Anything is a double-edged sword and so does obedience. Obedience has many functions. Submissiveness to a authentic leader is indispensable to win a war, and also, it provides stability for a country. From another point of view, it will lead to chaos and confusions in an institution without obedience. On the contrary, submission also has some limitations.
Authority does not have to be an actual figure, but rather can be a set of rules or an institution. It plays a pivotal role in the decisions and influence of the general public. Zimbardo makes it clear how dangerous authority can be, because many people choose to blindly follow instructions regardless of whether or not their morals line up. It is described in depth as an almost brainwashing like phenomenon, where those under authority feel somewhat of an obligation to obey, simply because of their position. While this alone is interesting, an even more intriguing topic discussed in the book is the fact that not only do those under authority feel obligated to comply with their leader’s ideas and suggestions, but if the authority figures change from good to evil, their follows will most likely change as well.
Disobedience Essay Oscar Wilde claims that disobedience is a natural human trait and it should be valued. Disobedience is the failure or refusal of obeying rules or someone in authority. Disobedience can take place with rebellion or just simply not conforming to a certain rule. While disobedience is natural and it is the most efficient way to make social progress, disobedience should not be praised or encouraged because otherwise there would be no order. Disobedience has been a common and effective way social progress has been made, most notably in the American Revolution.
By obeying authority figures because of fear of punishment, people can lose their sense of individuality and humanity, as evidenced by the characters in 1984. Obedience is when people listen to directions from an authority figure, often without questioning reasoning, While there are societal benefits to obedience, like people listening to directions from firefighters, lifeguards, and others who work to keep people safe, there are also potential negative impacts of the obedience modern society has managed to cultivate. For example, “Obedience is often at the heart of some of the worst of human behavior- massacres, atrocities, and even genocide” (Burger 4). These horrendous
People obey authority because they are aware of possible consequences if they disobey. This is shown through the four aspects of people obeying to avoid responsibility, be part of something bigger than themselves, pleasing authority, and being in a group with others and having your own opinion. In 1961 Stanley Milgram conducted a controversial experiment. The design of the experiment is very basic. It involves 3 people.
Renowned psychologist and social experimenter Stanley Milgram once said that “obedience is the psychological mechanism that links individual action to political purpose. It is the dispositional cement that binds men to systems of authority.” In other words, man succumbs to authority because it is rooted in his obedience to jurisdiction. An example of this is the American judicial system, which man is obedient to because that is what’s known. His political or societal purpose however is a learned behavior, or one that he matriculates from the dynamic of his culture. In the short story “Antaeus” the author, Borden Deal, explores the idea of authority through his character T.J. In“Antaeus”, Borden Deal uses the characterization of T.J. to render that when man is unique and is separate from social norms he will have the determination to find a purpose in society, only to be overcome by the presence of authority causing the destruction of his fortitude.
The concept of obedience is advocated for one in the Catholic Church. Calvin has opposing views to the (hand me down) aspect of the Catholic religion. Calvin believes that the pastors are not sent forth with a licentious and lawful authority but have a duty to the church and must be faithful to their
The conflict between authority and disobedience has stayed relevant since Adam and Eve chose to disobey in the Garden of Eden. Since this moment, every civilization has dealt with this relationship. Egyptians faced the exodus of their Israelite slaves from their land, Romans fought with the slave Spartacus who raised an army to fight against the Roman empire, and in the eighteenth century, the French government had the challenge of its civilians revolting against their authority. The balance between authority and disobedience represents a pendulum relationship. When a pendulum swings to one side, it eventually swings to the opposite side with an equal amount of force; thus, the more authority executes its rights on a civilian, the more the
The explanation of why upright people execute wrongful actions can be interpreted in multiple ways. In "The My Lai Massacre: A Military Crime of Obedience," Herbert C. Kelman, a professor of social ethics, and V. Lee Hamilton, a sociologist, discuss how the use of authorization, routinization, and dehumanization can be used to carry out unethical actions like in the My Lai Massacre. The American Law assumes that subordinates should be obeying orders, and when linked to obeying superiors, moral principles become inoperative. Erich Fromm, a psychoanalyst and the author of "Disobedience as a Psychological and Moral Problem," explains how the different types of mind set and authority can be noticeably effective in whether one is obedient. Humanistic
Throughout past, present, and for years to come mankind has changed, evolved, and eventually progressed through disobedience of higher power, a social hierarchy yearning to be surpassed. The fundamental virtue of man is disobedience. It is engrossed in the idea of free will itself. Through extensive observations of society of past and present, the idea of disobedience being the way progress has and will be made is a true and factious claim; looking at the original sin of Adam and Eve, the exposure of sexual misconduct in the film industry, and the public views on the legalization and decriminalization of marijuana. The age-old tale of Adam and Eve, the original sin of man and the basis of free will and choice.