Because of such gender differences, misunderstanding between men and women creates a gap in the communication process. Tannen used her genderlect theory to help bridge that gap by acknowledging and achieving an understanding of the language of each gender. Conversation between men and women can be described like cross-cultural communication. This is the basis of Tannen’s You Just Don’t Understand. In an effort to bridge that communication gap between genders, she examined the differences between how and why people communicate.
In the introduction from Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick’s novel, she states that her argument is that the continuum between male “homosocial desire” and homosexuality cannot be understood outside of its relation to women and the gender system as a whole (2435). She then uses the sociological neologism "homosocial" to distinguish from "homosexual", stating that the social bonds between males can be applied to “male bonding”. She also notes that these activities may be characterized in our society by “intense homophobia, fear, and hatred of homosexuality” (2435). Following this accusation of sorts, she explains why she views this homosocial behavior as potentially erotic to hypothesize the potential unbrokenness of a continuum between homosocial and homosexual (2435). Her use of the word “desire”, rather than “love”, she mentions is in response to the fact that “in literary critical and related discourse, “love” is more easily used to name a particular emotion and “desire” to name a structure” (2435).
Relationality and relational theory, which is “rooted in transdisciplinary and diverse fields,” provides the underpinning for Doucet’s (2016) astute analysis (p. 3). Relational theory focuses on layers of dependence and interdependence, and on the social construction of norms and roles within relational structures. One of the foundational arguments of Doucet’s (2016) research is that binaries, which are also socially constructed, can impede meaningful social justice. Binaries include the most obvious gender binary of male/female, but also extend to more abstract binaries like subject/object. Binaries are indeed part of the established feminist discourse and relevant to Doucet’s (2016) analysis.
Introduction Modern society tends to stereotypical thinking and perception of gender differences. It is extremely important to pay attention to stereotypes, not to give in to the impact on the perception and livelihoods. Some of the most common stereotypes is the idea of typical female and typically male qualities. The presence of different social roles, which are perceived as the fundamental differences between men and women in their psyche and activities, forms gender stereotypes. Gender stereotypes are formed within a particular culture.
Compulsory heterosexuality and the taboo against homosexuality is incorporated in gender norms (Spargo, 1998; Butler, 1990). Acts are labeled masculine or feminine to institute a system of gender so that social institutions can claim that acts are biologically-inherent for males or females. Through this system, heterosexuality can be justified as the biologically-inherent, gender-typical sexual orientation. As such, a male individual, merely because of his homosexuality, becomes perceived as unmasculine, feminine, gender-atypical. Following the same logic, a female individual, merely because of her homosexuality, becomes regarded as unfeminine, masculine,
This changes the perception of feminism as it highlights the necessity to alter the gender roles and gender identity. Additionally, Macdonald (2005), explains transgender individuals experience discrimination from their reassigned gender community and their previous gender community. For instance, women who transition to a man appear as though they are abandoning womanhood. Whereas, men who transition to become a woman are disregarded as truly being a woman who can participate in the feminist movement. This signifies the continued limited scope feminism abides under.
Then I thought to myself is gender only seen as important to appeal the public eye. If someone is addressed one way why can it not be a simple pronoun be fit for that word. In Ralph Emerson's “The Language of the Street” I feel as if he connects to Baron’s idea in piece of his text. Emerson states “I contrary to our grammar rules”. “This shows the comparison between identity and language even through grammar.
• According to Oxford Dictionary the definition of the term Gender is “The state of being male or female (typically used with reference to social and cultural differences rather than biological ones)” (Oxford Dictionary, 2014) • According to Oxford Dictionary the definition of the term Sexism is “Prejudice, stereotyping, or discrimination, typically against women, on the basis of sex” (Oxford Dictionary, 2014) • According to Psychology Glossary the definition of the term Gender Stereotyping is “ fixed ideas about men’s and women’s traits and capabilities and how people should behave, based on their gender” (Psycology Glossary, 2014) • According to council of Europe Gender Equality is “ an equal visibility, empowerment and participation
A Modern View of Feminist Criticism William Shakespeare 's "Othello” can be analyzed from a feminist perspective.This criticism focuses on relationships between genders, like the patterns of thoughts, behavior, values, enfranchisement, and power in relations between and within sexes. A feminist examination of the play enables us to judge the distinctive social esteems and status of women and proposes that the male-female power connections that become an integral factor in scenes of Othello impact its comprehension. I believe that the critical lens that provides modern society with the most compelling view of literature is Feminist Criticism because it analyzes distrust and disloyalty among relationships, women being treated as possessions
1) Gender – Oxford dictionaries said that gender is “The state of being male or female (typically used with reference to social and cultural differences rather than biological ones)” (Oxford dictionaries, 2014) Sexism – Oxford dictionaries states that Sexism is “Prejudice, stereotyping, or discrimination, typically against women, on the basis of sex” (Oxford dictionaries, 2014) Gender stereotyping – Houghton Mifflin Harcourt says Gender stereotyping is “are simplistic generalizations about the gender attributes, differences, and roles of individuals and/or groups” (Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2013) Gender Equality – Cambridge dictionaries state that gender equality is “the act of treating women and men equally” (Cambridge dictionaries, 2014)
Gender is defined as “a social position; the set of social arrangements that are built around normative sex categories,” while sex refers to “the biological differences that distinguish males from females,” (Conley 279). Gender is often thought of as exclusively masculine or exclusively feminine. These two groups are often applied to the sexes – males and females respectively, and end up making gender and sex seem synonymous. Biological males, the physically stronger sex, are expected to have so-called masculine traits such as aggressiveness and dominance; biological females, the physically weaker sex, are expected to have feminine traits such as kindness and compassion. The difference between the two is that while biological traits are unavoidable, gender is a very fluid non-binary spectrum and is socially constructed.
On the other hand, gender identity is the way a person perceives their gender regardless of their sex. Some believe our genes have given us a predisposition to our gender while others believe the social influences around us determines our gender. Do you think you were born with a gender? In our birth certificates we are labeled male or female. Nevertheless, just