netherlands and Tokyo the United States has an abundance of physical space. The United States was affected by migration the late 1800's to early 1900's. When masses of people came to America, farm communities started to decline and cities expanded. Human migration between rural villages and big cities in Nigeria is causing a great impact on society in Nigeria as a
In the early modern period, English agriculture passed through a series of changes which led to higher productivity per unit of labour, increased yields, lower share of the workforce involved in agriculture and faster advancement than in other countries. Increased productivity in agriculture implies greater growth in urbanisation rates. This is proven by historical data referring to the differential of change in urbanisation rate between 1500 and 1800. The urban population of England increased almost 7-fold, while average Western Europe urbanisation rate only doubled. Additionally, in that period workforce involved in agriculture dropped from 75% to 43% in England, while in France and Germany dropped from 75% to 61-64%.
In the early twentieth century the United States went through a emense growth due to the amount of jobs that were avalibale for people through industralization like railroads, coal mining, and steel. Industralization pushed farming aside and independent agriculture and instead focused on factory production as the new way for the economy and draw more people towards a new working class. Industralization influenced many Americans because they were “ Drawn to factories by the promise of employement, a new working class emerged in these years, between 1870 and 1920, almost 11 million Americans moved from farm to city, and another 25 million immgrants arrived from overseas”(Foner, 2017). Industralization was a huge part of peoples everyday lives and was essential that people work so that products can be made and be carried out by city to city. Americans were influenced by the new series of technological innovations that were being used during the industralization period because the Atlantic cable was invented and made it easier for people to send messages accross the world.
Population growth is putting heavy pressure on the global environment. The area of the earth virtually unchanged but the population increased many times. Rapid population growth makes the environment does not meet the basic needs of human beings. Want to survive, people had to deforestation to expand the area under cultivation and animal husbandry. Since 1950 - 1993, the cultivated area per capita
India is witnessing the fastest rate of urbanization in the world, as per 2011 census, Delhi 's population rose by 4.1%, Mumbai 's by 3.1% and Kolkata 's by 2% as per 2011 census compared to 2001 census (Wikipedia). The contribution from the agricultural sector into the GDP (Gross Domestic Product) of India started to decrease and the contribution from secondary sector from the years is increasing. The period after 1941, India witnessed rapid growth of major metropolitan cities in India,