It also becomes motivating to behave yourself when you are aware of your boundaries. Finally, when students practice good behavior, it automatically raises their self-esteem. (Wright, 2005). Building from that idea of collaborating with students to form the classroom rules, setting “observable rules” (Canter and Canter, 1992 p:51) is important too. That means, to form a set of rules, wherein the results in the form of good behaviour can be observed immediately, e.g.
To improve learning in higher education, the primary focus should be on engaging students in a process that best enhances their learning – a process that contains feedback on the effectiveness of their learning efforts. Education must be conceived as a continuing reconstruction of experience, the process and goal of education are one and the same thing. Dewey (1897) all learning is re-learning. Learning is best facilitated by a process that draws out the students’ beliefs and ideas about a topic so that they can be examined, tested and integrated with new, more refined ideas. Learning needs the resolution of conflicts between dialectically opposed modes of adaptation to the world.
This individual provides order, commitment, and knowledge to students. The Technologically – Competent Practitioner displays integration, usage, and application when educating students. Each part of the Conceptual Framework is very important. One of the most important aspects of the Conceptual Framework would be the Culturally Responsive Practitioner. Instructional planning is very important.
Feedback is a significant element in determination of education quality as well as in effective learning where it portrays the learning outcomes for students and the successes for the tutors. There are many aspects that concern educationists with regards to feedback but the relationship between perspectives of learning as well as teaching and feedback stands as the most important among them. Feedback should be conveyed in different modes in a learning environment but whatever mode chosen creates room for dialogue between the tutor and students. Therefore, it is only through feedback that the student engagement relationship with the feedback as well as the tutors’ perceptions of learning, teaching and assessment that such successes can be established. The Rationale Feedback is closely related to learning and teaching theories making it a significant element in learning despite the theories that may be adapted.
If educators can find ways to support autonomous motivation in the delivery of instruction, then optimal learning can be achieved (Niemiec & Ryan, 2009). Deci and Ryan (2000) postulate that an individual needs intrinsic motivation as well as three intrinsic psychological needs in order to initiate these behaviours and maintain good psychological well-being and self-determination (as cited by Niemiec & Ryan 2009). These universal needs are autonomy, competence, and relatedness. These components together form the self-determination model which emphasizes supporting student autonomy in order to achieve positive learning outcomes. Intrinsic motivation refers to behaviours done in the absence of external impetus that are inherently interesting and
2. OVERVIEW OF THEORIES A brief overview of the three learning theories is as follows: 2.1 Self Efficacy Self-efficacy is one 's belief of having ability to perform particular task and accomplish desired goals. The feeling of self-efficacy plays important role in achieving the goals. According to Zimmerman, self-efficacy motivates the students and helps them taking new challenges in life by consistent learning. Self-efficacy differs from several motivational constructs and self-efficacious students are hardworking, more emotionally stable and can handle difficult situations efficiently when compared to inefficacious students.
Metacognition is the process of thinking about thinking or being aware and understanding of one’s own thought process. As students and members of society, this still is critical to creating a high functioning world. For the individual, this provides a way to view past experiences and optimize successful ways of the past. As one continues throughout their education path, this skill is critical to creating a high function learning environment. Simply by looking at what was successful in the past, it becomes easier to develop assessments that are flexible to all learning styles.
This story gives truth to the famous saying “children live what they learn” this is so according to the theory Social Learning fathered by the Canadian – American Psychologist Albert Bandura. Unlike other theories that support the belief that behaviours are inherited, Social learning theory believes that individuals learn from their environment and from each other through imitation, observation and modeling. In a quest to prove this Bandura conducted an experiment in1961 known as the Bobo doll experiment. He had four hypotheses 1.Children witnessing an adult role model behaving in an overly aggressive manner would be likely to replicate similar behavior themselves, even if the adult was not present. 2.
Conscientiousness, this trait is responsible, organised, careful, hardworking, achievement-oriented and persevering. They have high tendencies for the application of higher order cognitive skills such as elaboration, critical thinking, and metacognition (Bidjerano & Dai, 2007). In this study, the design of the learning activities places to a certain extent the onus of learning on the students. Hence, being self-conscientious on completing the activities and assignments may bestow conscientiousness students, high scores on the cognitive and teaching
More or less anyone who can accomplish a skill is capable of metacognition – that is, thinking about how they make that skill. Promoting metacognition starts with constructing an awareness among learners that metacognition exists, varies from cognition, and rises academic success.The next phase is to teach strategies, and more significantly, to help students make explicit knowledge about when and where to use strategies. A ﬂexible strategy selection can be used next to make careful regulatory choices that allow individuals to plan, monitor, and assess their learning. These objectives can be met through a variety of instructional practices. Also, he mentioned that his preference is for an interactive approach that blends direct education, teacher and skilled student modeling, reﬂection on the part of students, and group activities that let students to share their knowledge about