The Harlem renaissance was given it name by the cultural, social, and artistic that took place in Harlem during 1920s and 1930s. The Harlem renaissance was the culture period for African Americans, most of them were writers, poets, artist, musicians, photographers and scholars. Many of African American came from the south to Harlem where they can freely express their talents. Many African Americans where recognized during the Harlem Renaissance were Langston Hughes, Countee Cullen, Zora Neale Hurston, Arna Bontemps and etc. The Harlem renaissance was more than a movement for the African Americans, it involve racial pride in the African American community expressing their fueled demanding civil and political rights in their talents in Harlem.
Poets Claude Mckay and Langston Hughes are both well known for their literary contributions to the Harlem Renaissance. Roughly spanning from the 1910s to the 1930s, about two decades, the Harlem Renaissance is pinned as the intellectual, social, and artistic explosion of African American culture. At the same time, African Americans were treated as second-class citizens and dealt with a common consensus of disdain from the white folk. Authors and poets during this time were determined to write on the sufferings and strengths within the black culture. Through literary works such as "America" by Claude McKay and "Freedom" by Langston Hughes, the struggles encompassing the black experience are realistically portrayed through reoccurring themes
Introdution Quicksand was writen by Nella Larsen in America. First published in 1928 by Knopf to enthusiastic reviews. In a Crisis review educator, called it the best piece of fiction that Negro America has produced since the day of Charles Chesnutt and From the Dark Tower author Davis considered the character of Helga Crane the most intriguing and complex character in Harlem Renaissance fiction. In many ways, this book contributed to African American Writers and considered a critique of a society in which self-expression and autonomy are not allowed, especially for black women. Nella Larsen was born Nellie Walker on April 13, 1891, in Chicago, Illinois, to immigrant parents.
Claude McKay was a Jamaican poet during the Harlem Renaissance. He had such a strong literary voice that guided him into publishing many novels, essays, and poems, including “Home to Harlem.” Zora Neal Hurston was an American civil rights activist as well as a writer, and anthropologist during the Harlem Renaissance. She published more books and essays than any women in America, including “How it Feels to Be Colored Me.”
In a time when the United States was hurling into a decade full of change with regards to society, with flappers and the New Negro Movement, many American citizens change the idea of themselves. Women turned their modest, Victorian image of themselves into a modern Flapper. African American citizens began to challenge the second class position given to them by fellow white Americans. With the New Negro Movement and the First Great Migration came the Jazz age, the explosion of a new musical and cultural phenomenon, from which the Harlem Renaissance sprouted from. However, the explosion of change brought about by women and African Americans was met with resistance led by the resurged Ku Klux Klan, which specifically targeted African Americans.
The Harlem Renaissance also known as The New Negro Movement was an explosion of African American culture during the 1920s to the mid-1930s through literature, dance, music, theater, and paintings. The Harlem Renaissance may have been located in the heart of Harlem but the impact was felt all across the United States. The Harlem Renaissance gave a voice to a race that had only been seen as slaves. Harlem is located in New York City, New York. The Harlem Renaissance was centered in the Harlem District in New York City.
The Harlem Renaissance was named Harlem Renaissance because of a cultural, social, and artistic breakout that occurred in Harlem between the end of the World War 1 and the middle of the 1930’s. Although the renaissance had many people who had something to deal with literature, The Renaissance was more that a literary movement. You might be asking how so? Well, it involved racial pride for African Americans, seeming that they weren 't able to do what because of their race. The Renaissance included jazz and blues,which attracted Caucasians to Harlem.
In modern day history, Executive Order 8802 granted The United States’ a first black president, Barack Obama. As a country, The United States has experienced many hardships and accomplishments, but it is what makes America a strong country. FDR took a grand leap in issuing Executive Order 8802 ,as it changed the lives’ of many who had been stripped of their voice for years, and finally began to regain it with Executive Order
This was a time where many African Americans migrated north to be a part of a more civic, industrialized society. The African American people migrated so far north that they made it to the streets of Harlem, New York, earning this new Negro movement its name. Aaron Douglas is one of many black artists from the Harlem Renaissance and was the “first modern Black artist to use traditional African roots” in his artwork (1). Douglas was also the first president of the Harlem Artist Guild. He worked to help other African American artists find employment, as it was difficult to do so considering that “with this rebirth of traditional African culture, the number of African American artists rapidly increased” (1).
And because of this it resulted in the growth of a new urban culture. An example in New York City was Harlem, which was formerly an all-white neighborhood. By the 1920s New York City housed about 200,000 African Americans. Many new migrants found jobs where the working conditions were outrageous
Since many colored people migrated to America after World War One the increase in numbers helped The National Association for Colored People grow. The NAACP was a group of sixty white and black people, including W.E.B. Du Bois, Ida Bell Wells-Barnett, Mary White Ovington, and others focused on racial equality. They wanted to make everyone be able to have the rights for the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendment. The 13th amendment promised no more slavery, The 14th amendment promised equal protection, the 15th amendment promised universal adult male suffrage.
They began to express this new found freedom during the 1920s, when almost 1 million African Americans left the South and migrated to New York, Chicago and other urban centers (Foner 796). A new term called the "New Negro" came into play, which in art meant the rejection of established stereotypes and a search for black values to put in their place (Foner 797). This established a quest led by writers which birthed the Harlem Renaissance to show the roots of the black experience (Foner 797). The Harlem Renaissance is where we see African Americans really express their freedom because Harlem contained a vibrant black cultural community that established links with New York 's artistic mainstream (Foner 796). For the first time Broadway presented a black actor in a serious role and African Americans were also seen in shows like Dixie to Broadway and Blackbirds (Foner 797).
African Americans have scored major gains, especially in the political realm. The Voting Rights Act of 1965 has brought dramatic increases in the size of the black electorate. African Americans have become an important voting bloc in most urban centers as well as in many areas of the rural South. The number of black elected officials has more than quadrupled. Black mayors started governing many of our largest cities.