40-50% of all deaths in the end-stage renal disease population are of cardiovascular origin . The majority of deaths among patients with predialysis kidney disease were due to cardiovascular disease (Wannamethee SG et al., 1997). The cardiovascular mortality risk is substantially higher
People with bipolar disorder experience unusual and intense emotional states called “Mood Episodes”, which represent a drastic change from a person’s usual mood and behavior, (National Institute of Mental Health). A. Mood episodes can be very explosive and irritable, (National Institute of Mental
Often obstructions are caused by atherosclerosis, i.e. the accumulation of fat on the arterial walls. The blockade of one of the intestinal arteries often cause chronic mesenteric ischemia who later becomes acute. • Hypotension caused by shock, heart failure, use of certain medications or chronic renal failure. Hypotension can decrease the flow of blood to the small intestine. This is mainly due to spread in patients with other serious diseases, or atherosclerosis.
It affects around 5-8% of all pregnancies. When superimposed with convulsions it is termed as eclampsia. Other high-risk factors are multiple pregnancy, hydramnios, and molar pregnancy. It is estimated that around 1400 women dye from pregnancy-related causes
Normally this disease is associated with joint involvement but research is now showing that that is no longer the case. Women are more affected than men and those with a higher genetic disposition end up with the disease. Rheumatoid Arthritis is a chronic inflammatory disease. It may involve the lungs by causing pleurisy, interstitial pneumonitis, and pulmonary hypertension secondary to pulmonary vasculitis.2 The problem with Rheumatoid Arthritis is that patients ignore the few symptoms until the shortness of breath becomes more noticeable.5 Necrobiotic nodules that can form cavities, that form within n the lungs as well defined masses.2
Moreover, there is an increasing risk with age of being affected by rheumatoid arthritis and thus many adults ages 40 and above are suffering from increasing pain of their muscles and decreasing quality of their social life. Although many elderly people spend a lot of time and money to alleviate the rheumatic pain and yet still fail and suffer from the painful effects of Rheumatoid Arthritis at ages 50 and above, the researchers still believe that it can be prevented through proper diet, regular exercise and habitual intake of vitamins that strengthen the joints. I. Rheumatic Arthritis brings so many problems among the lives of the elderly citizens. A. They had to spend a lot of time for medication to ease their sufferings.
The special attention is directed toward problem of visual and hearing, nutritional status and other conditions that may lead to weakness, falling and difficulty in ambulation. Besides, the physical examination is done to identify the diseases for which curative, restorative, palliative or preventive treatment may be available. In older adult, it is important to assess for the older adult nutritional intake. It is because older adult may have vitamin and mineral deficiencies.
Metallic mercury when is taken orally is normally not very harmful. After oral uptake of mercury (II) salts erosive damages of the oral and nasal cavities and oesophagus often accompanied with nausea and vomiting. When salts reach the stomach and small intestine gastroenteritis develops with losses of protein and electrolytes which can lead to a fatal shock. According to kidneys, the patient can suffer from polyuria followed by oliguria or anuria and uraemia and finally kidney failure can
3) Compensated alkalosis, which occurs when the body returns the acid-base balance but the carbon dioxide and bicarbonate levels, remain abnormal. Symptoms can be, hand tremors, muscle twitching, light-headedness, and confusion and numbness. Treatments have included medications to correct the chemical loss; breathing into a paper bag will allow more carbon dioxide into the body and having your vitals signs monitored by a healthcare
1.5 million American have lupus and nine out of ten are women. SLE death rates has increased 70 percent since 1979 amongst African American women aged 45-64 years. (http://www.cdc.gov/lupus/index.htm) An appreciation of facts of SLE is essential including the current limit of knowledge about the disease and management. A better understanding of the disease can help people all over the world learn to be more aware of its prominent position in the society
In sixteenth century, the death rate was very high and life expectation of life was usually between 30 to 40 years. If someone survived to the age of 20, they could expect to survive nearly 40 more years of life. This is because infant and young mortalities were very high. The great killers were infectious diseases, such as smallpox, plague and dysentery and 40 to 50 percent of children were killed by infectious disease by the age 15. Infant mortality usually was around 150-200 per 1000 live births.
When I was born I was diagnosed with Sickle Cell Anemia, and I believe that it is both strength and a challenge. Sickle Cell Anemia is a genetic blood disorder where the red blood cells are sickle-shaped and they clog blood vessels which can lead to pain crises and strokes. Two weeks later after my birth, my doctor told my mother that I wasn’t going to live past the age of one. When I was younger I didn’t know that I had a disease, I thought I was normal like the rest of my classmates. When I was four years old I had my first crisis