The nineteenth century was a breeding ground for many literary movements, including realism, romanticism and naturalism. Realism consists of literature that is consistent, predictable, and sticks to the “simple truth” of how regular people live and talk. Romanticism is literature that contains things of intellect, strangeness and remoteness and tries to make the familiar unfamiliar. Finally, naturalism is literature that has regular people in extraordinary circumstances; the hero is at the mercy of larger social and natural forces, which are cruelly indifferent; traces of social Darwinism can be found in the literature and there is generally a brutal struggle for survival. Realism can be seen in The Yellow Wallpaper by Charlotte Perkins Gilman,
“To Build a Fire” has regionalism, naturalism, and realism has many examples. The regionalism for To Build a Fire starts with the beginning of the story when London described the “day as broken and gray” and the main character “climbs a high earth-bank” and the “Yukon is hidden under three feet of ice”. “London”. The naturalism in the story has multiple examples but the overall theme of it is that natural doesn 't care about the man in the story with the temperature being colder then he thought and when he walks on the ice and gets his feet and then you got the men building his finally fire in which he pulls to much twigs and sticks from the tree so the consequence is that the tree drops all its snow on him and the fire. The final example of
Ambrose Bierce’s “An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge” is one of the most thought-provoking Civil War stories written in the 19th century. In this story, Bierce digs his pen into philosophical questions about “the nature of time and the nature of abnormal psychology” (Logan 102). Yet because of the story’s multifaceted poignancy, scholarship has debated whether it is a Romantic yarn, a Gothic tale, or something abruptly more cynical. I will argue that “An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge” is actually a transitional short story that explores how the rise of regionalism and realism during the Civil War led to the death of romanticism.
Irony is used to throw the reader off track and make the story more alluring. In “The Masque of Red Death,” Prince Prospero’s castle walls “had gates of iron. The courtiers, having entered, brought furnaces and massy hammers and welded bolts. They resolved to leave means neither of ingress or egress to the sudden impulses of despair or of frenzy from within,”(57). When all entrances are sealed most would think that nothing could get in. That's what Prince Prospero thought, however the Red Death still could get in. Prince Prospero’s mind was distorted because of fear. His big fear of dying by the Red Death clouded his rational thought, so much that he excluded ever commoner and left them to die. As a result of him isolating himself from the disease, it came and found him. Prince Prospero didn’t realize that death is inevitable no matter what. Irony is the opposite of what you would expect and it can show how distorted the brain can get when reaction to fear. In “The Tell Tale Heart,” “His room was a black as pitch,” says the narrator, “with the thick darkness (for the shutters were closed and fastened, through fear of robbers,)”(75). The irony here is that the old man puts up the shutters in fear of being robbed or killed by people coming in, however, he didn't expect the threat to come from the inside. Fear led not only the old man to shut himself in, but also for the narrator to kill the old man
Irony can be many different things and situational irony stood out when Jack sets the fire to roust Ralph from the forest. This is a violent seen, Ralph and jack go at it, they were always in competition with each other. Not knowing that this was the scene that was going to get them rescued, it turned the book around. "The world, that understandable and lawful world, was slipping away." pg. 82 Nothing is the same now that they have witnessed all these things from the island, they’re scared and never going to be the
Poe uses irony in his stories to demonstrate how fear can distort the mind and what the result of that fear looks like. In Poe’s story, “The Masque of the Red Death,” Prince Prospero locks himself and other wealthy people up in his castle, leaving only the castle to live in: “They resolved to leave any means of ingress or egress…” (57). This is ironic because by locking himself and other wealthy people up in his castle, he secured his death and the death of everyone else he lives with. Prince Prospero’s fear of Death leads him to make these decisions. In the same way, “The Tell-Tale Heart” is ironic in that the old man bars his windows and makes his bedroom dark because of his fear of death, however, death is already inside. The narrator describes
“Time is the coin of your life. It is the only coin you have, and only you can determine how it will be spent. Be careful before you let other people spend it for you. (Carl Sandburg)” “The Bullet in the Brain” by Tobias Wolff states many points about relationships between human lives and the passage of time. This is especially shown in the life of Anders. His finally memory was when he was younger and less critical of others. He enjoyed playing baseball with his friends. At this moment it completely changes how you feel about Anders. Throughout the story you start to see Anders other side.
