He says that in small part thanks to new electronic media, ranging from film to television, standardization and stereotyping of the orient has intensified the 19th century’s orientalist understanding of “the mysterious Orient.” He gives the primary example of the Middle East and the Western perception of Arabs and Islam. Of three chief reasons he gives for the growth of this problem, at least two can be directly attributed to orientalism. The first is the history of anti-Arab and anti-Islamic prejudices prevalent in the West, the third is the absence of a cultural position to identify Arabs or Islam. By creating an other, through the dichotomy between occident and orient, identification has been made near impossible, and by furthering a imperialist ideology through academic discourse for centuries, prejudices have become
The article I will be discussing is “The Myth of American Isolationism” by Bear Braumoeller. The article addresses the mistaken belief that America was a highly isolationist state during the interwar period. Braumoeller argues the exact opposite, that America was involved in European affairs and the rest of the world. The article effectively argues that American isolationism in this period is a misconception. It is important because understanding the truth behind the false belief allows for a better understanding of the era as a whole and its relevance to current policy.
These binaries include history and literature, fact and fiction, and reality and imagination to mention just a few. According to them there shouldn’t be a distinction between these notions, rather they should be put together and presented as a whole to create a unified picture and a better understanding of, for example, history. Aside from these binaries, postmodernists have questioned two important notions that were set by the enlightenment thinkers and that are closely related to our understanding of the relationship between history on the one hand and fiction on the other as presented by Don DeLillo. These notions are ‘positivist history’ and ‘the universal subject’. Positivist history is the
Ayer, a member of the Vienna Circle, who argued that the philosophy of morals was a “pseudo-concept” that could not be argued for or against. Charles L. Stevenson brought Ayer’s thinking to America where he incorporated the ideas of logical positivism into the discussion of ethics. Stevenson argued that moral statements were not scientific facts but rather were matters of opinion. This shift in thinking completely rocked the essence of what America knew as morality. With this change came the
Mr. Baldwin believes that the flawed American writers should confront these issues of what it means to be American. Those writers that are enlightened moved writers felt the need to move to Europe. This age-old question can’t be answered in a single word. It is a question that one needs to discover for oneself through deep thought as Mr. Baldwin and many writers did in Europe. His opinion holds truths on the current state of society of those who are less enlightened.
Said´s thesis on Orientalism (1978) and proposes that farang is an Occidentalising project conceived and conducted through Siam´s constantly changing historical and cultural experiences with and against the West. Edward Said is well known for his work on colonialism and orientalism in which he criticizes how knowledge about the Orient has been shaped. He directly challenged what Euro-American scholars traditionally referred to as "Orientalism", which is an entrenched structure of thought, a pattern of making certain generalizations about the part of the world known as the Orient. Orientalism is a way of coming to terms with the Orient that is based on the Orient´s special place in European-Western experience. It has helped to define Europe
What is it about, empirically? (What is being studied as the object?) The book was formulated using an argumentative approach that primarily focuses on the racial ideology that cemented Asian stereotypes in American culture. In addition, the author effectively utilizes different sociopolitical epochs ranging from the conclusion of the second world war to the Reagan-Bush administration era in order to accurately contextualize the racial category many Asians were forced to occupy in American Society. With that in mind, the scale of the argument put forth by the author is limited in it’s applicability because it focuses on the social condition that prevailed during that time in American culture.
In one of our earliest Honors Colloquium discussions, we were asked to consider the purpose of a Liberal Arts education, as well as the priorities and concerns confounding the millennial mindset, especially in the present sociopolitical climate. In my initial reflection, I merely scratched the surface in what I surmised from the Liberal Arts chronology, and what it carries to the table for us, as students at Saint Michael’s College. Whilst it has its own imperfections, I said, there is no better way for us to attain the wider breadth of knowledge, reserved not simply to our respective fields of study, but allowing for furthered collaboration across the board. From here, the sources we read brought clarity through shedding light on the pivotal balance between the arts and the sciences.
The publication of Walter Scott’s Waverly changed Europe’s relationship with its history permanently. The past had long been of interest only to dusty scholars but , the advent of historical fiction threw historys doors open to the masses. History became a pillar of national and cultural identity, as well as a mean of understanding politics and society. Yet can historical fiction truly be a tool for education? Can portrayals of history be both accurate and entertaining?
In Fitzgerald’s postwar 1920s, American cultural critics and intellectuals focused in on Nietzsche’s philosophies of morality and tried to apply Nietzsche’s philosophies on modern subjectivity to modern American culture, something Fitzgerald himself addresses in The Great Gatsby. In Mailer’s postwar period, Nietzschean and Kierkegardian existentialisms remained a part of America’s mounting discourse on the applicability of existentialism to American culture, yet Mailer writes An American Dream at the moment existential psychology is substituted the traditional Freudian and Jungian approaches to psychoanalysis in America, a moment when Heideggerian philosophy and psychology flooded American discourse, a moment Mailer capture in An American Dream. Yet even though the explicit cultural moments and the precise philosophies each of these writers engage with diverge, they find frequent ground in their shared existential vision of the dilemmas of and remedies for the modern individual and the modern, “civilized”