Statelessness In Thailand

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Introduction ‘statelessness is indeed a broad human rights issue, even as it retains a distinct technical dimension’ said Guy Goodwin-Gill. Statelessness which is continuing to be a world wide sphere has effect over ten million unfortunate people which can be found around every country in the world not only one specific location. Stateless people reside in everywhere but most of them live in Asia. As in publish researches show some examples of stateless people that some are the Kenyan Nubians living in Africa, some are hill tribes living in the north of Thailand, some are indigenous group in India, some are Dominicans of Haitian descent living in the Caribbean. Most of stateless people are likely to live in one place because of movement restriction…show more content…
And another is jus soli or nationality acquired by virtue of being born in a country which means a person can acquire nationality from his country of birth for example a person can acquire Thai nationality because he was born in Thailand even though his parents are not Thai. Until 1972 when Southeast Asia was facing the spread of communism the rules became more powerful and rigid due to fear of communist rule from some neighboring countries. At that time Thai government enforced the revolutionary Party Announcement number 33 dated 13 December 1972 or so-called ‘Por Wor 337 in accordance to withdraw and deny Thai nationality with regard to acquisition of Thai nationality of birth in both way, including two principles jus sanuinis and jus soli. The Por Wor number 337 changed the measurement on acquisition of Thai nationality according to “nationality acquired by virtue of being born in a country” or jus soli, they were trying…show more content…
This is the reason why many international organizations had been established and some are grouped together to focus and deal with statelessness. For considering example, the United Nations (UN) creates The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) to be the competent authority within the UN System and has a responsibility to take care matters related to statelessness. Since the arise of the problem of statelessness. United Nations prescribed two most significant instruments of international law correlated to the statelessness issue including, the 1954 Convention relating to the Status of Stateless Persons and later on, the 1961 Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness. The UNHCR take a big role by have been increasing motivated to solve this problem. According to the research ‘Statelessness and Human Rights : The role of The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)’ by Andrés Ordoñez Buitrago, EAFIT University. It is identified that the work of the UNHCR towards stateless persons has the following four key areas involving, identification, prevention, reduction and protection. With the assistance of the UNHCR, some states have been able to efficiently reduce the cases of statelessness and moreover, they have enhanced the human rights predicament in their countries like

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