Next to fear of shame, the theme of women as one of the motivations is emphasized in the novel. There are several instances where women are mentioned as some kind of a motivation for example: Henry Dobbins and his pantyhose of a girlfriend or Lieutenant Cross and pictures of Martha. These both facts can be considered as a motivation for a soldier mainly because of their love to them and the need to get back home from the war to see their loved ones. Indeed women play a large role in the novel itself but they cannot be considered as a motivation. Lieutenant Cross actually burns his girlfriend Martha’s pictures because they are a distraction for him.
In source A, we read about the enthusiasm that was women when thought of as independent. They strived at the thought of contributing to the war effort, country and society. In source B, we see a picture of strong women nursing the wounded, which plays a huge part to any war. For starters, without nurses, there would be no uninjured soldiers to defend our country. In front of them, we see 2 women.
Source A is a propaganda and was created by Norma Lindsay for the Commonwealth Government of Australia in 1918. It was sourced by W.E Smith LTD. Sydney. This poster Depicts a group of armed German soldiers threatening a young man pinned against a water tank. The other victims in this scene include an elderly man in the foreground, who has been shot, an elderly woman on her knees pleading with their captors, and a young woman in a state of half-undress who is being restrained by two German soldiers in the background.
America had every intention to enter the war prior to Pearl Harbor based on common economic interests of its allies in Indochina and Manchuria as well as the idea that Axis powers were the enemy. By feeding the public information of isolationism it allowed for unification at the time of entering
However, Isolationism still was losing favor with the public due to the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, December 7, 1941 helped to change views. The Pearl Harbor Attack raised feelings of anger and anti-Japanese sentiments in the hearts of American citizens. In 1942, all Japanese Americans were placed in internment camps as they were perceived as possible spies. World War II revealed the growing spread of communism which Americans believed was worth fighting against.
During the World War period of history there was all sorts of propaganda being used for and against each other during the war effort. Aiming for the citizen of that nation to be persuaded to help in the war effort in some way whether it be rationing of food, invoking fear, or a form of patriotic emotion. The World War propaganda primarily focused a lot on name calling, bandwagon, and transfer types of propaganda. During the World War when it came to name calling it usually portray the enemy. For instance Japan and Germany during WWI and Russia included later in WWII were shown in a negative light.
Posters such as Paul Stahr’s “Be Patriotic” made women believe that they would be recognized and appreciated by their country only if they promise to give up a portion of their meal to save those in war. This propaganda can be said that it served as a trap saying that if an individual does not do as told, then they would be a humiliation to their nation. Although it can be perceived as intimidating and manipulative, this poster also demonstrates women that they do not have to be men in order to help achieve victory. Patriotism includes all and not just men. The lady in Stahr’s poster seems to proudly wear a dress of the United States flag.
Source A: “Will you fight now,or wait for THIS”, was created by the Commonwealth Government of Australia. This source is a propaganda poster created in WW1,1918 and is sourced in Australia. Source A poster was created to persuade civilians, in particular males in between the ages of 18 to 45, to enlist in the military to fight in WW1. The intended audience for this Source would be Australian citizens. This source would be useful to a historian studying propaganda in the field of Australian War history during WW1.
The iconic figure of women working in shipyards and factories came to term as Rosie The Riveter during World War II when women were encouraged and praised for working in place of the men who fought for the country. It was not only the men fighting who helped win the war for the allies, the women working to build the fighter planes and other war machines were victorious on the home front. Throughout the 1940’s, propaganda posters were widely used to promote patriotism in war efforts whether it was to get more men to fight in the war or it was to get women to fill in the shoes of the men. The famous propaganda poster of Rosie The Riveter was used to promote the bravery and strength of women workers, the famous caption being “we can do it” to
During the war men were called to serve their country by putting their life on the front line. As men accepted to fight in the war the jobs they held became available. Through posters and advertising, women were also called to serve their country. Posters such as the 1943 WOW poster by Alfred Treidler, gave women the impression that they were honoring not only their husbands and boyfriends, but the country as well. As stated by the staff at history.com, “Between 1940 and 1945, the female percentage of the U.S. workforce increased from 27 percent to nearly 37 percent, and by 1945 nearly one out of every four married women worked outside the home”.
Propaganda’s were popular during 1941-1945 because it helped unified the public behind the effort of the war to make other people help. Soon women began to help build war materials and resources that could help win the war or help rebuild after the war. There was never victory for the Axis because of all the support from men, “Women power” and children. A lot of posters that were put up helped encourage the americans and gave them spirit. Propaganda’s were very important and a major help during the war and to the people.
Overall, the government’s use of propaganda was more or less unsuccessful. Even with their increase of propaganda throughout the war, volunteers didn’t significantly increase. Both referendums on conscription, in 1916 and 1917, were a failure, though by a slim amount, despite the plentiful amount of propaganda used. Although more women took on the jobs of those fighting, it wasn’t to the extent like France or America. Thus, the effort of the government use of propaganda, though worked to some degree, nevertheless was ultimately