I’ve realized that I am a much more productive student when I’m not stressed. I get better results with the same input--by not panicking; thus maximizing my learning potential. My easygoing nature facilitates efficiency, and it will prove to be an advantageous quality in college, my future career, and my personal relationships.
Stress is something we all go through and over time our stress beings to build up. Many believe that stress starts to impact one 's life by the time they start middle school or the beginning of their teenage years. The transition from elementary to middle school into high school can be very intense. Students become highly influenced by their surroundings which makes them susceptible to descended into unhealthy coping mechanisms. At this point in time their lives are shifting dramatically, they will be encountering many different people.
My research paper will be focusing on the HPA (Hypothalamus-Pituitary Gland-Adrenal Gland) axis activation in response to stress with a focus on the harmful side effects of the end product of the HPA axis, cortisol hormone. I would also like to bring to attention how stress response can vary in different individuals with certain predisposition that can cause them to have severe physical responses to stress later in life, such as diabetes and cardiac health issues. My lens will be focusing on how college students, in particular, cope with stress while highlighting which coping methods they are using and evaluating how effective they are. Word Count: 104 Annotated Bibliography Brougham, Ruby R., et al.
Gerlach-Spriggs, Kaufman, and Warner (1998, 37) add that stress also causes measurably increased muscle tension and changes in brain wave function and mental concentration. This is used in times of danger and high stress to give the body an extra boost to escape harm. When a person enters a hospital, the sympathetic response occurs and is active during and after a patient’s stay. This response slows the healing process and decreases the effectiveness of medical treatment in the hospital setting. The parasympathetic division performs the opposite function; it calms the body down.
The amygdala is a region in the brain that's associated with fear conditioning and emotions. It is activated when people look at frightening photos or any frightening stimuli. The amygdala is also activated when you look at photos of widely disliked people and widely admired people for example watching pictures of Hitler or Martin Luther king. But what happens if you damage your amygdala? image source: Wonderopolis People with damage to the amygdala do not lose their emotions, that is they can continue to feel fear, anger, happiness and other emotions just like normal people.
The following experiment is to test the levels of fear one may be experiencing during an event. Fear is defined as, “a distressing emotion aroused by impending danger, evil, pain, etc., whether the threat is real or imagined; the feeling or condition of being afraid” (Dictionary.com). According to behavioral neuroscience studies, it is found that the feeling of fear, as well as most emotions, can be associated with a small almond-shaped structure in the brain called the amygdala (Cheng, Knight, & Smith, 2003). In studies with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), when the participant is afraid, activation of the amygdala is seen through the fMRI. On the other hand, the body physically reacts to this feeling of fear and one’s heart rate may rise, as well as the blood pressure, and the body will sometimes begin to sweat.
The amygdala relates back to human emotions, and new research shows that motivation is a factor in what makes that part of the brain active. The purpose of the research was to figure out how much of an impact motivation makes instead of emotion in the amygdala. In the experiment, fifty-four women were given testerone and shown pictures of happy and angry faces. They would either reject or approach the faces while in a brain scan. It was also a double blind, placebo controlled study which adds to the credibility of the experiment.
Criminals are driven by anger caused by events that happen to them or to the people close to them. Those with more anger seem to cause more violence. People happen to call this “Trigger behavior”. Trigger behavior is the amygdala, a part of your brain which helps support your emotions.
The amygdala, the seat of emotion and motivation, is a fascinating telencephalic component of our limbic system located in the anterior temporal lobe. Scientific advancements in the field of neuroscience have revealed that this almond shaped wonder is a versatile emotional genius contributing to various facets of cognition. The term amygdala, first mentioned by the German physician and anatomist Karl Friedrich Burdach (1819), is composed of lateral, basal and accessory basal nuclei, collectively termed as the basolateral amygdala. Though the surrounding central, medial and cortical nuclei, are often included in the 'amygdala complex', it is the basolateral amygdala that accepts the sensory input from thalamus (sensory relay station), hippocampus
If one simply tries to rethink stress not as a sign that they are not coping well with pressure but as their body’s attempt to make them stronger for the situation at hand, the physical and mental effects of stress change greatly. They were less stressed, less anxious, and more confident in themselves. But a truly interesting bit was the physical response when the person was like this. “Now, in a typical stress response, your heart rate goes up, and your blood vessels constrict like this. And this is one of the reasons that chronic stress is sometimes associated with cardiovascular disease.
The psychological function of energy development explains the reasoning behind our motives and behaviors. This function incudes the amygdala and hypothalumus. The amygdala associates perceptions with memories, so in Freud’s (1910) discussion about a patient with hysteria. Dr. Breuer’s patient had hysteria and did not drink the water out of the glass. After therapy, Breuer comes to the conclusions that since the patient previously saw her professor‘s (who she disliked) dog drinking out of a glass her unconscious mind always codnitioned a water glass with the dog, making her not wanting to drink water from a glass.
At the fundamental level a memory is formed when a stimulus from (usually) the external environment excites a receptor, say the eye or ear. That receptor converts that physical stimulus into an electro/chemical/protein/etc. signal that travels through the brain’s neural network. The signal goes first to the thalamus which is the distribution point in the brain’s limbic system. The signal then goes immediately to the amygdala which checks it for real or perceived threat. The amygdala is the gatekeeper of the emotional brain and the centre of emotional memory.
Put forward, if stress is used positively it can be seen as a motivator to improve quality and quantity of the outcome (Kumari & Gatria, 2012). By viewing this stressful situation as a positive challenge, paired with a proactive mindset I could have reshaped my environment in order to solve the problem. For example, I do not have a laptop so if I go to campus early or stay later I can work on my assignments and work in the computer labs and library resources thus, finishing my work before the due date and submitting on time. Changing the environment and perception of the stressor, I can channel a positive outcome (Zu et al., 2017). However, it is important to note that most positive outcomes of highly stressful situations are in fact influenced by the individual’s personality, skills, characteristics and coping strategies (Schiffrin & Nelson, 2010, Zu et al., 2017).
Everyone goes through stress, but they shouldn't let stress get to them. I have faced adversity many times but I've deal with it very well. I become stressed because I feel like there are people who depend on me getting good grade which make thing more stressful. Sometimes I am glad that there are people around me that depend on my future. I know for sure that if I didn't have these people in my life I wouldn't care about anything in life.