However, he further explores the concept of God 's existence to find definite evidence which can support his principles and ideologies; a definite certainty. Descartes’s main argument can be seen in the Fifth Mediation as well as some earlier comments in the Third Mediation (New World Encyclopedia, 2016). Moreover, he argues that knowledge derives from the certainty of the existence of one’s own consciousness and the innate ideas it holds. To attain absolute certainty, Descartes uses the methodical doubt. This method is supportive of Descartes’s will to emphasis on doubt and question anything that can be doubted.
According to a philosopher, Pascal Wenger, one 's belief about God existing is based on self-interest. He argues that it is in our interest to believe that God exists and hence from his point of view it is rational for us human beings to do so. Furthermore, he adds that if we believe in God 's existence and he truly exists then, we are bound to receive a reward in heaven but if he doesn 't exist we won 't have lost a thing. Finally, he concludes those who do not believe in God 's existence; then he exists they are bound to receive an endless penalty in heaven. Also, other arguments about the existence of God include the ontological perspective which tries to argue from the point of abstract reasoning.
More so, Swinburne feels that God has no obligation to allow all human beings to live on equal terms. Therefore, the omnipotence of God’s authority is complete, and human beings must live with the circumstances of inequality by being able to choose evil over good. In a religious context, Swinburne has gathered much of “reasoning” from the Bible and other religious texts, which assume the existence of God through the moral tenets of “good” and “evil” as a criterion for God’s omnipotence and the free will that was given to human beings. Swinburne believes that there is a reason for all human choices, which has been defined by the moral authority of God in this interpretation of
Reality is existence, and imagining something up is nonexistent. In order for us to have understanding and think up our representation of the divine God there must be existence of him. How else would we be able to imagine a perfect holy being that is above all? If there is understanding of this being, the knowledge to imaging this being up had to come from somewhere, and this is how Saint Anselm tries to prove Gods existence.
The argument that indirectly tries to prove that man was made in God’s own image does the contrary. Humans of course would rather be called a product of intelligent design than a result of divine instinct. As far as determining his origin, man generally prefers intelligence to instinct, growth, or
She sees in philosophy the way to know fundamental truths about human existence. At the same time, the Church considers philosophy as an indispensable help to deepen understanding of faith and communicate the truth of the Gospel to those who still do not
Natural law theory states that people should focus on the good and avoid any evil. The last theory is Aristotle’s virtue ethics which states that we should move from the concern towards good action and to focus on the concern with good character. This paper argues that Aristotle’s virtue ethics is better than the other ethical theories. The divine command theory says that what is morally right and what is morally wrong is determined by God and God alone. People who follow the divine command theory believe that God is the creator of all things, therefore, he must also be the creator of morally right and wrong acts.
In his essay "The Will to Believe" William James tells us that his purpose is to present "a justification of faith, a defense of our right to adopt a believing attitude in religious matters, in spite of the fact that our merely logical intellect may not have been coerced." Page2. I found his arguments also persuasive because he suggests the existence of God cannot be solve by our intellectual means. James argues that intellectual activity is motivated by two goals: to shun error and believe truth. The choice to believe or not is alive, forced and momentous.
Descartes understands there is an existence of a superior being(God) due to the knowledge humanity has obtained. Indeed, certain ideas created can only be obtained through our mind and not our senses. Therefore, the idea of God, leads Descartes to believe there is a superior being influencing the ways of humanity. Hume on the other hand, relies on empirical evidence of the universe to prove that God exists. The natural Phenomena’s of the universe are clear representations of a superior creator: God.
The teleological argument suggests that someone has put everything in the universe in order and that the universe is too beautiful to have been created by chance, the divine creator must have been God. For example, the bucket orchid. This plant has a very interesting, complicated method of pollination. It begins with the bee being attracted to a sugar it can smell from the