Annotated Bibliography: Racial Profiling This is an annotated bibliography researching the reasons for, effects of, and solutions to racial profiling by law enforcement in the United States. I am researching racial profiling and is it justified in law enforcement.
Famous American cereal killer, John Wayne Gacy, had murdered and raped 33 adolescents, many of whom were teenagers, the justice system made sure this man could never do this again. The public is turning a blind eye to the many contributions the justice system makes, we should look at not only how we can reform, but how it contributes to society The justice system creates many contributions to society, such as the safety it provides for children and their chances of exploitation, the many instances where they convict dangerous individuals therefore creating a safer environment for the present and future of society, and the fact it provides all citizens of the public and private sectors, to have the right to a fair, speedy, and public trial,
The criminal justice system may be more corrupt than the people who fill our prisons. It is amazing to see the many ways that certain parts of society actually benefit from the current system we support. This book,The Rich Get Richer and The Poor Get Prison, by authors Jeffrey Reiman and Paul Leighton, has open my eyes to a very corrupt idealism. They are very precise in their supporting examples as well by walking the reader through each step and analogy.
Since 1970, our prison population has risen by some 700% - an increase far outpacing rates of population growth and crime1”. The reason America has so many incarcerated people is not because Americans commit more crimes or the police are just better at finding criminals,
The United States has a larger percent of its population incarcerated than any other country. America is responsible for a quarter of the world’s inmates, and its incarceration rate is growing exponentially. The expense generated by these overcrowded prisons cost the country a substantial amount of money every year. While people are incarcerated for several reasons, the country’s prisons are focused on punishment rather than reform, and the result is a misguided system that fails to rehabilitate criminals or discourage crime. This literature review will discuss the ineffectiveness of the United States’ criminal justice system and how mass incarceration of non-violent offenders, racial profiling, and a high rate of recidivism has become a problem.
Finally, at the end of the article Girault exposes the ruling of the Booker vs. United States (2005) case by alluding the outcome of SRA was unconstitutional and was in conflict with its goal, however, the Supreme Court feared to many prisoner would be released. (Girault 230) After using personal anecdote of his own experience on receiving a stuff sentence as a first time offender and using credible sources, Eric Girault urges the reader to get on board with the only logical thing to do is to completely over turn the
In general, the United States has 2.3 million people imprisoned in over 6,000 correctional facilities, with over 1,000,000 drug arrests made every year (Wagner, 2017). Washington state alone has 36,000 people jailed (Wagner, 2017). Although our rate is lower than the national average, there is still progress to be made. I, for one, do not believe that mass incarceration is the way to fix our country. President Nixon
That is a 500% increase from forty years ago.2 The U.S. also has the world’s highest incarceration rate. Here we host 25% of the world’s incarcerated population, even though the U.S. only accounts for 5% of the world’s population.2 Because of that, the U.S. spends $262 billion a year to run this system.2 This does not just have a monetary affect; prisoners suffer wage losses which make it hard to adjust back into the community when they are released. Because of their criminal record, they also miss out on job opportunities and the ability to benefit from public housing. Due to the struggles prisoners face after being released from the prison system, it is not surprising that about 45% of prisoners go back to prison, raising the incarceration rate.2 While researching, I found some interesting information on incarceration in Louisiana.
The criminal justice system has made a huge impact on past and present society. It has changed dramatically over the years, with different laws being created to help and protect our society. The book On The Parole Board: Reflections On Crime, Punishment, Redemption, and Justice by Frederic G. Reamer explains in great detail about his experiences with being on the parole board. He also describes the challenges that he faces with the inmates and. The crimes he has heard from different inmates, are horrific acts someone can do.
Discrimination and racial disparities exist at every phase of the U.S. criminal justice system, especially when it comes to sentencing. The United States incarcerates more people than any other country in the world, as there are over 2 million people imprisoned today. The drawing is a visual representation of my annotated bibliography. In it, I stated that the criminal justice system is broken, as it discriminates against people of color. The left side of the illustration depicts the scene of the courtroom during the trial of a white defendant.
He did not serve much time but he brings multiple talents and experiences to this book: a former public official who had worked on criminal justice issues; a rare ability to connect with and befriend people very different from himself; a PhD scholar with the ability to place these experiences in their broader
Myka Brown 5-16-16 Final Government Paper Draft Smith Is the American Civil Liberties Union bad? The American Civil Liberties Union is a non-profit organization that protects and defends the personal, individual rights and liberties of Americans, underlined by the Constitution. This organization was specifically led by Roger Baldwin, Crystal Eastman, and Albert DeSilver. As the century is transitioning and more uprising opinions on social, economic, political issues are being addressed in media, change is starting to happening. Today, America faces controversial issues, like the right of abortion, or even the rights of allowing gender-neutral bathrooms in public schools.
Since 1989, over 1500 people have been exonerated for crimes they served time for but did not commit.(NRA) These are only the cases we know about. In our country’s justice system, many wrongfully convicted people are never given a chance to be exonerated and remain in prison for their entire sentencing. Errol Morris, an American film director attempted to shine a light on the dark side of the criminal justice system. In his 1988 documentary, “A Thin Blue Line,” Morris conveys the need for our justice system to be reformed as he trails the court case of Ranadall Adams, a man wrongfully convicted of a murder; following the case through the prosecution painting an unfair view of Adams, flimsy witness testimonys, and prosecutors who’s motives are
The biggest issue within the Criminal Justice system is the large number of wrongful convictions, innocent people sentenced to die for crimes they did not commit. People are put in prison for years, even executed for false convictions. This affects not only those put in prison but friends and family of the accused. Wrongful convictions aren’t solely a tragedy for those directly involved either. It weakens the faith the public has for the justice system as well as poses safety issues; when innocent people are put away, the real criminals are still out there.
Adam Foss ' became known for his TED talk titled "A Prosecutor 's Vision For A Better Justice System" is that the obligation of prosecutors is to carry out their employment better. He 's attempting to induce the gathering of people by illuminating them of more productive arrangements other than simply sending culprits straight to jail or prison. He builds up his contention throughout the discussion. His two primary focuses concentrate on the thoughts of the equity framework picking genuine arrangements as opposed to causing more issues for themselves as well as other people and prosecutors monitoring the power that they have when taking care of