For Hindus, The Ramayana is more than an exhilarating tale of love and war. The ancient epic provides guidance on marriage, values human imperfection, glorifies nature, and emphasizes the auspiciousness of the stars. While the first version of The Ramayana appeared around two thousand years ago, the ideas that pervade it continue to influence Hindu life. Marital Devotion The theme of marital devotion functions as the plot’s impetus. The discordance between two separate depictions of marriage in The Ramayana force the reader to look at the text more closely to discern the true nature of the ideal marriage.
The Bhagavad Gita is one of the most important philosophical and religious classics in the world. It systematically synthesizes both rational analysis and religious inspiration in answering the fundamental questions of existence. The major ideas woven together in the Gita has their roots in ancient Indian texts like the Vedas, the Upanishads, and the Samkhya and Yoga systems. A number of chapters in the Gita are soaked in the concept of the three gunas of the Samkhya Philosophy. These three gunas are ‘satwa’, ‘rajas’ and ‘tamas’.
The Two Great Indian Epics The Indian mythology consists of two great ancient epics The Mahabharata and The Ramayana. The Mahabharata was authored by Veda Vyasa known so as he had also compiled the four Vedas. Ramayana was authored by Valmiki. Both epics revolve around the concept of dharma and in both epics the protagonist is an avatar of Vishnu. Bhagavad Gita: What Krishna told Arjuna Bhagavad Gita is one of the most important texts in Hinduism as in it, god speaks directly to man.
Like observed by Ramanujan, the difference in the way the episode of Ahalya has been narrated by Valmiki and Kampan can be traced to the influence Tamil bhakti had on Kampan. Religion has not only had an effect on the way the story is narrated but a few religious beliefs like that of the Jains about Ravana has the effect of adding a completely new dimension to the story. As per the Hindu belief Rama has always been worshiped as God but the Jains on the other hand are a strong believer of that the Hindu version of Ramayana is highly exaggerated and unreasonable. The Jains have stories which portray Ravana as a noble man who got carried away by the beauty of a women and that ultimately lead to his end. Also, the Hindus worship Rama as Lord whereas the Jains believe him to be an evolved Jain man who is in his last birth hence, does not commit a sin by killing Ravana.
The Bhagavad-Gita is significant as a scriptural form in that it contains the idea of revelation occurring through incarnation. God (Visnu) incarnates himself in the human form of Krishna, a prince and chariot driver, to teach people divine truth. (Symbolized by Arjuna, the warrior whose chariot Krishna drives) The story of The Bhagavad-Gita is start with Krishna joins Arjuna on the eve of battle between two related dynasties, the Pandavas and the Kauravas. Arjuna sees his own relatives on both opposing sides and is full of anxiety. Disguised as his charioteer, Krishna explains how one should follow one’s calling in life and for Arjuna this is as a warrior.
She teaches the art of seeing beauty in everything around us and attaining happiness through the same. Ganga Yes, river Ganga is also a form of goddess. Her existence is felt all over India and for betterment. She teaches that we should leave our mark everywhere we go and give something good for people to remember us. Chinnamasta Her image is gory with a garland of human skull around her neck and no head on her shoulder.
This also happens to be one of the most priceless documents written during the time of ancient India. It contains ten “Mandalas” or chapters, one thousand twenty eight “Suktas” which are sacred Sanskrit hymns along with ten thousand six hundred verses in totality. These Suktas are basically acknowledgements addressed to several Hindu gods which personify the powers of nature. There are a number of Hindu gods mentioned in the Rig Veda, most importantly among them being Indra and Varuna. There are several verses which are recited in the form of Hindu prayers at many religious Hindu functions and a number of other occasions, thus making the Rig Veda one of the oldest religious written pieces of the world in use.
Hindu law,belief, and rites of passage. Upanishads are philosophical texts that deal with reality and eternity. It introduces the issue of reincarnation. Bhagavad-Gita is an epic poem that is written in the form of a dialogue between the hero Arjuna and the deity Krishna. The Hindus believe there is only one true god who is the creator of the universe.
To realize epic literature has become cultural hegemonic symbol, first one need to understand when this epic formed and how it proliferated. Kulapuranas are the continuation for the Ashtadasa purana which is written in Sanskrit, which is why one needs to understand the emergence of the presence of the Sanskrit puranas, not only that but also the political and cultural circumstances need to be understood to comprehend the hidden politics. Likewise Puranas have been spread like a memory from one generation to the other. During the time of Mauryas, Sungas, Satavahanas, Guptas, Puranas have been formed. It has been proved that the history of kings have been described in those Puranas.
Ramayana is one of the greatest Indian epic of all time. The story tells us about the life in India in around 1000 BC in dharma, Ramayana is about a prince called Rama who lived by the rules dharma. He was a perfect son, a perfect husband and a responsible ruler and that is why Indians considers him heroic. Ramayana was written by a Brahmin named Valmiki in Sanskrit language which is 24000 couplet-long and was later transformed into many different languages like Chinese, Thai, Telugu, Bengali, Kashmiri, and Tamil. The first epic was written in around the start of the Common Era.