“The Middle East, which has been converted by Russia ,Would today be prized more than ever by international communism.” Thesis: While all Cold War presidents wanted to stop communism,they all had different ideas on how to accomplish that issue. President truman used economic aid. President Eisenhower focused on military aid. President Kennedy used military use.
During the second World War, the United States and the Soviet Union fought together as allies against the Axis powers. However, the relationship between the two nations was a tense one. Soon after the Germans’ defeat, Soviet expansionism in Eastern Europe fueled many Americans’ fears of a Russian plan to control the world. In addition, President Reagan believed that the spread of communism anywhere threatened freedom everywhere. In such a hostile atmosphere, it almost seemed like the Cold War was inevitable.
Many of Reagan’s firmness led the destruction and downfall of the evil empire. In 1991, Reagan aggressive policies toward the Soviet Union was a factor that ended the cold war. In the other hand his opposition said that only the good fortune of sane leadership in Moscow save us all from the nuclear apocalypse. Reagan diplomatic legacy was more that his admires or critics are likely to admit.
However, the American military ultimately did not apply full force against the Northern combatants under the People’s Army of Vietnam (PAVN/NVA) and Viet Cong (VC). Despite investing considerable quantities of human and material resources to support the South’s fight over control of Vietnam, the focus often diverted to concurrent threats such as West Germany. This notion, combined with the US’ determination to avoid a potential nuclear war that a communist defeat could catalyze, led to restraint in support and eventually its withdrawal from the conflict altogether. From the heavy casualties to a growing economic toll on the US, American citizens grew convinced that the superpower rivalry developed
The Vietnam War gives valuable lessons that can be used in the present-day war campaigns. For one, the Vietnam War was based on deception that is the trend today as with the insurgents and terrorist groups. Though U.S. and South Vietnamese forces managed to hold off the Communist attacks, the offensive shocked and demoralized not only their forces but as well as the American public and further eroded support for the war effort. The victory gained by the ‘Tet offensive’ (CNN, 1988) that triggered the deliberate and shameful withdrawal of US forces from the region.
Many Americans post-world war II were afraid of the spread of communism because of their belief in the domino theory, if one country falls then the rest will too. Under external and internal pressures such as the failure of the Potsdam conference Harry Truman adopted a foreign policy during the early years of the cold war ( the late 40’s) called containment. The objective was to stop the spread of communism around the world by creating military alliances such as NATO ,and providing aid to unstable/weak countries through the Marshall Plan. Unfortunately, like many other U.S foreign policies it was effective at times, but also dreadfully ineffective. In order to combat the continuous spread of communism, Truman passed the Truman doctrine, which allowed for foreign intervention in countries affected by Communism.
The Cold War soon begins after the end of WW2 when Truman, the successor of Roosevelt became president in 1945 due to ideological differences between the two superpowers, United States and the Soviet Union. The Cold War had a massive impact on US politics as could be seen through the creation of political consensus between the Republican and Democrats in relation to the policy of containment that includes the Marshall plan, the establishment of the NATO, the NSC-68 report and also the Truman Doctrine as the response of George Kennan’s containment theory, which caused US politics to be specifically targeted at the Soviet Union. While there are political consensus to contain Communism, the Cold War had primarily polarised politics when McCarthy
The military conflict between Russia and the Mujahedeen (1980-1989) defines an important example of the use of guerrilla warfare that Mao Zedong instituted in the Three Stages of Insurgency. The first stage of Mao’s insurgency involves utilizing the bare minimum for survival, yet by also utilizing organizational skills to assemble a small fighting force. After the Soviets had invaded Afghanistan and taken the capital of Kabul, it seemed an obvious victory for the larger Russian forces. However, the local mujahedeen militias began to organize in areas of Afghanistan where the terrain was mountainous and difficult to traverse. The example of early the early survival of the Mujahedeen organization was founded in the Panjshir Valley.
But, what really led to the defeat of the Soviet Union? What led to the defeat was, the fact that the Soviet Union’s economy severely suffered in the later years. The costs of an arms race and a crushing defeat in Afghanistan almost led to an economic collapse. That is of course until a man by the name of Mikhail Gorbachev stepped into power. Gorbachev wanted nothing more than to bring the Cold War to an end.
Hitler made countless mistakes in World War 2. Some mistakes had little effect on the war’s outcome, whereas others caused major problems for Hitler and his Nazis. One costly mistake that Hitler made was invading the United Soviet Socialists Republic, also known as ‘Operation Barbarossa’. In the years leading up to the invasion, the USSR and Germany signed a political and economic pact for strategic purposes.
The Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan in order to aid its Marxist allies in the area, and make itself stronger. The best substance for this evidence has to do with an era of shifts in power in- January 1980 (January 20, 1980, E19). What does this shift in powers mean? It means the Soviet Union saw an opportunity for power and took it, essentially making themselves stronger and their enemies weaker, that’s where you get shift in power.
Hoekstra states: “Who would have thought in the early eighties that it would be President Reagan, who would sign with us the first nuclear-arms reduction agreement in history?” (Database) Regan was doubted time and time again while he was in office, but no one can deny his great accomplishments of ending Communism. The INF Treaty was one of the biggest achievements Regan attained. Another way Regan took a hands-on approach to ending Communism was eventually ending the Cold War. Many presidents before Regan tried to threaten the Soviets and use force to end the Cold War.
At the end of World War Two, the American public, political scientists, government officials, and Winston Churchill share the opinion that long-term hostilities between America and Soviet Russia were inevitable. In February of 1946, special advisor George Kennan confirms an existing political threat from Soviet Russia his “Long Telegram”. Since Kennan’s transmission, American foreign policy objectives became equated to American containment of communism. Determining which President achieves the most and least effective leadership requires establishing a metric. At the risk of generalizing, the criteria for effective American Presidential leadership during the Cold War is: establishing and executing effective foreign policy; protecting American
The Cold War was an event that directly impacted and influenced many aspects of American society during most of the second half of the 20th century. It mainly intensified due to the antagonistic values of the feuding America and Soviet Union who were each representative of opposing principles. Because they were the two remaining superpowers to emerge from the conflict of WWII the contention between democracy and capitalism soon became a global conflict. The Cold War was unlike any other in the sense that it was as much of a propagandists war as one that included direct military engagement. Although the Korean and Vietnam Wars were important examples of military intervention by the Americans in the name of containing communism these wars did
Kennan proposed that the United States aid in the development of democratic countries by giving them economic and political support, military equipment and training, and also waging war against communist regimes if necessary. Rebels would be given support so that they could overthrow the ruling communist governments. Kennan 's ideas were heavily criticized by newspapers, but his idea of blocking the expansion of Soviet influence remained a key interest and main strategy of the United States throughout the Cold War. Containment was first used during the Korean War in which NATO forces intervened and fought off North Korean and Chinese forces from taking over all of Korea and creating a communist government. The Korean War ended