The Age of Enlightenment was a period of time when a movement of intellectuals strove to create tolerance of religion, separation of state and church, as well as removing complete power of the monarch. The Glorious Revolution of 1688, followed many Enlightenment principles. The cause of this revolution was the people’s displeasure with the Catholic king, James II, in hopes of turning the country to Protestantism, William of Orange, the king of Holland, and his wife Mary II, James oldest child. This quick and almost bloodless revolution put William of Orange of the English throne, gaining Protestants religious freedom, but suppressed the freedoms of Catholics. Although the Glorious Revolution was fueled in part by religious intolerance, ultimately the Glorious Revolution was a direct outcome of the Age of Enlightenment.
The people saw this Leader come in and completely disregard all English customs and ways of government and viewed James II as a harsh and out of touch leader who pushed Catholicism onto England. The glorious revolution signified a key step into the idea democracy. It showed the colonist that a leader who they feel is corrupt or unfit can be replaced. Although this did not immediately make the colonies fight for independence from England, it did create a revolutionary spirit the
Thomas Paine wrote Common Sense to convince the American people that they needed independence from England. In order to make it widespread and popular, the pamphlet had to be accessible, with language that everyone could understand. Of course, the language that was considered accessible in 1776 isn 't necessarily accessible in 2018. Enter Lin-Manuel Miranda (she says in parentheses). His musical, Hamilton, modernizes Common Sense 's wordy view on America: the country is on the brink of chaos because being England 's income creates pointless enemies for America.
In the American society as well, as mentioned before, the American people themselves has no representation in parliament and hence were under the severely oppressive rule of the British government. Therefore as we can see, there was a common need for freedom from the ruling body (“A Comparison of the French Revolution and American Revolution”). This idea that one of the main aims of these revolutions was political freedom, fits with Arendt’s idea of revolution as well hence demonstrating the fact that these were indeed revolutions. On the other hand, one significant difference that is related to the societies that were present is the involvement of various classes of people in the revolutions themselves. The French revolution cut across class boundaries and involved people from all sections from societies (“A Comparison of the French Revolution and American Revolution”).
These ideas and beliefs would cause a revolution in France, causing the French Revolution (1789 to 1799). “The French Revolution actualized the Enlightenment 's greatest intellectual breakthrough: detaching the political from the theocratic” (Mishra 3). By the peasants realizing things were unfair with Nobles, Kings, and other high social figures at the time were getting there way, like not having to pay taxes. The Enlightenment is what fueled the French Revolution, by people having new ideas about social justice. “Its leading voices combined confidence in the human mind and human enterprise inspired by scientific revolution and faith in the power of rational criticism to challenge the intellectual authority of tradition and the christian past” (Kagan 589).
Enlightenment?” Between the 18th and 19th centuries, two considerable revolutions reflected the ideals of the Enlightenment.Though these ideals played a substantial role in both revolutions, they were more significantly shown in the American Revolution. The French Revolution began with intentions following the Enlightenment ideals but ended up with strong feelings of fear driving the people rather than princples. Enlightenment ideals heavily emphasized the importance and rights of each individual, white man; these were called natural rights. These ideals encompassed popular sovereignty where the opinions of the majority were emphasized. The Enlightenment continued the ideas of the Scientific Revolution in which there was a great emphasis on human reasoning and how it could answer questions about nature; in the Enlightenment, people believed that human reasoning could be used to solve any issues in society or politics.
The combination of Taxation without real representation, British Military aggression, and the aftermath of the British neglecting the colonies had the most impact on the start of the war, and without these causes, there may not have been a revolutionary war in America. Taxation without real representation resulted in the first rebellious acts from the colonists against the British. Some of these rebellious acts were The Boston Tea party, The Burning of the Gaspee, and the forming of the Continental Congress. The unfair taxes on the colonists angered the colonists because they were being taxed at increasingly high rates by the king that was supposed to be protecting them, which resulted in the colonists protesting against the unjust taxation. England was taxing the colonies in attempt to regain some of the money that they had lost in
The American Revolution Started in 1775 between Britain's Colonies and the Americans. The war started with a difference over the path in which Great Britain treated the provinces vs. the way they felt they ought to be dealt with. American natives felt they merited all the rights as the English men. They needed to be free, however the British then again felt that they were made to be utilized as a part of the way that suits them, the crown and parliament. This clash is exemplified in one of the energizing shouts of the American Revolution: No Taxation Without Representation.
Essay #1: Analysis: The Declaration of Independence The Declaration of Independence brought a large amount of the modern spirit of American identity with it, imposing a firm political barrier between the then-America and its mother country. The Declaration put in place that rift by showing the tyranny exhibited by King George III, plainly putting into view the fact that the state of them being a colony of Britain simply was not meant to be any more. The colonists resorted to this treason due to the fact that George III would not and had not replied favorably to any other redress, forcing the colonists’ had, making revolution and independence inevitable at that point. The Declaration became the symbol of the American spirit practically within days. From the reading of the document to General Washington’s troops to its postings in the towns, the Declaration firmly planted the idea that had existed in whispers, but now was brought into plain view: independence from tyranny, namely Britain and George III, was inevitable.
Common Sense was a revolutionary piece of work that influenced the attitudes of American colonists and encouraged a resistance against the unlawful behavior of the British Government. The pamphlet garnered the support from the average citizen by breaking down the complexities of the British-American ties and implanted the idea that severance was the only viable solution. Thomas Paine, the writer behind Common Sense, carefully dissected the faults of the Royal Crown to address the ludicrousness of their monarchy governance. Prior to Common Sense, American colonists were greatly divided. However, proponents supporting independence was steadily rising.