They were scared of tyranny, especially pertaining to the fact that under the new Constitution, the national government, or Congress, would be able to make decisions without even asking for the states’ permission. (Anti-Federalist 1: Brutus). Even though the Constitution called for checks and balances, Anti-Federalist Patrick Henry, was convinced that the president would be the one making all the decisions, not unlike a king. (Bianco and Canon, 44). The national supremacy clause in the Constitution even stated that national law supersedes any state law when there is conflict.
Elected offices must be filled directly by the people. In keeping with the principle, Jackson tried to abolish the College Electors (those who choose the president) by Constitutional amendment.” This quote shows President Jackson’s heroism in fighting for the people to have the power to elect their president directly. Many people would disagree and say Andrew Jackson is a villain, he did do things that were frowned upon. Probably the most negative thing is the Indian Removal Act. Although this act was harsh, to some it overshadows the good that Jackson did.
He also destroyed the National Bank and authorized the Specie Circular. Because of these infringements on the rights of the people, Andrew Jackson was not a champion of the common man; the nickname “King Andrew,” from his opponents was accurate. When he was elected president, Andrew Jackson felt that he needed to remove John Quincy Adams’ appointees from office. To him, the clear answer was to replace them with his own followers and friends, creating a government where only one political party was effectively represented by presidential appointments. This use of the spoils system put people who were not qualified in powerful positions simply as a reward for supporting Jackson.
This amendment deals with the votes of the electoral college dealing with electing the vice president and president. This amendment gives a limit of time that the electoral college has to vote and procedures to follow if more time is used. The electoral college, according to the twelfth amendment, has to be specific with who they vote for president and who they vote for vice president. In the past, the reason the 12th amendment is a correction, the electoral college chose a vice president due to less votes than president votes. The thirteenth amendment is known as a civil war amendment.
Also, these two presidents were able to use public information as a tool for their causes, and it helped to gather support. Woodrow Wilson also sided with the pro-imperialists, believing that the United States had the right to do with these nations as they pleased. It was after both World Wars that arguments and actions occurred against extensions of presidential power. The author mentioned that Dean Acheson, who was President Harry S. Truman’s Secretary of State, criticized the right of the president to be able to use American troops in executing foreign policy, while the Congress has no say in the matter. Also, this was followed by actions by the Supreme Court to say “that Truman had gone beyond his authority by moving to take over strike-bound mills to ensure the steady production of war material”.
The United States of America declared its independence from England because the king was abusing his powers like a tyrant. For example, the king set taxes without consent, unfair laws, and set soldiers in times of peace. According to James Madison, “The accumulation of all powers...in the same hands whether at one, a few, or many is the very definition of tyranny.” In 1781, the United States’ first constitution, the Articles of Confederation, was approved. The Articles of Confederation gave most of the power to the states but unfortunately failed because there was no leader, no court system, and no power to tax. Because of this, a new constitution had to be made.
Preclearance was a constitutional response to voter discrimination, but it was also unconstitutional to apply it to states based on past issues (Sensenbrenner, 2016). Thus, the law’s strongest protections have been rendered meaningless. Clearly they never heard of Tocqueville’s tyranny of the majority. The tyranny of the majority is when a dominant group uses its control of the government to abuse the rights of minority groups (Magstadt, p.78, 2015). Executing laws that place restrictions on minorities sounds all too familiar.
The Twenty-fifth Amendment of the United States Constitution revolves around succession to the Presidency and construct procedures for filling a vacancy in the Vice President’s office, as well as responding to Presidential disabilities. It also supersedes the arguable terminology of Article II, Section 1, Clause 6 of the Constitution, which does not clearly state whether the Vice President becomes the President, or Acting President, if the President dies, resigns, is impeached, or is otherwise unable to honor the powers of the presidency. The Twenty-fifth Amendment is broken down into four sections, all pertaining to the Presidency, and what should happen if anything goes wrong. In regards to the Vice president becoming president, the only
The Judiciary Act of 1801, a law that created more federal judge positions, contributed to the establishment of judicial review by becoming the first law to be overturned by the process of judicial review and because it caused Chief Justice John Marshall to lay down three principles for judicial review. To begin, the Judiciary Act of 1801 was created shortly before President John Adams left office as an attempt of the Federalist party in order to help keep as many Federalists as possible in government. Adams did this knowing that he or any of his fellow Federalists would not be elected as president. This law evoked the case Marbury vs. Madison, a case between a man who had been promised a job created by the Judiciary Act of 1801 and the secretary
It was divided into four sections. The first section provided a strong foundation for his argument about why America should become a republican government, writing that the English constitution is “imperfect, subject to convulsions, and incapable of producing what it seems to promise.” The succeeding sections were an assessment of the monarchy and its nature affecting social systems, which was in conflict to the idea of the biblical equality of all men, elaborating its historical consequences and future repercussions. He also expounded on how the rulers should be chosen by the citizens through an election. Moreover, emphasized that the colonies were more than capable on their own with all their natural resources and the increasing population to support themselves as their own country and that fighting for independence was in the best interests of the colonists. His work ultimately swayed majority of the undecided colonies in favor of full-on independence from Great