History is all about inspiring speeches, gruesome wars, and unexpected events that decide the course of the future. The Cold War is not an example of a war, but a highly important event, considering there was no actual fighting. The Cold War started because the Soviet 's wanted to spread communism, but America was getting in their way to stop it. Three major factors also contributed to the conflict of war, the most obvious one being the U.S. wanted to stop communism, another being both the Soviet Union and the United States were afraid of each other, and finally competition, because everyone needs some good competition. These factors are both reasons why the war started, and "weapons" that were used.
Although the U.S and the Soviet Union had formed a military alliance to defeat a mutual enemy, the two nations – ideologically extremely different – remained cautious of the other. United States’ democratic ideals contradicted that of the authoritarian and communist Stalin, leading to increased tension between the two nations. The conflict between the two opposing ideologies escalated as the Cold War dawned upon the nations. Military, although never used to fight the other nation directly, was used to fight proxy wars in other countries; as both nations tried to defend their ideals and prevent the spread of the others’ ideology/sphere of influence aggressively (Lippman, 25). Proxy wars were fought in Korea, Greek, Afghanistan and Vietnam (Hurst, 130).
Kennedy took a different, more violent approach in confining, and overall stopping the spread of communism. Truman said in his University of Washington Speech that money would be sent to any country that needed financial support in combating communism (Kennedy). In addition to this, he had the same views for military aid. His mission was to support any country fighting communism with the proper weapons if the Soviet Union were to attack (Kennedy). The biggest contrast between Kennedy and the other two presidents was that Kennedy was not afraid of war.
For the Americans, the goal was to set up a provisional Korean government. As for the Soviets, the goal was to avoid a unification of Korea. Korea became known as an “ideological battleground.” With the creation of two Korean governments it led to the partition of the peninsula. The historical significance of the Korean War is that until this day the Korean peninsula remains a watchful concern for the U.S. In the Shadow of the Greatest Generation: The Americans Who Fought the Korean War, written in 2012, Melinda L. Pash mentions the effect of the conflict on soldiers when they returned.
The book also shows how the weaponry battle was another big part of the war itself. The back and forth weapon making between the Yooks and Zooks resemble how the Soviet Union and The United States tried outdoing each other coming up with the more modern, more successful weapons. In both cases there was a wall that separated the two sides, in the book it was symbolism showing how they prefer to stay self segregated, just like the Berlin Wall in the actual Cold War. Overall the
The Cold War was the tense relationship between the United States (and its allies), the Soviet Union (the USSR and its allies) and the United Kingdom (The three main 'powers ' ) between the end of World War II and the expiry of the Soviet Union; i.e. the years 1945 to 1991. The Cold War started mainly because the United States did not gain trust against communists and the Soviet and USSR did not trust capitalists. So there was a cold relationship between two countries thoughts, activities and other things. After endings the World War II, the Soviet Union and the US both were clearly going to be the two powerful countries for some time to come.
Arthur Schlesinger Jr, states that ‘the Cold War in its original form was a presumably mortal antagonism, in the wake of the Second World War, between two rigidly hostile blocs (1967, 22).’ The quote embodies the power struggle that was played out between America and the Soviets during the post war era. Historians and theorists have been drawing from ideologies and different international world orders to help gain an accurate understanding of the origins of the Cold War. In a bipolar world, as described by Waltz, neither major power seeks approval with one another; they just have to cope with one another, however within great-power politics who is threatening who can create feelings of uncertainty between them and then a Cold War is born (1988, 622). The orthodox argument makes the claim that the United States was responding to the threatening nature of the USSR, despite trying to integrate
The American War Against Fear World War II was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, in which it encompassed the major nations in the world, including the United States of America. The aftermath of the war, in which the United States and its allied powers emerged victorious, should have marked a period of political tranquility. However this supposition proved incorrect, as the American ethos was ravaged by a state of political and military tension between the United States and the Soviet Union. More than a military conflict, the Cold War was an ideological war in which democracy and communism clashed. The Cold War fears of the American people, reflected in the mass hysteria behind the Red Scare and McCarthyism, was entrenched in the
Competing perspectives and human decisions led to violent conflicts throughout the 20th century. By analyzing different perspectives of the countries that are blamed for starting Cold War and the ideologies that were imposed in the other countries. Two different political systems led to further conflicts of the Cold War. The Soviet Union during the Cold War was a communist country. Stalin wanted to expand the spirit of communism in the world.
They used nuclear weapons to fight with in the Cold War such as the AN-22 gravity bomb and ASMP attack missile. At the end of the war both of the counties lost the United States and the Soviet Union. One reason the Cold War started was because the United States policy threatened the Soviet Union. After WWII, Both countries the United States and the Soviet Union were known as superpowers which means both superpowers never declare war on each other. Both superpowers had very different fundamental political and economic systems.