In the story The Most Dangerous Game by Richard Connell, irony plays a big part in establishing the characters and it emphasizes how different General Zaroff and Rainsford are. It also shows how the context may change throughout the story in the sense that the hunters become the hunted and the enemies thrive with each other. It changes Rainsford perception on the animals he has hunted for sport when he quickly becomes the hunted. Overall, the author, Richard Connell uses irony very well to show emphasize different points in the story. One clear example of how the author uses irony in his work is through the conversation between sailor, Whitney and game hunter, Rainford. ¨´You´re a big-game hunter, not a philosopher. Who cares how a jaguar feels.´¨
St. Cyril of Jerusalem once wrote, “The dragon sits by the side of the road, watching those who pass. Beware lest he devour you. We go to the Father of Souls, but it is necessary to pass by the dragon.” The dragon that he spoke of was temptation that distracts us from God and from the route we are meant to take. In many of Flannery O'Connor's works, including "Good Country People," "A Late Encounter with the Enemy," and "The Displaced Person," the dragon takes the form of pride and vanity. In these three short stories by O'Connor, the characters of Helga, General Sash, and Mrs. McIntyre are all distracted, by their pride and vanity, from reality.
Crane’s short story, The Monster, is about how Henry Johnson, the coachman, severely burns his body in the attempt to rescue the Dr. Trescott’s young son, but rather than receiving high acclaims within the town, he is ridiculed for his burnt face and disabilities.
“The Blue Hotel” by Stephen Crane and “Tennessee’s Partner” by Bret Harte have many similarities and differences. “Tennessee’s Partner” is about two men who have a bond that cannot be broken. “The Blue Hotel” is about a paranoid man who thinks everyone is out to get him and ends up dying because of his own actions. Stephen Crane and Bret Harte have different styles of writing, however, their stories take place in the same time and the characters act similarly. Some of the story's themes are easy to see, but others depend on the perception of the reader.
The movement in Stephen Crane’s text shows hope toward the end. They are struggling in the boat to get saved. Then they see a lighthouse, the shore, trees, and a house. It seems they are getting closer and closer and they start feeling almost cheerful even though
Irony may appear in difference ways within literature. Irony changes our expectations of what might happen. It can create the unexpected twist at the end of a story or anecdote that gets people laughing or crying. Verbal irony is intended to be a humorous type of irony. Situational irony can be either funny or tragic. Dramatic irony is usually an over the top, tragic form of irony. Both Edgar Allen Poe’s “The Tell-Tale Heart” and Shirley Jackson’s “The Lottery” are great examples of an ironic situation. Every expresses the common theme in their own way. Although both of these literally pieces provide us with the theme of irony, Edgar Allen Poe's "The Tell-Tale Heart" gives the reader a sense of suspense with the irony that proves to be more effective.
This research paper deals with Washington Irving's most famous short story Rip Van Winkle, which tells the story of a man, who falls into a magical sleep during the English colonial time and wakes up twenty years later as a citizen of the United States of America.
Jack London’s short stories are held in high regard to this day, and are still considered to show the true harshness of mother nature and the ignorance of man. London himself knows all too well the unforgiving vexation of the Klondike Gold Rush, having developed scurvy and an injury that permanently affected the use of his leg. His stories are also influenced by the literary movement of naturalism, which focuses on extreme conditions that shape human mentality. London’s usual writing style consists of very long, drawn out descriptions of the characters or the scene around these characters. A large sum of his stories focus on the instincts of animals and the questionable survival of man in extreme conditions and situations. A recurring theme