Free association involves refraining from any conscious thinking and just saying whatever comes into your head. Freud also believed that emotional excitement of a sexual nature was within the cause of many psychoneuroses and other psychological phenomena (Tansley, 1941). Freudian Theories I A. Theory of the Unconscious Mind: The choices we make are governed by the unconscious mind through hidden mental processes. The mind is can neither be identified with consciousness, or be an object of consciousness.
With the theory does not just put us into the mould whether we are definitely dominant in id, ego or superego solely; indeed, it reminds us that the significance of maintaining a harmonious relationship between id, ego and superego which means everyone gets to satisfy their pleasure principle, id, in a way that is morally right. Secondly, Freud’s theory has also indicated the first step in mapping the conscious, preconscious and unconscious which acts as a catalyst in fields of psychology and assists the researchers to discover the connection that they might miss (Beystehner, 1998). Thirdly, the several criticisms on the validity of Freud’s theory will only indicate that more research should be done in it to prove whether it deserved to be falsified or to be more confident in it; meanwhile, we should not ignore the truth that psychoanalysis or the theory of id, ego and superego is one of the reliable and practical treatment for mental
Another book is ‘Introduction to Psychoanalysis’ or ‘Vorlesungen zur Einführung in die Psychoanalyse’, which is one of the eminent works of Freud. In this book, he outlines his premise about the theory of psychoanalysis, including the unconscious mind, theory of neuroses and dreams (Sigmund Freud, (n.d.)). Therefore, by publishing his books, the society has more ideas about what his theories are all about. In summary, Sigmund Freud is known for his brilliant mind, his influence to the society by his theories, and his recognition by his books. By influencing us with his works in art, literature, psychology, science, anthropology and much more, Sigmund Freud has a great contribution to the society since their century until today.
The Comparison between Freud and Jung: Their Contributions, Similarities and Differences Many people have known about psychology because of Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung (Blundell, 2014). In spite of the fact that they have various theories, they have so many contributions to understand the struggle of human mind. Their theories and thoughts have not always differed from each other (Blundell, 2014). Once, they were friends and colleagues. They investigated the unconscious psyche.
To have a better understanding in this introduction about the three concepts of personality and its validity as a whole; first there is need to understand Freud 's theory in the three stages of the model of the mind, which are the conscious, meaning being aware of the surroundings, preconscious, being less aware, and unconscious, being a part of the mind that one is not aware like dreaming or fantasizing. Freud had divided that only part of the ego is 'conscious ' which are ideals or thoughts that 'can be seen ' while the id and superego are 'unconscious ' which are the thoughts and beliefs that are 'hidden
This approach has been customized by some theorists Psychoanalytic terms of concept and procedures and they have formed the theory that each approach more commonly known as neo-Freudians.Among psychologists who have followed the opinion of the theory to customize each one is Alfred Adler who formed the theory of Individual Psychology and Carl Jung who formed the theory analysis.Freud exaggerate the sexual impulses and stimulation has caused many controversies, one impression is a follower and disciple of Freud children have formed their own theories. Most of them receive natural motifs interests are not conscious, but they are putting more emphasis to relations with the public versus ego with ego only satisfactory relationship id's will. In general psychoanalytic approach that sees humans as individuals who have determined his future. The approach has laid the man was born together with animalistic instincts that is evil. His life has been determined from the beginning again by those instincts.
All this rests on the patient trusting the analyst and this process of “curing” could take a long and unpredictable time. Psychoanalysis, in the time of its genesis was accepted because it freed the mind from being a hereditary product and instilled a new sense of individuality. However this was a naïve belief as increased practice of this science killed this very individuality. Analysis: Freudian psychoanalysis gave a new lens to analyse human behaviour, even the mind became subject to scientific study. The practice of psychoanalysis rested on a belief in the existence of the normal and the pathological.
Developmental Theories Psychoanalytic was first discovered by Sigmund Freud which is a close look at the unconscious drives that make people do certain things or act a certain way. Freud was always talking about the way the mind worked because he believed our minds are responsible for the things we do weather we are conscious or unconscious. There are three characteristics according to Freud that made up a persons personality which are: The Id, ego, and the super ego. The Id is the part of the unconscious that attempts pleasure, which people seem to act out when the Id is not lined up with the ego or super ego. Ego, for us humans to keep a real sense on earth in reality we need ego in order to maintain a balance between pain and pleasure,
In rules of order to evaluate the strength of Freud 's hypothesis of psychoanalysis, one must consider a few of the timber that makes a theory of personality or behavior "great". Among the many advantages that people consider to be important are that the theory addresses its problem, can be applied in practical ways, a scene with other theories and withstands the trial run of time. In addition, a good theory, according to many philosophers of scientific discipline, is falsifiable, able to be generalized, the lead-in to new theories and ideas, and is recognized by others in the bailiwick. Clearly, psychoanalysis meet many of these criteria. As a treatment, therapy depends on the idea that people are ignorant of the many elements that reason
Of these levels the most radically significant was the unconscious, which could be accessed through dreams and had a great influence on man’s conscious behavior. Freud’s theories suggested that man organize the information he received from the outside world according to his own interior experience and desires, and that his perception of reality was fundamentally subjective. It is exactly this interior world that Modernist writers often try to explore in their writing. Another thinker who influenced the techniques of Modernists was Henri Bergson. Bergson argued that time could not be measured according to the units (such as hours, minutes, etc.)