Marx had a huge impact of Russian literature, especially, Crime and Punishment by Fyodor Dostoevsky. Crime and Punishment used great use of the Marxist Theory. While the bourgeois earned value through overpowering the lower class. This novel best embodies the Marxist Theory because it is a proclamation of a proletariat, being Raskolnikov is not is the right place in society, struggling from deep poverty and craves the fighting against the common good in society. Johnson 2 As Alyona in Crime and Punishment
While the whole world was still reading popular romantic novels and love poems, Russia was leading a movement into the new realistic approach to literature. Dostoyevsky was one of the forerunners of this movement, along with Gustave Flaubert in France and Mark Twain in America. Realists were actually master of psychological characterisation, they provide detailed descriptions of everyday life in realistic settings and dialogues which captures the idioms of natural human speech. They endeavored to accurate representation of contemporary culture and people from all walks of life. Such writers, often depicts the themes of socio-economic conflict by contrasting the living conditions of the poor with those of the upper classes in urban as well as rural society.
Osborne 's Look Back in Anger,(1956) reflect his criticism of his society. Osborne 's anger was represented by the major character, Jimmy Porter, who articulates the disillusionment of the post-war youth in Britain at that time. The struggle between classes was tackled through Porter 's marriage to the upper class Alison. The title of look back in anger defines the underlying themes of all Osborne 's plays. Each is motivated by outrage because of the discovery that the idealized Britain, for which many had sacrificed their life during the war years, was inauthentic (Innes 98-103).
This disgusting man took advantage of a poor immigrant girl. This is an example of the way the upper class mistreated the lower class and got away with it in the capitalist society. The family goes through many trials caused by other people, the same way many people in the lower class society went through in America. Events like these are the reason “The Jungle” initially appears as literary fiction. Although the novel may appear as literary fiction early on, it takes a twist around chapter 21 when Antanas Rudkus dies on the streets.
The movie germinal is based on the master piece by the French Author Emile Zola, when author traveled to a poor rural district of France to observe the living and working conditions of striking coal miners. The movie provides dramatic and visual images for 19th century history events. In the mid of 19th century and late 19th century when Industrialization drew a different class structure where the owners were stealing the fruits of the worker’s labour. In the same age when working conditions in mines and other labour intensive industries were hazardous, the society was divided into two sections owners and workers .Rapt between servitude and starvation, workers look for the jobs at every place and migrates from Denmark to north France ready to work for any kind of job, irrespective of their
21.05.2017 Seyla Tanya Varer- 2005825 Soc 204- Literature Assignment About “Hüyükteki Nar Ağacı” - Yaşar Kemal The book was written in 1951 by Yaşar Kemal, who is known as one of the greatest novelists that knows the life conditions and local culture in the Çukurova region. “Hüyükteki Nar Ağacı” is focusing on effects of mechanization in agriculture on peasants’ life in the broader sense. But, while the indicators of the changing social body can be sensed in the narrative; exclusion, exploitation, victimization, and struggle of living of local people can be understood clearly. In the article of B. Akşit, there can be found parallel points with the novel. Akşit (1993) argues, with the modernization in the villages in 1950’s, the unevenness and inequality in land and power distribution in the villages has increased and he attributes that consequence to both commercialization of agriculture after II.
A Groat 's-worth of Wit was one of many works which voiced the frustrations of that generation. These frustrations are also presented in the beginning of the book, through the conflict between Roberto and his father, Gorinius. Roberto 's father is an unlearned man who acquires a great fortune and is contemptuous of learned men who despite their excellent education lack the means to properly provide for themselves (Greene, pp. 5-6). Thus, Greene 's criticism of his fellow play-writers tells a lot about the social circumstances which drove 16th century writers to write for the stage.
Introduction: Marxist theory and Crime and Punishment: Karl Marx may have been the most influential philosophers in Russian society. Marxism is a concept that “class struggle plays a central role in understanding of society’s allegedly inevitable development from bourgeois oppression under capitalism to a socialist and ultimately classless society”. With this theory Karl Max had a great influence on Russian literature; especially on Crime and Punishment. The novel stands to be a perfect example of Communism (a form of Socialism) and a rise of a proletariat (a common man) with reference to Marxism theory. With this idea, Raskolnikov can be seen as a version of proletariat that is a simple, impoverished, poor common man who is severely struggling from paralyzing poverty and most importantly has a craving for Sukhija 14 fighting for the common good among a society of unjust people.
He blames the current state of Russia on the aristocratic serf-owners, or the landowning class. He advocates for political change and insightfully illustrates, “behind each cherry tree in the orchard, behind each leaf, behind each trunk, there are human beings looking out at you…your mother, you, your uncle don’t even notice that you are living in debt,…at the expense of those people who weren’t allowed to go further than your threshold” (33). Trofimov believes that the serf-owning bureaucracy has trapped both the serf-owners and peasantry class in the past. His solution is that, “to start to live in the present, we must begin to atone for our past, to finish with it” (33). Trofimov is prevailing and optimistic.
Throughout the history of English literature, writers have based their works on such issues. Godaan is also gives us social criticism and the novel is set in pre-independent period and lights on the peasants’ life in that period. Premchand’s ‘Godaan’ produces the rustic, simplistic and heart-rending lives of the peasants. ‘Godaan’ is ‘a novel of stark reality’, which deals with the dreams, despairs and day-to day events of Hori, the protagonist of the novel, and his family. Through the peasants, Premchand has portrayed the pathetic life of the rural arena.