Analysis Of C. Holden Caulfield As An Archetypal Picaro

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C. Holden Caulfield as an Archetypal Picaro The works of the Swiss psychiatrist Carl Gustav Jung supplied the writers with “archetypal images” which were considered to be “universal images”. “The main ideas of Jung integrates on the collective unconscious that contains the `depot` of the archetypes or stereotypes which are perceived in a similar way nationally or sometimes even globally”( Berezhna 26). So when a literary work is analyzed through the archetypal images it is significant to comprehend that those are not personal opinions of the author but universal, archaic patterns and images that derive from the collective unconscious. In literature, archetypes like the mother, the father, the trickster or in our case especially important, the child archetypes like Holden Caulfield, also found their reflections in the literary world. Alice Byrnes in her book The Child: An Archetypal Symbol in Literature for Children and Adults analyzes the connotations that stand behind the child archetype and she says: The symbol of the child suggests virtues of innocence, freedom, and gentleness. However, Jung`s archetype of the child is essentially a sign of wholeness. Therefore, it signifies a complementary balance of attributes associated with childhood and adulthood such as innocence and wisdom, freedom and responsibility, as well as gentleness and strength. (2) Child archetype remained prevalent until the early 21th century. After 1930s a new type of young hero emerges in

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