This temple was the largest temple in Ancient Rome, and was dedicated to the goddess Venus Felix, known as the Bringer of Good Fortune, and Roma Aeterna, Eternal Rome. Hadrian’s design was finalized in 121 when construction began, and he introduced it to Rome in 135. However, because of how incredibly detailed and massive the temple was, Hadrian did not live to see the completion of it, as it was completed under the reign of his successor, Antoninus Pius, in 141 AD. This temple measured 53m wide and 110m long, sitting on a platform that measured 140m wide and 145m long. Inside the temple one would find two different cellae, sacred inner chambers.
It is the site were the Byzantine emperors were crowned. • The Dome It is an architectural legacy. It was intended to be larger and taller than any other dome built. The dome was repaired many times due to structure failures and earthquakes in 558 AD. It is now supported by 40 spaced ribs and, the dome is inscribed with the verses of the Quran.
The Apollo temple was firstly built the 7th c.B.C by two architetcs: Agamedes and. The temple was rebuilt in the 6th c.B.C after a devastating fire happened, the temple was built again and renamed as “The Temple of Alcmeonidae”. Later, in 373 B.C the temple was once again destroyed, this time by an earthquake and was rebuilt for the third time in 330 B.C.. (The complete history of ancient Greece, Don Nardo) #Façade: The Temple of Apollo was considered as one of the massive buildings in the Ancient Greek period, it was raised on a high platform of steps that measured almost “120x56 yards ≈ 110x51 Meters”. This temple used Ionic columns and were about 66 feet tall, 10 of the were at the façade and 21 on the flank in a double colonnade, the rest of them stood in the porch with varied sculptured bases. (The complete history of ancient Greece, Don
It was the year when Byzantine Empire ended, and when the new Ottoman decided to convert Hagia Sophia into a masjid [ ]. Outside the building, four minarets were added [ ], these “four slender pencil-shaped minarets” are more than 60 meters tall and are “among the tallest ever constructed.” Finally, In 1934, the government of Turkey secularized the Hagia Sophia and turned it into a museum [ ]. III. DOMES IN MUSLIM ARCHITECTURE Although, dome is the greatest architectural innovation, and its evolution was before Islam, but Muslim architects developed or introduced many domes. In the Islamic era Muslim architects developed have enormous and varied types of domes like: smooth, ribbed and conical with neck [ ].
The Diocletian Palace is the main attraction in the city Split, Croatia. The Palace was built in essentially built in the 3rd and 4th century AD. Emperor Diocletian who gave up the throne of being Roman Empire in the turn of the 4th century CE built the palace and after his retirement on May1, 305 settled here, on the beach, in the Illyrian province of Rome. And today the Illyrian province is now part of Croatia. This palace is a very big massive structure, and has buildings for housing military garrison.
Today when talking about Baroque architectures, most people would come up with two of the most famous buildings from Baroque Period which are Saint Paul’s Cathedral in London and Saint Peter’s Basilica in Vatican. This essay will explore the differences between the designs and effects in both St. Paul’s Cathedral and St. Peter’s Basilica by comparing their background information, front façades, naves, high altars, and most importantly dome designs. The Baroque Period was between late the 16th and mid-18th century which occurred after the Renaissance Period. About 1500, when rebuilding started and the Popes became the greatest builders in the world, Julius II, from Urbino and Michelangelo from Florence carried out their grandiose schemes
It is a story of a once insignificant Anatolian tribe rising to become one of the greatest empires the world has ever seen, a major power on three continents at once; Europe, Asia, and Africa. The Ottoman Empire was a force to be reckoned with militarily and culturally; and then as with all empires that followed the inventible decline and fall. With its end written into the piece settlements following the First World War, the republic of turkey was
History of Byzantine Empire The term Byzantine is derived from Byzantium that was a colony of Greek established by a person called Byzas. The empire was located on the Bosporus region in Europe thus serving as a trade route to Asia. It was the extension of the Roman Empire since most of the Roman practices were incorporated into this kingdom. Following the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD the Byzantine Empire was born to survive for 1000 years before the Turks conquered it in 1453 AD. Its capital was Constantinople a name derived from Emperor Constantine.
(Michael, 1) Romanesque architecture is an architectural style, which is popular in Christian-endemic areas in the 10-12 century of Europe. The origin meaning of Romanesque architecture is the Roman architecture style of the building, it also translated as Roman style architecture, Roman architecture, and so on. Romanesque architectural always used for monasteries and churches, it was a European architectural
Sailing to Byzantium is indeed one of the best known lyrics of W.B. Yeats. Written in 1926, it appeared in Yeats 1928 collection The Tower. The title of the poem Byzantium was an ancient Greek city, the capital of Byzantine ruled by the Turkish Sultan and city is now known as Istanbul. Before that, it was Constantinople at around 670 B.C.