My purpose in this essay is to explain and analyze the Divine Command Theory. Divine Command Theory states that morality is ultimately based on the commands of God. I disagree with this theory because how do we know what concepts of God are true and what other concepts are false? There are so many religions making their own claims and interpretations that they believe are true. Therefore, how do we know then what God approves or disapproves of?
Antony subjectively defines morality and uses nature as her source. In contrast, I believe God created all things and defines good and evil through His creation and Word. And finally, as followers of God, our motivation for accomplishing good comes from our love for all God has done for us. Imagine a world without order, chaotic without a specific guide to right or wrong–a world without God. Antony considers herself a “moralistic atheist”, possessing similar beliefs to a humanitarian.
Dante’s Inferno focuses on spirituality and sin, whereas in Susan E. Blow’s article, Dante’s “Inferno”, the author ignores Christianity. Christians bear the burden of making conscious decisions and to ignore wrong thoughts or evil things. Dante believes that Christians must avoid evil doings or experience the wrath of God. Blow states that through sin a person learns wisdom. When discussing the “Inferno”, Blow notes that “view that sin ultimately rests is, that man can only learn what he is, by finding out what he is not, and that the violation of his ideal nature reveals him to himself”(123).
People desire things to be explainable and the ability to see cause and effect. Nevertheless, the force of evil works independently of the human response. Dostoevsky says “If all must suffer for eternal harmony, what have the children got to do with it?”. Maleficent forces do not necessarily designate who it affects and this turns people to God, and begs the question; “What did the babies do to deserve to suffer?”. Hefling brings up the idea that blame transfers via generation which is why some of the innocent experience
Euthyphro, the argument, gives two alternatives to the divine command theory that either morally good acts are willed by God because they are morally good, or morally good acts are morally good because they are willed by God. Further he explained that neither alternative is true and therefore the Divine command theory is false. So is Plato suggesting that there is no such thing as a definition of holiness, that there is no one feature that all holy deeds have in
He believes that not only does eternal law that provide guidance regarding what men should do or avoid if they wish to be happy or good, but it also issues commands and prohibitions of actions that are not legitimate (Strass & Cropsey 1987, p. 186). Revealed Law, according to Augustine, finds its origin in God's revelation through the Bible. He believes that, to resist such law "is to defy God's own ordinance, inasmuch as civil society is intended by God Himself as a remedy for evil and is used by Him as an instrument of mercy in the midst of a sinful world" (Strauss & Cropsey 1987, p. 200). Chapter 13 of Apostle Paul's letter to the Romans starts out with these words: "Let everyone be subject to the governing authorities, for there is no authority except that which God has established"(Romans 13:1, NIV). Augustine often refers to this particular passage in the Bible when talking about Revealed Law.
“Although one should not reason about Moses, as he was a mere executor of things that had been ordered for him by God, nonetheless he should be admired if only for that grace which made him so deserving of speaking with God” (22). In the context of The Prince, this statement proves to be duplicitous because Machiavelli claims that he will not reason about Moses, but then uses the following pages to do precisely that. Furthermore, Machiavelli draws extensively from the actions of Moses and the Old Testament God, although Machiavelli is often regarded as an antagonist of the Church. Machiavelli’s handbook for princes consists of concrete advice for rulers that directly reflect the more abstracted stories in Exodus. For instance, Machiavelli’s description of human nature in The Prince mirrors Moses’ experiences as the leader of the Israelites in Exodus.
Edwards really lets the message of “Gods wrath” sink into our minds to show how mighty, powerful, and capable the Lord is. The Lord gives us many opportunities to rely on Him and when we need his love and mercy the most. People ignore that and believe they can be their own gods. This is not right because Jesus says in John 14:6 “I am the way, the truth, and the life. No one can come to the father except through me.” Meaning that the only way to not end up in Hell is to except Jesus Christ into your heart.
Others define grace as that which saves the worst of us. Chapter 2:8-9 of Ephesians in the New International Version Bible states that “it is by grace you have been saved, through faith- and this is not from yourselves, it is the gift of God- not by works, so that no one can boast,” (New International Version Bible, Ephesians 2.8.9). O’Connor has a specific way of defining and showing grace. She created tales of hypocrisy, sin, and forgiveness that are violent but honest. Often depicting grace as a decision just before death, she shows the harsh reality that one must
Mankind has since been enslaved to their sin and desires. The only way to conquer sin is through God and his son Jesus. Dante illustrates his opinion of free will in The Inferno, part one of The Divine Comedy. He too shares the belief that one has free will, but is not free from moral Slavery. Dante believes that only those who seek God and his grace have the strength to properly use their free will to overcome moral slavery and gain eternal life.