Anaemia Literature Review

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3. Review of literature

3.1 Adolescent girls with micro nutrients deficiency Adolescence is the transitional stage of development between childhood and adulthood. During this period, iron requirements increase dramatically in both boys and girls as a result of the expansion of the total blood volume, the increase in the mass of lean body and the onset of menses in young females. These increased requirements are associated with the timing and size of the growth spurt as well as sexual maturation and the onset of menses.

Data from NFHS-3 shows that 56% Indian adolescence girls are anaemic and the prevalence of anaemia remains unchanged over the last decade. Meal skipping, a part of lifestyle, is a common phenomenon during adolescence.
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Malaria in particular is a very widespread and highly significant contributing factor to severe anemia. Adolescent iron requirements are even higher in developing countries because of infectious diseases and parasitic infestation that cause iron loss (Kanani and Poojara, 2000). The dietary iron absorption is decreased in the case of helicobacter pylori (H.pylori) colonization in the intestine. A study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of anaemia and iron deficiency anaemia and explored the relationship between H.pylori infection and IDA among adolescent girls in China. A total of 1,037 adolescent girls were included in the study. Hb, serum ferritin, serum transferring receptor, and serum lgG antibodies to H. pylori were measured. The prevalence of, iron deficiency anemia. (IDA) and H.pylori infection was19.5%, 40.4% 17.1% and 31.2% respectively and the prevalence of H.pylori infection in the IDA group was 46.9% (Xia et al,…show more content…
A single blinded, placebo-controlled, stratified intervention study was conducted in Pennsylvania to assess the relation between iron status and cognitive abilities in young women. Cognition was assessed by using 8 cognitive performance tasks. The study findings revealed that at baseline the iron sufficient women performed better on cognitive tasks and completed them faster than the women with iron deficiency anemia. A significant improvement after the treatment with iron supplementation improved speed in completing the cognitive tasks (Kolb et al,

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