Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of mortality for adults. The main risk factors for the development of CVD include hypertension, obesity, alcohol consumption, and tobacco use; these factors are prevented or reduced through lifestyle changes (Poudel & Sumi, 2017). The result of the study found that perceived susceptibility to CVDs was low among adults, which means that people do not feel susceptible to CVDs. The study also showed the low perceived severity suggested that young adults did not recognize their own risk status. The perceived benefits were good among participants; they agreed that eating a healthy diet and exercising for 30 min a day was one of the best methods to prevent heart attack or stroke (Poudel & Sumi, 2017).
There are approximately 350 million individuals living with DM worldwide. In the United States, the rate of T2DM has increased in individuals of AA descent with the prevalence rate escalating in the past 30 years and has quadrupled. AAs above 20 years of age are 1.7 times more likely to be diagnosed with DM than the Caucasians. They accounted for 10.8% of all individual with diabetes (CDC, 2015). A comparison of rates of diagnosis of diabetes mellitus by ethnicity and race disclosed that in 2010 the AAs diagnosed for diabetes were 13.2% of 29.1 million Americans (ADA, 2014).
The low body temperature from the cooling pads causes the immune system to slow down. Typically, a strong immune system is extremely crucial to the body’s overall health from exterior infections and diseases; however, during the process of induced hypothermia, a decrease in immune system is prefered because it reduces the risk of inflammatory reactions. In a healthy body, inflammatory reactions are important because they will create an increase in blood circulation, which will normally help fight off
One of the medication is called Insulin, Carbohydrate counting, Frequent blood sugar monitoring, also eating healthy foods, Exercising regularly, and maintaining healthy weight. Also people’s lives are changed because of diabetes like for example “The never-ending demands of diabetes care, such as eating carefully, exercising, monitoring blood glucose, and scheduling and planning symptoms of low or very high blood glucose fears about or the reality of complications. The way that people cope with awful disease is exercise that 's the key component of proper diabetes care. Along with all of the other benefits you will receive from being active, your diabetes will also respond in kind and with more stable blood glucose
Majority 27 (90%) of the sample was receiving HD treatment twice in a week. All 30 (100%) sample was receiving 4 hours HD treatment in each HD session. Section 2: Knowledge of patients undergoing HD regarding therapeutic diet The investigators found that in the pre-test, majority 23 (76.7) patents had good knowledge, whereas in the post-test, all 30 (100%) patients go very good knowledge. The pre-test scores ranged from 26- 34 with the mean of 29.57 whereas the post-test scores ranged from 35-40 with the mean of
The heart is a hollow muscle that is centered in the cardiovascular system and pumps the blood throughout the body. It is characteristic is the cardiac muscle with a small size and many mitochondria. They contain very rare of cell nuclei and intercalated discs that specialized connections of intercellular. This organ is made up of four chambers: right atrium, right ventricle, left atrium, and left ventricle. The atriums collect the blood from the pulmonary circulation while the ventricles pump the into the systemic circulation.
Between 35% and 50% of all women over 50 had at least one vertebral fracture. In the United States, 700,000 vertebral fractures occur annually, but only about a third are recognized. In a series of 9704 women aged 68.8 on average studied for 15 years, 324 had already suffered a vertebral fracture at entry into the study and 18.2% developed a vertebral fracture, but that risk rose to 41.4% in women who had a previous vertebral
INTRODUCTION Ischemic heart disease is the leading cause of death worldwide in hospitalized patients. Cardiovascular morbidity and mortality increases exponentially from 75 years-old . Approximately, 30% of patients admitted for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) are over 75 years old, and represent 50% of ischemic heart disease mortality [2,3]. Elderly patients have a higher risk for AMI short- and long-term mortality than younger patients [4,5]. On the other hand, nonagenarians with AMI non admitted to Coronary Care Unit (CCU) are increasing progressively .
Today, up to 1 million Americans live with Parkinson's disease. Approximately 60,000 Americans are diagnosed with Parkinson's disease each year, not including the thousands of cases that go undetected. An estimated seven to 10 million people worldwide are living the Parkinson’s disease. After reading these statistics found from Michael J. Fox Organization, it is obvious that this disease is a major problem. But what is it exactly?
Each year, an estimated 1.5 million Americans sustain a TBI. As a result of these injuries, 50,000 people die, 230,000 people are hospitalized and survive, and an estimated 80,000-90,000 people experience the onset of long-term disability.17 Population based studies in the United States suggested that incidence of traumatic brain injury is between 180-250/100,000 population per year.12 In Europe, from studies in six countries, an aggregate hospitalized plus fatal TBI incidence rate of about 235 per 100,000 was
COPD is one of the leading causes of hospital admissions and one in five COPD patients who are discharged from the hospital will be readmitted within 30 days. In the United States COPD is the third most common cause of death and in 2010 it cost the United States $49.9 billion (Pietrangelo,
Senior Care Services: Benefits of Group Exercise Exercise is important for people of all ages. It takes on even extra importance as we age. Not only do seniors tend to lose muscle mass, but they also suffer from a number of ailments that require the benefits of exercise such as osteoporosis, arthritis, and an increased risk of coronary heart disease, diabetes, and depression. Many times seniors start an exercise program with the best of intention, but they soon quit.