An Analysis Of Candide Novel By Voltaire 'Novel'

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Literature has been the mirror that reflects the image of the society and observes the behavior of people in their daily life.

Literature represented in drama, poetry, plays, novels or short stories. My topic is about one element of these mentioned above. It is about a literary aspect seen in the story of Candide novella by the famous French author Voltaire.

This period known as the expansion of European power. This novella classified as one of travel literature. Novella taken from the German translation of the story (Doctor Ralph). Novella was classified as part of the Utopian literature which aims to perfect, also it was classified as a parable, fable, philosophical or symbolic tale. It focused on an indirect satire. Pangloss and his student Candide is represented as a symbol of optimism for the critics.

Francois Marie Arouet, known as Voltaire, he is from France and he is born on 21 November 1694 and died on 30 may 1778. Voltaire educated by the Jesuit at the College Louis le Grand. He was a writer, philosopher, playwright and historian. He has a lot of literary works such as poems, plays, essays and novels. One of his famous novels is called Candide or Optimism. Candide is a novella. It is shorter than a novel and larger than a short story. Candide first appeared and published in last January 1759. In this novel, Voltaire wrote it to response to philosophy believe the Optimism like Leibniz. Leibniz portray the world is the best world because god created
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