38) Nine millimolar of Na⁺Cl⁻ is placed inside to fill the left beaker. 39) Deionized Water is placed inside to fill the right beaker. 40) A sixty-minute timer was started to see how the 9 Na⁺Cl⁻ (mM) solvent diffuses through the 200 (MWCO) Dialysis Membrane. 41)
Once the samples become frozen, put in a lyophilizer at a temperature of -109 degrees Celsius. The samples are allowed to completely dry. After 6 hours remove from the lyophilizer. Acetonitrile at a PH of 7 (neutral) is added to each of the test tube samples. Mix the samples on a vertex shaker for 3 minutes and transfer to a 20 ml centrifuge tube and place in a TurboVap under 5-psi nitrogen at room temperature and allow it to completely dry.
reaction was carried out at 70±2° C for 6 hour with constant stirring. After completion of the process it was cooled to room temperature and resultant polymer solution was poured in the large amount of methanol with stirring when polymer precipitated out. It was filtered and washed with methanol. The polymer was purified by repeated precipitation using methanol from solution in DMF and then it dried. 2.3 Preparation of PS
This diluted solution will be used in the assay as duplicate samples. Then, 1.0mL of standard glycine solution containing (7.5mg/mL) was diluted to 100mL with water using a volumetric flask. This solution contains 1.0µmole/mL of glycine. 8 tubes were set up according to the following protocol and 2.0mL of ninhydrin reagent was then added to each of the 8 tubes and were placed in a boiling water bath for 20 minutes. After 20 minutes, the tubes from the bath was carefully removed, cooled in a beaker of cold water, then 8.0mL of 50% ethanol was added and mixed well.
A total of 30 g of seaweed Sargassum sp. washed and dried. The dried seaweed soaked in a solution of 0.4% formalin for 6 hours and 1% HCl solution for 1 hour and then washed with distilled water to pH neutral. Furthermore, seaweed cut added a solution of Na2CO32% with a ratio of 1:30 (w/v). Subsequently extracted by Microwave at power level 70 for 16 minutes and then filtered.
2. Experimental 2.1. Catalyst preparation The CuMnOx catalyst was prepared by the co-precipitation method, the aqueous solution manganese acetate (Mn(CH3COO)2.4H2O) and copper (II) nitrate (Cu(NO3)2.2.5H2O) were premixed by stirring for 1 hour. After the proper mixing of the copper nitrate and manganese acetate solution, it was added to the aqueous KMnO4 solution by a burette under the stirring conditions.
The supernatant was collected to obtain the lipoproteins by gradient density ultracentrifugation: 10ml of the yolk solution were taken and then 0.9 g of potassium bromide (KBr) was added. The bromide was dissolved with a smooth agitation, with care not to denature the proteins. Straight afterwards, saline solution was added (NaCl 0.16 M, pH=7) to the 10ml of the yolk solution with a Pasteur pipette, avoiding the sample diffusion, forming two phases and filling the tube completely. The ultracentrifugation was carried out during 19.5 h at 4ºC and 45000 rpm. (244.500 x g) in a Kontron Centrikon T-2190 ultracentrifuge in a TFT 50.38 rotor,
A control extract is prepared (5ml of DAE) to a test tube, which is then placed in boiling waterbath for 10minutes, after 10minutes remove the control extract and leave it to cool at room temperature. In order to determine the amylase activity, one drop of iodine is dropped into 21 labelled wells on the ceramic test plates. A reaction mixture is prepared, 5ml of buffer and 1ml of 0.5% starch solution to a test tube. Extract one drop from the reaction mixture to the well labelled T.
Every 20 min, 30 ml of sterile distilled water was add¬ed into the outside buffer and repeated 5 times to make a dilutional factor of 2.5. The dialysis bag was transferred into 100 ml of isoos¬motic buffer; pH 7.45 and incubated at 37°C for 1 h. Generated pores of RBCs’ membrane loaded with FVIII reversed into normal in isotonic media. The isoosmotic buffer was contained: 0.036 mM KH2PO4/KOH, 0.04 mM MgCl2, 0.84 mM NaCl, 0.18 mM glucose, and 0.27 mM adenosine. The RBC-carriers washed 3–4 times in sterile phys-iological saline by centrifugation (1250 g, 10 min) to remove hemoglobin and unloaded factor
The silver ion TLC was prepared through the following procedure: Silver nitrate was dissolved in 10 ml of distilled water. This aqueous solution of silver nitrate was absolutely mixed with 9 g of silica gel (10 ~ 40 μm particles). Then, a 10 × 5 cm TLC plate was coated with the above slurry and activated for 1 h at 90 °C before use. They were immediately transferred into a desiccator in dark for storage after cooling. 32 100 μL of afore-prepared sample solution and the mixed reference standard were diluted 100 times with ethyl acetate.
The purpose of this experiment was to learn about metal hydride reduction reactions. Therefore, the sodium borohydride reduction of the ketone, 9-fluorenone was performed to yield the secondary alcohol, 9-fluorenol. Reduction of an organic molecule usually corresponds to decreasing its oxygen content or increasing its hydrogen content. In order to achieve such a chemical change, sodium borohydride (NaBH4) is used as a reducing agent. There are other metal hydrides used in the reduction of carbonyl groups such as lithium aluminum hydride (LiAlH4).