The PIT provides exploratory rationale to the patient. The therapist attempts to bestow a rationale for the patient, which affirms the significance of relating emotional or somatic symptoms to interpersonal conflicts or problems. By the end of initial sessions, the link between the interpersonal difficulties and emotional problems and distress should be constructed. To be able to do this is important because it is one of the principal points for patient to remain in therapy (Guthrie,
In addition to those characteristic, there is a collaborative one. This characteristic is meant to create a stable structured relationships between the client(s) and therapist, this is because of the symptoms and individua can experience with BPD and how vulnerable they may be to interpersonal relationships. When a psychologist believes the therapy treatment is not enough they may send the individual to a psychiatrist where they can be given medication as a replacement or add on to the therapy treatment. Often when an individual present paranoia, split thinking, and dissociative episodes, they are given antipsychotic medication
Narrative therapy is used by many therapists as a basis for various interventions such with individuals, families and communities. Narrative therapy is viewed as a collaborative form of therapy which works to identify the competencies, skills and expertise that a client shares in their personal narrative. Clients are considered separate entities from their problems. The strategy is to lower resistance and defenses and allows clients to address these issues in a more productive and creative manner. Externalizing the problems helps set a positive therapy discourse moving negative communication to more accepting, non-judgmental, and meaningful exchanges.
Introduction Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) are a set of theories that endeavour to solve patient’s contemporary problems. Some of these theories include Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy, Rational Behavior Therapy, Rational Living Therapy, Cognitive Therapy and Dialectic Behavior Therapy. However, throughout this work, we will be focusing mainly on Beck’s cognitive behavioural therapy. It is important to note that all CBT treatments are characterized by certain features. Firstly it is a highly structured, evidence based-treatment that aims to address patient’s current problems.
A psychotherapists is then a person who uses psychological means instead of medical means to treat mental disorders. A psychotherapist can be considered as effective if they understand that mental disorders cannot be cured but can be treated and controlled. Effective psychotherapists also have good communication skills, they are open minded, understanding, creative, empathetic and persuasive (Wampold, 2011). They have a treatment plan, they record the progress of the clients and are flexible with their treatment strategies as they treat patients with different problems, personalities and backgrounds (Wampold, 2011). They also keep their personal issues away from clients.
This also helps the client to view the external factors rather than attributing the situations to the internal factors. Thus, helping them view their psychological problems or distress which resulted from a particular “traumatic” event that they experienced rather than those inherent defects and most especially to develop a sense of self, confidence and dignity. V. Implication The case study that was presented can also be related to the vulnerability-stress model, disease model of schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders and biological models such as regarding about the roles of biological factors (internal) versus the adaptable and learned vulnerability factors (external) in understanding the disorder. Furthermore, there are indeed multiple causes which can contribute to the origin of schizophrenia (biological and psychological) where social-cognitive researchers have expanded in terms of personality factors, interpersonal strategies and cognitive vulnerabilities. These social-cognitive factors represent adapted and learned inclinations rather than the person’s biological traits.
According to Bryant (2006), this type of therapeutic intervention encompasses psychoeducation, cognitive restructuring, anxiety management, imaginal and in vivo exposure, as well as relapse prevention. The client will receive education about stressful reactions to trauma and treatment options, which will help normalize the client’s stress response and enhance the expectancy of recovery. By implementing cognitive restructuring, the clinician will address unrealistic and maladaptive perceptions the client might have about the traumatic event and his fears of potential harm in the future. It will be useful to provide anxiety management strategies to the client in the therapy sessions because they can provide him with a degree of control over his distress and with a sense of relief. The techniques used for anxiety management include muscle relaxation and breathing retraining.
Puberty usually causes adolescents to enter depression because of the changes they have to adapt to, which usually gives them stress. Throughout the article, it talks about how understanding the signs, symptoms and common risk factors of depression would be able to assist the parents to find the best care for their adolescents (Moreh and O’Lawrence, 2016). Parent should always be aware of the signs and symptoms of their adolescents. Therefore, parents should have a close relationship with their adolescents, in order to recognize the symptoms and signs. Failing to detect the symptoms and signs of your adolescent may lead them into a major
Your teenager will handle trauma differently to younger children or adults. A younger child depends directly on their family, whereas many teenagers look to their peer group for support. In order to help them, parents need to understand the ways in which teenagers manage distress. 3. Third, he shows signs of Narcissistic Personality Disorder, with symptoms including (a) arrogant behavior, (b) lack of empathy, (c.) sense of uniqueness, (d) fantasies of power, (e) sense of entitlement, (f) interpersonal exploitation, and (g) requiring admiration: a.
Even though many divergent psychodynamic theories exist, they all stress unconscious motivations and desires, in addition to the importance of childhood experiences in shaping their personalities. Freud also proposed there were ways that we dealt with those theories called defense mechanisms. He believed we must learn to deal with the anxiety that comes from sources in the external world and conflict within one’s own mind. In the late 1800’s and early 1900’s, Freud established a method that he called psychoanalysis and he used it to treat mental disorders. He shaped his theory of psychoanalysis by observing his patients.
The article “What Are the HALT-ernatives to Drug Use” examine how the client handles his/her stress related to alcoholics. HALT stands for: hunger, anger, loneliness, or tiredness. The article states hunger, anger, loneliness, or tiredness are triggers often conceived as by drug abuser to engage in using. While I was reading the article, it reminded me of the Bowen family therapy. One aspect Bowen family therapy focus on is the idea people are the result of an evolutionary process.
There are many variations to treat this disorder: Extracts of Hypericum perforatum L. (St John’s wort) St John’s wort extracts cause changes in neurotransmitter concentrations in the brain that are linked with depression. Another form of natural therapy is Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is an effective treatment for depression, Therapists who practice CBT aim to help their patients change patterns of behavior that come from dysfunctional thinking. Light therapy is another way a physician and psychiatrists can treat every-day and winter depression symptoms. Then there is a general belief that physical activity and exercise have positive effects on mood and anxiety and a great number of studies describe physical activities are associated with healthy mental well-being, and curve stress and anxiety. So In part, some medical journal analysis has found that neither Prozac nor Plaxil are better than a placebo for any measure of depression.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is a form of counseling treatment for any kind of offender. These individuals include adult/juvenile offenders, violent offenders, and even substance abuse offenders (Clark, 2010). These individuals were all mentioned in the book at some point. It is imperative to understand what type of counseling works with each individual and how to make them a better person. I also learned through the site more about recidivism.
Cognitive therapies have found means to help clients identify and challenge their negative thoughts and dysfunctional belief symptoms. Whereas psychodynamic approaches, helped clients recognize their maladaptive coping strategies and the sources of their unconscious conflicts. They help free
Therefore, there is a need to utilize a more comprehensive approach in stuttering treatment, including both traditional aspects such as fluency shaping, in addition to cognitive restructuring approaches. One cognitive restructuring approach is cognitive behavioral therapy. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a psychological and anxiety reducing treatment approach, which mainly centers on coaching the individual who stutters to monitor his or her speech in addition to viewing their stutter as a component of their speech rather than their identity. (Blomgren, 2010). The main components of CBT include “exposure, cognitive restructuring, behavioral experiments, and attentional training” (Menzies, O’Brian, Onslow, & Packman, 2009, p. 189).