The politicians of the 1800 's were a whole new breed of men because a centralized government was no longer a threat as the previous generation had experienced (Schultz, Mays, Winfree, 2010). The Democratic-Republican Party, led by Henry Clay and John C. Calhoun, now favored policies that would encourage economic growth other than the agricultural policies of the Jefferson era. The party now wanted to recreate the national banking system, make a national internal improvement, and to raise tariffs on imported goods. The Second National Bank was established in 1816 with the support of Calhoun, the southern and the western congressmen. While northern representatives, New England Federalists, opposed the bank, a reversal of party beliefs.
The Great Depression precipitated a political and social revolution that polarized both, the nation and the two political parties. The stock market crash shocked the country and there was no economic program to limit the transpiring economic hardships. While the Democratic party called for governmental intervention as President Hoover and the Republican party maintained their position of resistance (198). The congressional leadership of the Democratic party managed to create a relief program and headed towards progressive leadership with Franklin D. Roosevelt as its front runner for the presidential nomination, ultimately winning the presidency by a landslide. Following hypothetical scenario 2, this realignment occurred through the two existing parties (214).
Jackson was one of the first presidents of the new nation in the early 1800s. He served eight years in chair from 1829-1837. Before his term as presidency he was known as a "war hero". He gained many supporters from common people by discriminating against the rich. During his presidency Jackson encouraged Americans to create a smaller government with more involvement from citizens.
The first major change this event brought to American government and politics was there was a shift of power without bloodshed. The shift from John Adams, a Federalist, as president, to electing Thomas Jefferson, a new Republican candidate, caused minor bickering within Congress but there was no uproar about the change in government. This was very different from America’s past. When the colonies tried to change their government when the British were in control, war broke out and it caused a divide in America between Patriots and Loyalists. No such divisions was so harshly created.
Jefferson and Burr received the same number of electoral votes. To determine who would be president the House of Representatives were forced to decide the winner. This would prove to be difficult as the House was deadlocked. That is until Jefferson made the promise to maintain Hamilton’s economic plan. This changed the minds of some leading Jefferson to victory with Adam Burr serving as his Vice President.
Social Changes That Gave Rise to Mass Democracy The social changes that occurred during 1830 and 1840 gave rise to notable processes, such as mass democracy. Mass democracy can be defined as society taking control of voting and choosing presidents to their liking; instead of having the legislature vote based on their own interests, voting was based on the people’s benefits. This process was significantly influenced by the males in power. These social changes that occurred during the period of 1820 and 1840 were the Jacksonian Democracy created by Andrew Jackson, the American System developed by Henry Clay, and the presidency of William H. Harrison. Andrew Jackson started off his political career as the national hero because of the Battle of New Orleans.
The era of Andrew Jackson which was nicknames the era of the “common man” certainly lived up to its name. As the seventh President of the United States, Jackson had a major effect on the life of the common man, in such a way that the life of the common man would never be the same again. Jackson’s aim, after the manner in which he was defeated in the Presidential Election of 1824, despite receiving more popular votes than John Quincy Adams who took on the office, was to reduce the power and the authority of the elite. When he came into power after the 1828 election Jackson began to carry out his proposals. Jackson expanded the voting right to all men, in accordance with the Declaration of Independence of 1776 which declared that “all men are created equal” instead of just the elite.
The 1840 U.S. presidential election was notoriously light on discussions of the issues. While incumbent Democrat Martin Van Buren and Whig challenger William Henry Harrison occasionally touched on executive power and economic policy, their parties spent the majority of the race engaging in mudslinging, political theater and sloganeering. This was particularly true of the Whigs, who framed much of their campaign around Harrison’s heroic role in an event from nearly 30 years earlier: the Battle of Tippecanoe.
Even though George Washington met all the requirements to be the best antebellum president. Andrew Jackson and Thomas Jefferson performed exceptional during their presidency in office. Thomas Jefferson was the founding father of the Declaration of Independence. He economically managed the U.S by cutting the budget of the Navy and Army investments,cut the tax off whiskey in unpopular areas and decreased debt nationally. Everything Jefferson planned to do, he made sure it happened.He even aimed and tried to establish a more perfect union by sending his men to fight off the Barbary pirates who were harassing the U.S commerce.”He also sent a naval squadron to fight the Barbary pirates, who were harassing American commerce in the Mediterranean” (Frank Freidel).
The Age of Jackson was a significant time in history that occurred before, during, and after Andrew Jackson’s elected presidency. From 1820-1850, America had a rise in Democracy. Although known as the worst president to be on a United States currency, most, but not all things were because of Jackson. Events prior to his election in office led up to how he ran the United States during his presidency. This time in history is important because of the affects from his or any other president’s actions.
The majority of this occurs in the United States from just after the War of 1812 up until the end of Jackson’s presidency in 1837. Most of this time is about how the U.S. had a lot of nationalism and let the government do many unconstitutional things.The United States was feeling great after winning the War of 1812. Therefore they let the government make and do the majority of the stuff that they would like. They created things such as the Second Bank and made taxes that were unconstitutional. To become President, Jackson lost the election of 1824, and won in 1828.
One of these entities was ruled by Abraham Ruef, also known as Boss Ruef who mainly ruled on the local level in San Francisco. The other, even larger organization was the statewide Southern Pacific Railroad. The purpose of this party was simple, protect the interest of the railroad. This system was very unpopular, but state law at the time required that candidates had to be elected through the party system. This easily corruptible system of electing officials continued until 1910 when Progressives won enough seats to take a majority lead in the legislature after surging forward the last several years.
The Pendleton act influenced the Corporations, the name for it was the Pennsylvania Idea. In the late 1800s’ senators, mainly republicans senators, the republicans that wanted to become president. For example William McKinley raised money by going directly to the corporations and ask them if you give me the money and past a favorable legislation or vise versa stop negative legislation, whatever it is in order for you to wrake in the big dollars. Teddy Roosevelt disagreed on what president William McKinley did after his assassination, Roosevelt made it his mission to regulate as well as making it completely fair in competition system in Capitalism. Teddy Roosevelt believed that money in politics was a negative influence in campaigns.
The American Revolution did not arise instantly. There were many factors that laid the foundation of the revolution, one being high taxation. In approach to the revolution the colonists developed a sense of identity and unity as Americans. Anger and frustration pointed towards the British built up and eventually exploded into a war. By the eve of the revolution many, but not all colonists set their differences aside to achieve one goal, to overcome the tyrannical British become truly independent.
All in all, between the years of 1789 and 1860, the existence of political parties has deeply affected the development of the American economy, government, and social framework. The American political system has seen the rise and fall of numerous political parties who had a multitude of stances on different issues. Just as George Washington said, a one-party political system is not a true democracy. That is why the American political system has been one of the most successful, as their are often two primary political parties that will not allow the country to lean too far in one direction on the political spectrum, thus balancing and counteracting one