The meaning we bring to life, then, is materialistic and success-focused because our national philosophical environment espouses those values. Campbell also calls upon another major myth that forms a large part of the philosophical environment of many children: religion. Campbell recalls his Roman Catholic upbringing, in which he was “taught to take myth seriously and to let it operate [his] life and to live in terms of these mythic motifs” (Campbell 12). His statement provides a clear example of how a philosophical environment affects meaning. After all, religion is a part of the philosophical environment; in Campbell’s experience it is the main part.
Unfortunately, Self-actualization is not acquired in all societies, but if present, it reflects positive vibes in one’s self. The cognitive perspective focuses on the mind’s nature and how mental processes influence the behavior. It also explains the study of mental process that incorporates the cognitive perspective. The environmental category groups two perspectives: behavioral and sociocultural. The behavioral theory identifies how the external environment governs and shapes the actions of the individual, which are ultimately not innate.
This idea sparks questions such as, how does architecture affect human behavior, or what style of architecture has the greatest, positive affect on human relations? Sociologists have been trying to answer similar questions for many years. However, little research has been conducted in the field of architectural sociology. “Architectural sociology is the study of how socio-cultural phenomena influence and are influenced by designed physical environment” (Smith & Bugni, 2006, p.123). There are many different types of buildings in the world and they all affect humans in different ways.
It is said that our thoughts and behaviour, as human beings, are influence by people around and the social influences in which a situation occur. Therefore the different aspects of our behaviour is as a result of the ecological model, which is the; individual, family, school, community, society and the culture. The interactions and the impacts between an individual and the ecological model are integrated in the study of social psychology. Social psychology is a scientific discipline that seeks to understand the nature and causes of human behavior in the social environment. Therefore focus on the factors that influence people to behave the way they do in the presence of their social, and it also examines the circumstances under which certain
Holland also suggested that the personality of the student or his/her interest may vary from the work environment, for example, an artistic person will most likely be part of an artistic circle or community rather than being realistic. From this idea, we now understand the concept of the familiarity of the individual to his/her environment, for example, Grade 10 students that are more inclined to politics and socioeconomic studies will most likely fall under Humanities and Social Science (HUMSS) Strand thus concluding that interest will affect the decision of the student in choosing a strand. On the other hand in Albert Bandura’s Social Learning Theory, it is stated that an individual learns through our environment and social context. We learned from one another as we decided to observed people around us. If we see a positive feedback towards other people’s action, we tend to imitate it, thus, influencing us to do the same thing in a given circumstance, either to be rewarded based on this action or to be a better version of our self.
Much of this paradigm dates back to the work of social work theoretician and practitioner William Gordon. Gordon was instrumental in conceptualizing the framework that the understanding and practice social work involved not only internal matters of the respective minds and environments but of their interactions and relationships as well (Heinonen & Spearman, 2001). The ‘ecosystems framework’ is complemented by concepts supported in ‘systems theory’ and ‘ecology’. ‘Systems theory’ stresses the effects of interacting elements where multiple elements are themselves whole, interact and combine to form a whole, and have relationships with other wholes (Heinonen & Spearman, 2001). An open, interactive, system may receive nourishment and sustainability from within itself and from its relationships with others (Heinenon & Spearman, 2001).
When looking at psychology’s role in health we look at beliefs, neurosis, skills, personality, behaviors, past trauma, coping skills, and learning/memory. Two areas of focus that help us analyze this health crisis are behavior biology and sociology. They enable us to understand the affect our manmade social systems, such as the economy, have on health, and they help us to understand how to change our social environment (Joseph, Chapter One). Commonly, when using a biopsychosocial point of view of health, people often forget to include the ecological effect, but it is included when analyzing this situation with a systems theory approach (Joseph, Chapter One). When the larger idea of ecology is included it takes into account the entirety of the habitat and its affects on all elements (Joseph, Chapter One).
And off course their behavior is determined by various environmental factors such as the physical, biological, social, economic and cultural settings where individuals maintain their relationships and carry out their mutual interactions throughout their lives. The individual himself/herself is an internal part of the environment where they interact with various aspects of life and construct their psycho-social traits as a unit. According to Herman (1998), any person is born with genetically inherited characteristics which make up 30% of his/her personality and the remaining 70% of the personality is shaped by environmental conditions such as the things provided by parents, information gained from formal and informal education, things learned from peer circles, and the culture where he/she is brought up. Modern complex societies in particular are internally differentiated or stratified and one of the principal bases of stratification is class. Karl Marx (1852), a German social thinker, propounded a theory of class that is accepted by many educators and social scientists and these scholars are usually grouped together and labeled as Marxists.
Therefore, finding an explanation through psychology, for the different specific reactions that human beings exhibit is important. Social psychology is an important sector of psychology that takes interpersonal relationships into consideration. Over the years, many theories have been developed to aid in explaining human behavior, especially ones that administer social experiences. The main focus of this assignment is the analysis of the cognitive dissonance theory in social psychology. Cognitive dissonance theory attempts to explain the human behavior through cognition, in which individuals always look for stability in their attitudes and behaviors (Festinger, 1985).
This study was based on Jessor 's "Problem Behavior Theory”. This is a systematic, multivariate, social-psychological conceptual framework derived initially from the basic concepts of value and expectation in Rotter 's (1954, 1982) (Rotter, 1982, Rotter, 1954) social learning theory and from Merton 's (1957) concept of anomie. According to the social learning theory, learning occurs through modelling. Thus, substance use behaviours may occur through peer influence, where peer model substance use or make substances more readily available or exert mutual influence to use substances as well as peer norms that encourage and perpetuate substance use. Due to this social learning, peers who use substance are more likely to have substance using friends who act as reinforcing agents.