Historically Black colleges and universities (HBCUs) are institutions of higher education in the United States founded primarily for the education of African Americans. Prior to the mid-1960s, HBCUs were virtually the only institutions open to African Americans due to the vast majority of predominantly white institutions prohibiting qualified African Americans from acceptance during the time of segregation. As such, they are institutional products of an era of discrimination and socially constructed racism against African Americans (Joseph, 2013). Successfully, millions of students have been educated in spite of limited resources, public contempt, accreditation violations, and legislative issues. The purpose of this research paper is to discuss
Cleo Clayton is my second interview; she’s a 40 years old Jamaican American woman working class. The role that class race gender has played in her life is that she’s always had to work harder and smarter to make it in the corporate world, because she believes that all the odds are against her due to the fact that she’s a black women and she is also from a foreign country. Coming from a beautiful blended family’s that have a strong connection, when she turn 30 her mother diseased and her father was very involve in their family lives. Be that as it may both of her grand parents were very active and involves in their lives, always encouraging and continuously pushing her and her siblings to persuade their education and to strive for better
The story of Misty Copeland has always interested me in many ways. I may not be an African American but the thought of her not being extremely skinny and still making her way up to principal dancer for the American Ballet Theatre has encouraged me to accept my body the way it is and just dance from the heart. She has shown the world what it’s like to follow your own path no matter what road you take to get there. “Dancing Toward Diversity”, talks about Copeland in a very positive way. She’s been given so many opportunities to make dancers aware of the problems with diversity in ballet, even so far as the American Ballet Theatre creating scholarships for kids of color to help pay for them to attend their summer intensives.
Macon Dead uses highly negative words such as “disgust,” “uneasiness,” and “revolting” to describe his feelings toward his biological son. The reader is taken aback by the revelation by Macon Dead. The situation is ironic because, he sees his son in such a negative light despite the child being innocent. The statement by Macon Dead foreshadows the troubled relationship he shares with Milkman and it also reflects the characteristics Macon Dead possess. The words spoken by Mrs. Bains were aloof however, they hold a deep meaning.
3. One-way race and class interlocks in Higher Learning is when Deja played by Tyra Banks was shot and killed at the Peaceful Music Fest. Another way race and gender interlocks is the scene where Professor Phipps is giving a class lecture and looks at Malik saying “No one is going to treat you special just because you’re Black or White or Hispanic or Indian or Asian or because you are a women or because you failed to get sufficient rest last night” What he is saying is no matter who you are or where you come from unless you earn a high level of respect no one is just going to treat you well you have to earn it. 4. My senior year in highschool I read a book called the invisible man.
They claim, “...students of color are showing that they feel disconnected from their respective schools, that implicit yet institutionalized racism creates emotional distance between them and their white peers and faculty. Being a black student on a predominantly white campus certainly, doesn’t guarantee that the student will develop mental-health issues. However, various studies suggest that perceived or actual discrimination can make it hard for students of color to engage with their campus in the way that their white peers do.” This explains how students sometimes feel like they don’t get enough support from their universities and this is dangerous because it can lead that student to drop out of school.
Delgado and Stefancic (2011) stated that Critical Race Theory explores how “race, racism, and power intersect to create different circumstances for people of color within society [...] and in postsecondary institutions” (as cited in Quaye, 2013, p. 172). Within the field of higher education, it is important for student affairs professionals to recognize how race permeates all aspects of an individual’s life to fully understand their students’ experiences. Unlike other student development theories, such as Baxter-Magolda’s (2008) self-authorship and Abes, Jones, and McEwen’s (2007) Model of Multiple Identities, CRT places race at the “center of the analysis and assumes that race is omnipresent” in an individual’s life (Quaye, 2013, p. 167).
Systemic Racism in the United States Many individuals today have different point of views on how the United States of America became what it is today. For instance, point of views such as how society learned to function the way it does, the law and order in place, and ultimately, how circumstances have developed throughout history. Unfortunately, institutional/institutionalized racism, also known as systemic racism is also a concept that has settled and is grown to be quite predominant in the United States all through times past. Systemic racism continues to take place in settings such as banks, courts of law, government organizations, school systems, and the like.
Over the course of many years, African Americans have influenced communities in many ways. African Americans have been used as slaves and segregated. After overcoming these struggles, they later were granted freedoms and rights. Many African American individuals have overcome these hard times and worked hard to achieve their dreams. Misty Copeland, Patricia Bath, and Madam C.J. Walker are courageous African-American women who have overcome racial stereotypes because of their determination to pursue what they love; Misty Copeland’s determination led her to pursue dance, and Patricia Bath and Madam C.J. Walker were strong, African American entrepreneurs.
In the article “My Black Skin Makes My Coat Vanish”, the author Mana Lumumba-Kasongo argues that her black skin makes people do not believe she is a doctor. She shares her own experiences of giving the situations when people asked her, where the doctor is. For example, when the author had a patient, a black little girl, refused to let her to treat her, even though she have seen that Dr. Kasongo was wearing a white coat. She felt embarrassed and couldn’t believe that people didn’t believe that she actually has a medical degree. Dr. Kasongo also talked to her peers and she found out that she was not the only one treated in this way.
On November first I attend the White Privilege and Male Privilege event located in the Northridge Center. This was a conversation between Peggy McIntosh and Victor Lewis discussing racism and other forms of oppression. Although it was a very long discussion it was informative and educational. There was a spoken word of the night and her name was Jasmine Walkens and she read a poem to audience about equality. The poem she read made me realize that many people are cruel and equality is just a myth like the American dream.
Racial inequality in education is predominant in black students and is perpetuated further by educators. A theory that explains this could be the “hidden curriculum” theory which conditions students to believe that their cultural backgrounds must be silenced to resemble the model white student. Studies show that training educators in cultural sensitivity and establishing trust between students and teachers allows students from varying cultural backgrounds to improve in classroom settings. RACE INEQUALITY IN U.S. EDUCATION Considered the “melting pot” of the world due to its high diversity, the United States has been renowned for the varying cultures and races populating the country.
Angelou’s contribution to the Civil Rights Movement and her achievements as an activist were remarkable. While these achievements seem to be enough to last a lifetime, the Civil Rights Movement was only the beginning for Angelou. Angelou worked as an outspoken Civil Rights activist during the movement. But even after the Civil Rights Movement had ended, she continued to be a voice of humanity, speaking out against anything that harmed the human spirit. Angelou moved on to influence American society as a whole, from the 1970’s to the day she died, May 28, 2014.
In the play A Raisin in the Sun, Lorraine Hansberry introduces a family trying to move up in the world but has trouble doing so because they are racially opposed by society. Starting in the 1890’s the Jim Crow Laws were used in the South as a way to oppose African-American giving them a status called, “separate but equal.” They mandated segregation of public schools, public transportation, public facilities including restaurants, bathrooms, and drinking fountains. In the 1950s African- Americans were starting to fight for equal rights and were starting to make headway.
Bring it On: All or Nothing The film I chose to watch is the third installment of the Bring It On series, which are all mostly unrelated stories loosely held together by the thread of cheerleading as a main plot point. I went with the third movie, released in 2006, because it attempts to have something to say about race, and was actually written by a black woman, though whether it survived rewrites and succeeds or not is to be questioned later. The basic plot is that the lead character, Britney, is the captain of the cheerleading squad at a very white, suburban school called Pacific Vista.