The fundamental difference between the two is that Plato approaches reality through rational inquiry and regards love as mediator between the two worlds. Its goal is to find truth, which is objective, impersonal and outside the human soul, only to be looked and admired like a perfect piece of “art”. While as Rumi’s idea of love is irrational. In Rumi love and reason are contradictory. Reason for Rumi is light and a guide, but love is the goal.
The History of Beauty Umberto Eco raises the question in his work ‘why is the history of beauty documented solely through works of art?’ As Eco states, art is what we are left as examples. As a result, it gives us an insight into beauty standards throughout time and of different cultures around the world. Furthermore, artists ideally strive to create something that is appealing to the eye of the viewer, but also what the artist themselves envisions as beauty. However, what one may see as beautiful may not be so through another’s gaze, which leads me onto my next point about beauty and desire. Beauty & Desire Firstly, if something is considered good, it does not mean that it is beautiful or that there is a desire for it.
This paper explores the similarities and differences in Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics and John Stuart Mill’s Utilitarianism to coin a position in whether or not happiness is the ultimate end that human society aspires to acquire. In a critique of both the works, the paper adopts the Aristotelian thought citing that actions of human aims to fulfill goodness, which arguably is the happiness, one that arises from virtues practiced out of habit. Both the philosophers weigh in heavily on the role of happiness in the day to day lifestyles of humans. Adopting a sharp critic to the conventional principles of utility, Mill recognizes that happiness, as opposed to pleasure has a wider space in human attainments. He goes in deeper to explore the levels of pleasure
"Richard Cory's Suicide: A Psychoanalyst's View." Colby Library Quarterly, series 11, no.3, September 1975, p.150-159 https://digitalcommons.colby.edu/cq/vol11/iss3/5. Accessed 1 Mar 2018. Mays, Kelly J. ed. “Theme and Tone.” The Norton Introduction to Literature.
This is because what it is or what it means, it can never be said. It suffuses an object without telling why nor it has any need to ask the question. A definition (of beauty) that should really define must be nothing less than the exposition of the origin, place, and elements of beauty as an object of human experience. On the other hand, we must learn from it, as far as possible, why, when, and how beauty appears, what conditions an object must fulfil to be beautiful, what elements of our nature make us sensible of beauty, and what the relation is between the constitution of the object and the excitement of our susceptibility. Beauty without pleasure is not beauty, and good with (the net effect of ) pain is not good.
Kant’s subjectivisation of aesthetics was brought about by his discovery of certain a priori elements which went beyond empirical universality. In both taste and in aesthetic judgment, there is a “supra-empirical norm”. Models of judgement help, but they, in themselves, cannot replace the experience of taste “In taste nothing is known of the objects judged to be beautiful, but is stated only that there is a feeling of pleasure connected with them a priori in the subjective consciousness” (ibid., 38). Aesthetic appreciation therefore, for Kant, is a free play of the imagination; a subjective relationship which equally has a claim to universality, and it is valid in itself. Taste is valid in the conception of Kant for two fundamental reasons:
Utilitarianism is a relativistic ethic because each time the outcomes of each ethical questions will be different. Utilitarianism considers the consequences of the action as an assessment of whether an action is morally right or wrong. The beginnings of utilitarianism are often accredited to Jeremy Bentham. Bentham adopted the view of Hedonism which states that the only thing intrinsically good, or right, is pleasure (Nathanson, n.d.). Bentham stated that “nature has placed mankind under the governance of two sovereign masters, pain and pleasure.
Retrieved April 04, 2017, from https://sites.google.com/a/hightechhigh.org/hannah-s-humanities-dp/final-drafts/feminism-the-scarlet-letter 3. Hawthorne, N. (1850). The Scarlet Letter (2017), New Delhi, India: Peacock Books. ISBN:
For there is a source where we know what we know about beauty and it should come from a place that is absolute for us to recognize it as beauty. Since the body is only a glimpse of something from higher source. We can’t comprehend what is most real, and we are chasing for these essences and not the essence itself. This is how the dialogue between these two philosophers as the wait outside of the court. Plato’s Phaedo will use an argument to support this view by providing the argument from opposites.