“The Middle East, which has been converted by Russia ,Would today be prized more than ever by international communism.” Thesis: While all Cold War presidents wanted to stop communism,they all had different ideas on how to accomplish that issue.President truman used economic aid. President Eisenhower focused on military aid.President Kennedy used military use. During the cold war was an period of time were the United states and the Soviet union did not agree on things, like communism. The policy of containment was when the United states tried different things and many strategies to stop the spread of communism (Ayers 819). Eisenhower was all for the military aid and he wanted to cooperate with other countries.
However, the relationship between the two nations was a tense one. Soon after the Germans’ defeat, Soviet expansionism in Eastern Europe fueled many Americans’ fears of a Russian plan to control the world. In addition, President Reagan believed that the spread of communism anywhere threatened freedom everywhere. In such a hostile atmosphere, it almost seemed like the Cold War was inevitable. It wasn’t a typical war in the sense that it didn’t have traditional warfare or an abundance of casualties; instead, the Cold War was a subtle battle of control between the United States and Russia.
Many of Reagan’s firmness led the destruction and downfall of the evil empire. In 1991, Reagan aggressive policies toward the Soviet Union was a factor that ended the cold war. In the other hand his opposition said that only the good fortune of sane leadership in Moscow save us all from the nuclear apocalypse. Reagan diplomatic legacy was more that his admires or critics are likely to admit. Reagan did led his country to a victory in the cold war but his great accomplishment came in his second term in office when he abandoned his earlier stance toward the soviet and took a more flexible stance to better the relations with a reformist and leader of the soviet union Mikhail Gorbachev by acting as Gorbachev partner as much as his enemy.
Despite investing considerable quantities of human and material resources to support the South’s fight over control of Vietnam, the focus often diverted to concurrent threats such as West Germany. This notion, combined with the US’ determination to avoid a potential nuclear war that a communist defeat could catalyze, led to restraint in support and eventually its withdrawal from the conflict altogether. From the heavy casualties to a growing economic toll on the US, American citizens grew convinced that the superpower rivalry developed
He is considered to be the primary reason why he was not able to win the war in Vietnam as he overestimated the American people’s patience and tolerance of friendly losses. The Vietnam War gives valuable lessons that can be used in the present-day war campaigns. For one, the Vietnam War was based on deception that is the trend today as with the insurgents and terrorist groups. Though U.S. and South Vietnamese forces managed to hold off the Communist attacks, the offensive shocked and demoralized not only their forces but as well as the American public and further eroded support for the war effort. The victory gained by the ‘Tet offensive’ (CNN, 1988) that triggered the deliberate and shameful withdrawal of US forces from the region.
Many Americans post-world war II were afraid of the spread of communism because of their belief in the domino theory, if one country falls then the rest will too. Under external and internal pressures such as the failure of the Potsdam conference Harry Truman adopted a foreign policy during the early years of the cold war ( the late 40’s) called containment. The objective was to stop the spread of communism around the world by creating military alliances such as NATO ,and providing aid to unstable/weak countries through the Marshall Plan. Unfortunately, like many other U.S foreign policies it was effective at times, but also dreadfully ineffective. In order to combat the continuous spread of communism, Truman passed the Truman doctrine, which allowed for foreign intervention in countries affected by Communism.
The Cold War soon begins after the end of WW2 when Truman, the successor of Roosevelt became president in 1945 due to ideological differences between the two superpowers, United States and the Soviet Union. The Cold War had a massive impact on US politics as could be seen through the creation of political consensus between the Republican and Democrats in relation to the policy of containment that includes the Marshall plan, the establishment of the NATO, the NSC-68 report and also the Truman Doctrine as the response of George Kennan’s containment theory, which caused US politics to be specifically targeted at the Soviet Union. While there are political consensus to contain Communism, the Cold War had primarily polarised politics when McCarthy
The military conflict between Russia and the Mujahedeen (1980-1989) defines an important example of the use of guerrilla warfare that Mao Zedong instituted in the Three Stages of Insurgency. The first stage of Mao’s insurgency involves utilizing the bare minimum for survival, yet by also utilizing organizational skills to assemble a small fighting force. After the Soviets had invaded Afghanistan and taken the capital of Kabul, it seemed an obvious victory for the larger Russian forces. However, the local mujahedeen militias began to organize in areas of Afghanistan where the terrain was mountainous and difficult to traverse. The example of early the early survival of the Mujahedeen organization was founded in the Panjshir Valley.
Through the Vietnam and Korean wars, the U.S. and The Soviet Union pulled the strings. But, what really led to the defeat of the Soviet Union? What led to the defeat was, the fact that the Soviet Union’s economy severely suffered in the later years. The costs of an arms race and a crushing defeat in Afghanistan almost led to an economic collapse. That is of course until a man by the name of Mikhail Gorbachev stepped into power.
Hitler made countless mistakes in World War 2. Some mistakes had little effect on the war’s outcome, whereas others caused major problems for Hitler and his Nazis. One costly mistake that Hitler made was invading the United Soviet Socialists Republic, also known as ‘Operation Barbarossa’. In the years leading up to the invasion, the USSR and Germany signed a political and economic pact for strategic purposes.