For example, the Massachusetts newspapers have been printing slave advertisements since 1704, and almost every article in The Boston-Gazette and Country Journal and The Boston Evening-Post were advertisements of runaways or who were selling slaves that day. These things were very common, and the newspapers would make a lot of money through these advertisements. Honestly, they newspapers made so much from slave trade, that they were in competition with one another to see who got the most ads. The point being made is that the entire country was selling and reselling slaves like horses until the next shipment came in. This practice had brainwashed society into thinking that was how it was and allowed slave trade to become the multi-billion business that controlled the economy of Massachusetts and many other colonies in that time as well.
Slave owners, who more often than not, were also plantation owners or landlords, exerted their dominance over slaves. The relationship between these two groups was one of violent domination. Cotton planters often used violent means to extract maximum possible labour from the slaves. Bodily coercion, and even violent torture of the slaves was practiced, so as to keep them in check, and to obtain as much work per labourer as possible. To quote Beckert, “Coerced labour meant rapid profits.” (Empire of Cotton, Beckert) Often, dissenting or under-performing slaves would be harshly, physically punished in front of other slaves, so as to discourage disobeying the slave owner.
Although black people made great strides in reaching for equality in this decade, there were still many systems put in place that continue to disadvantage people of colour in the justice system. This time period normalized heavy black imprisonment, so that in the future this disparity was seen as the norm. This heavy incarceration was a way for white people in positions of power to continue to be in charge of black and hispanic people’s lives. In a way, the huge amounts of arrests of black and hispanic people over time was an attempt to reinstate state sanctioned slavery. This will be expanded further later, but it can be seen that the people who wished to continue white supremacy in the 1960 may have seen prisons as a way to do this without it being common
Alex Viamari Professor: Marcus Nicolas ENC1102 T/R 9 October 2014 Issue Analysis Paper Following our nation’s reconstruction, racist sentiments continued to occur and White on Black violence was prevalent throughout American society. Racism was still alive with the oppression of African Americans through the Jim Crowe laws. Deprived of their civil and human rights, Blacks were reduced to a status of second-class citizenship. A tense atmosphere of racial hatred, ignorance and fear bred lawless mass violence, murder and lynching. The horrid act of lynching African Americans was thoroughly widespread in the United States, particularly in the South.
Like almost every other problem currently facing the African American community, police violence and brutality has a long history and stems from America’s original sin. As Coates aptly describes, “any fair consideration of the depth and width of enslavement tempts insanity. First conjure the crime-the generational destruction of human bodies-and all of its related offenses-domestic terrorism, poll taxes, mass incarceration.” What Coates is getting at here is the idea that the remnants of slavery are vast and deep. This is unquestionably true regarding modern police violence and discrimination, as there is a long history of white people getting away with the murder of young African American men without legal consequence. This of course exists because of the antecedent of slavery, it’s enforcement through the Fugitive Slave Act, as well as more modern forms of systematic discrimination, such as Jim Crow laws, grandfather and literacy tests, and domestic terrorism.
The mystery behind the gruesome, cannibalistic murders from Jack the Ripper can be summed up by two suspects: Aaron Kominski and Severin Klosowski. Jack the Ripper has left a mystery since his first horrific murder; the information that has been gathered helps narrow him down to specific suspects. In the time between August and November of 1888, in Whitechapel, 5 prostitutes were mutilated by a knife (“The Hunt”). The women who were known to be killed by him are Annie
Slavery in America, particularly in the Southern region, was heavily depended upon due to the high demand for labor. Historically, slaves were primarily blacks but race did not become an issue until 1650, when Virginia and Maryland claimed that infidel (non Christian) slaves could be enslaved for life. Following this claim, non-whites became a target for slavery. In 1739, a group of rebellious slaves paraded towards Georgia and Florida, and killed several whites at Stono, South Carolina. After these white killings, slave codes were implemented to end rebellion and restrict mobility.
Social status is the position of a person, a group within the society. In racism, there have always been problems of social status and labeling. In a society or environmental culture, African-Americans were always positioned or ranked at the lowest level within the society, and they were always labeled as the criminals and the bad guys. Which is similar to the story of Killing the Mockingbird. Why would Tom Robinson be labeled as a rapist right away without strong proofs of his innocence?
This crushed their spirits, damaged their bodies and was pressured with a hard labour. The damages were severe which caused many death however some survived and this is research will explain the main methods of how they survived. The Main things they survived through were Sexual Harassment, Keeping the spirit live through culture, Hitting back after the planters: Physical and Verbal attacks, Illness through the use of herbs and Religion. The sexual harassment of the females started on the journey of the middle passage and continued during enslavement on the Caribbean plantations. They were forced and raped by planters , some resisted but other were concubines of the whites this is forcing them into relationship that they were not interested in.
At the same time, South Africa faced Apartheid, a system of racial segregation enforced through legislation. While black people in America were the minority, in South Africa they were the majority. When a new law was passed that stated all students in South Africa need to be taught in Afrikaans, as well as English, a spark was lit in Soweto that caused thousands of students to protest. While at first meaning to be non-violent, like the Children’s Crusade, it soon became extremely violent when police started shooting at the crowd. Both events shared oppressive contexts based on race and separation, both used peaceful protest by youths, but it lead to violent consequences, yet both achieved far-reaching results in their respective societies.